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Author Ramos, Elvin Timba
Title Influences of globalization on food security and development in the Philippines
book jacket
Descript 127 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-01, Section: A, page:
Adviser: Barrett Brenton
Thesis (D.A.)--St. John's University (New York), 2010
The colonial history of the Philippines created a country filled with political turmoil, economic distress, and social discrepancies. Over the past 400 years, the Philippines as an island nation managed to reinvent itself by taking influences of Western tradition on its political, economic, and social paradigm. Countries such as Spain and the United States have both "Hispanizized" and "Americanized" the country to develop a more modern republic where democracy exists. Today, the Philippines in a macro level seem to be improving many areas in the country, most especially Manila. But in the micro level the Philippines is still considered a developing country and more or less still has various homegrown issues, like severe poverty, resulting from political corruption, international debt, and unsteady social reformation
Globalization has taken its toll in the country providing both positive and negative attributes to the economy. Social issues such as poverty and hunger continue to increase due to the domino effects of illiteracy, unemployment, and unfair distribution of food programs in the country. Hundreds of households are hungry in the Philippines. Even though, there are many anti-hunger and anti-poverty programs in the Philippines, the inconsistencies of these programs do not benefit the majority of the people living in poverty. The only way to solve the problem is to implement best practices and manage the flow of funding and the distribution of goods under a one-system paradigm
Inconsistencies in education, lack of employment opportunities, low government funding, less agricultural control, and reckless management of the aquaculture, are all leading elements that undermines food security in the country. According to the United Nation's Food and Agriculture Organization and the World Food Programme, almost 1 billion people worldwide, 642 million in Asia and the Pacific suffer from hunger and nearly 20% of the Philippines' 92.2 million people (United States Department of State) are still undernourished
This researcher focuses on both food security and development issues in Philippines and how globalization can influence its progress positively or negatively. It is very imperative to evaluate programs initiated by the international community such as the non-governmental organizations; public programs funded by the Philippine government; the work of many charitable organizations located in the country; and those organizations that are led by leaders and members of the Filipino Diaspora around the world. Trying to understand why the Philippines is continuously unable to lift itself out of poverty is an urgent question. There are many components that will lead to answer such questions. However, will point their fingers to the unsatisfactory role of government in creating innovative development strategies nationwide
Though this researcher will only be limited to certain programs tackling the issue of poverty and hunger, it will also deliver a raw and personal reflection of the reality in the Philippines. Personal interviews and my own reflections from my field visits in 2007 and 2009 plays an important role in describing the difference between what is abstract versus what is reality. Additional questions will be answered: Why is the country is not meeting its own development goals? What are some key solutions that might further reduce poverty, hunger, and malnutrition'? What are the local, national, and international communities doing to help the Philippines?
This researcher will briefly evaluate the role of women, the Catholic Church, the government's agricultural sector, and the Filipino Diaspora as they contribute to the stages of eradicating hunger and food insecurities in the country. A major recommendation of a food bank, similar to other countries, will he pitched in this essay. This idea will serve as the "one system paradigm" of best practice and act as an umbrella organization that helps ease access, manages better distribution, and has better availability of food programs for people living in poverty. The dissertation also has a teaching component where I wrote a pedagogy chapter, which includes a written approach and a syllabus on how to teach this topic in college and university level courses
School code: 0192
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-01A
Subject History, History of Oceania
Pacific Rim Studies
0504
0561
Alt Author St. John's University (New York)
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