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Author Perez-Amador, Julieta
Title The transition to marriage in times of social and demographic change: Educational attainment and family influences in Mexico
book jacket
Descript 195 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-03, Section: A, page: 1104
Adviser: James M. Raymo
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Wisconsin - Madison, 2009
This research provides a more comprehensive sociodemographic view of the transition to marriage in Mexico, a country with a relatively young and stable age at marriage during the twentieth century when important socioeconomic and demographic changes took place. First, I examine how increases in educational attainment and women's labor force participation are associated with differentials in the transition to marriage. I find that cohort differences in the relative risk of marriage among women born in 1936-1968 are largely explained by the changing educational composition of the population. The difference by educational level, however, is primarily due to the inhibiting effect of school enrollment. Although being enrolled in school greatly decreases the relative risk of marriage, the small size of the highly educated group is eclipsed by the stability of the rest, maintaining the average age at marriage rather constant
Second, I focus on the role of intergenerational influences on the transition to marriage. I analyze the extent to which mother's age at marriage is related to children's age at marriage. I find that children of mothers who married young entered into marriage earlier than children of mothers who delayed marriage. This relationship persists after controlling for important socioeconomic factors. In fact, the magnitude of the effect of mothers' age at marriage on children's age at marriage is larger than the magnitude of the effect of mother's education. I also find this relationship to be similar for both sons and daughters
Third, I examine how parent-child relationships and family dynamics are related to the transition to marriage. I find that poor-quality mother-child relationships, harsh family environments, and strong parental control over young adults, particularly over daughters, precipitate early union formation. Specifically, daughters who enjoy more independence and freedom from their parents have a lower relative risk of marriage. This risk decreases as educational attainment increases, suggesting that highly-educated women who live under strict parental control and authority may be more likely to improve their relative level of autonomy by forming egalitarian marriages than by negotiating more democratic relationships with their parents, contributing to the stability of marriage in Mexico
School code: 0262
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 71-03A
Subject Sociology, Individual and Family Studies
Sociology, Demography
Alt Author The University of Wisconsin - Madison
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