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Author Karthik, T
Title Non-Woven : Process, Structure, Properties and Applications
Imprint Havertown : Woodhead Publishing India PVT. LTD, 2016
©2016
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (361 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Woodhead Publishing India in Textiles Ser
Woodhead Publishing India in Textiles Ser
Note Cover -- Half Title -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Preface -- Foreword -- List of figures -- List of tables -- 1. Introduction to nonwovens -- 1.1 Definition of nonwoven -- 1.2 Classification of nonwovens -- 1.3 History of nonwovens -- 1.4 Market growth of nonwoven industry -- 1.5 Features of nonwoven fabrics -- 1.6 Raw materials for nonwovens -- 1.6.1 Fibers -- 1.6.1.1 Bi-component fibers -- Common bicomponent configurations -- Polymers for bi-component fibers -- 1.6.1.2 Nano fibers -- Properties of nanofibers -- Application of nanofibers -- 1.6.2 Binders -- 1.6.2.1 Dry binders -- 1.6.2.2 Wet binders -- 1.6.2.3 Evaluation of properties and testing of binders -- 1.6.3 Additives -- 1.7 Product properties and applications of nonwovens -- References -- 2. Web formation -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Staple fiber web formation system -- 2.2.1 Dry-laid process -- 2.2.1.1 Fiber preparation -- Fiber opening machine -- The need for opening -- The need for cleaning -- 2.2.2.2 Card -- Continuous volumetric feed -- Micro-weighing system -- Autoleveller -- Web monitor -- Card clothing -- Dust removal -- Carding quality -- Process control and maintenance -- 2.2.2.3 Web stacking processes -- Parallel lay procecss -- Cross lay process -- 2.2.2.4 Air laying -- Machines used for air laying: -- Random Card -- Advantages and limitations -- Applications of air-laid nonwoven products -- 2.2.2 Wet lay process -- 2.2.2.2 Manufacturing of wet-laid process -- 2.2.2.3 Factors influencing the web formation -- 2.3 Polymer lay process -- 2.3.1 Spun-bonding process -- 2.3.1.1 Raw materials -- 2.3.1.3 Comparison of filament bonding and staple fiber bonding system -- 2.3.1.4 Major applications -- 2.3.2 Meltblowing process -- 2.3.2.1 Raw materials -- 2.3.2.2 Meltblown process -- 2.3.2.3 Process variables in meltblowing process
2.3.2.4 Web characteristics and properties -- 2.3.2.5 Applications of meltblown nonwoven -- 2.3.2.6 Comparison of melt-blown and spunbond process -- 2.4 Comparison of different web forming techniques -- References -- 3. Nonwoven bonding techniques -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 Mechanical bonding -- 3.2.1 Needle punching -- 3.2.1.1 Working mechanism of needle punching technology -- 3.2.1.2 Types of looms -- 3.2.1.3 Parameters influencing the properties of needle-punched fabric -- Raw material variables -- Web characteristics -- Machine variables -- Machine design parameters -- Finishing -- 3.2.1.4 Selection of fibers for needle punching process -- 3.2.1.5 Needle punching needle -- 3.2.1.6 Characteristics of needle-punched nonwovens -- 3.2.1.7 Applications of needle-punched fabric -- 3.2.2 Stitch bonding -- 3.2.2.1 Manufacturing method -- 3.2.2.2 Stitchbond stages -- 3.2.2.3 Types of stitch bonding system -- 3.2.3 Hydro entanglement/spun lacing system -- 3.2.3.1 Elements in hydroentanglement process -- Fiber -- Web forming -- Water jets -- Needling substrate -- Water system -- Drying -- Finishing -- 3.2.3.2 Properties of spunlaced fabrics -- 3.2.3.3 Advantages of spunlace fabric -- 3.2.3.4 Applications (Vaughn 1978) -- 3.3 Chemical bonding -- 3.3.1 Chemical binders -- 3.3.1.1 Properties desired in a binder -- 3.3.2 Methods of binder application -- 3.3.2.2 Foam bonding process -- 3.3.2.3 Spray bonding -- 3.3.2.4 Print bonding -- 3.3.2.5 Powder bonding -- Product characteristics -- Applications -- 3.4 Thermal bonding -- 3.4.1 Binders -- 3.4.1.1 Binding fibers -- 3.4.1.2 Binding powder -- 3.4.1.3 Binding web -- 3.4.2 Methods of thermal bonding -- 3.4.2.1 Hot calendering -- Pressure -- Temperature -- Types of calendaring -- Area bonding -- Point bonding -- Embossing -- 3.4.2.2 Belt calendering -- 3.4.2.3 Through-air bonding -- 3.4.2.4 Ultrasonic bonding
3.4.2.5 Radiant heat bonding -- 3.4.2.6 Application of thermobonded nonwovens -- 3.5 Comparison of different web bonding techniques -- References -- 4. Finishing of nonwovens -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Mechanical finishing -- 4.2.1 Splitting and winding -- 4.2.2 Perforation and slitting -- 4.2.3 Shrinking -- 4.2.4 Drying and heat setting -- 4.2.5 Compacting -- 4.2.6 Embossing -- 4.2.7 Creping -- 4.2.8 Calendaring -- 4.2.9 Emerising/sued finishing -- 4.2.10 Shearing -- 4.2.11 Raising -- 4.2.12 Singeing -- 4.2.12.1 Plate singeing machine -- 4.2.12.2 Rotary-cylinder singeing machine -- 4.2.12.3 Gas singeing machine -- 4.3 Chemical finishing -- 4.3.1 Washing -- 4.3.2 Dyeing -- 4.3.3 Printing -- 4.3.4 Types of chemical finishes for nonwoven fabrics -- 4.3.4.1 Antistatic finishes -- 4.3.4.2 Antimicrobial, anti-fungal finishes -- 4.3.4.3 Lubricants -- 4.3.4.4 Flame-resistant finishes -- 4.3.4.5 Water-repellent finishes -- 4.3.4.6 Softeners -- 4.3.4.7 Stiffeners -- 4.3.4.8 UV stabilizing agents -- 4.3.5 Application methods of chemical finishes -- 4.3.5.1 Padding -- 4.3.5.2 Coating -- 4.3.5.3 Laminating -- 4.3.5.4 Flocking -- 4.3.6 Emerging technologies in nonwoven finishing -- 4.3.6.1 Plasma finishing -- 4.3.6.2 Microencapsulation -- 4.3.6.3 Other techniques -- References -- 5. Testing of nonwovens -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.1.1 Objectives of textile testing -- 5.1.2 Importance of testing -- 5.1.3 Benefits of testing -- 5.2 Characterization of bonding structures -- 5.2.1 Needle punched nonwovens -- 5.2.2 Wetlaid nonwovens -- 5.2.3 Stitch bonded nonwovens -- 5.2.4 Thermal bonded nonwovens -- 5.2.5 Chemically bonded nonwovens -- 5.3 Testing of nonwovens -- 5.3.1 Testing of properties of a raw material -- 5.3.1.1 Various methods and standards adopted to measure the fiber properties -- 5.3.2 Testing of a nonwoven structure
5.3.3 Testing of nonwovens based on applications -- 5.3.4 Standards for nonwoven testing -- 5.3.4.1 Sampling of a nonwoven materials -- 5.3.4.2 Measurement of basic nonwoven parameters -- Determination of mass per unit area -- Fabric thickness -- Uniformity of nonwoven fabric -- Tensile strength of fabric by strip method -- Tear strength of fabric by Trapezoid method -- Abrasion resistance of textile fabrics ((ASTM D3884 - 09(2013)e1 Rotary Platform, Double-Head Method) -- Air permeability of fabric -- Water vapour transmission of fabric -- Thermal resistance of fabric (UNI EN 31092) -- Steam resistance of fabric (UNI EN 31092) -- Liquid absorption of fabric -- Fire resistance of fabric -- 5.3.4.3 Fiber orientation angle and distribution of fiber orientation -- 3.4.4 Determination of porosity of fiber assembly -- Measurement of pore size and porosity -- 5.3.4.5 Absorbency and wicking rate using GATS -- 5.3.4.6 Contact angle measurement -- 5.3.4.7 Blood penetration resistance -- 5.3.4.8 Common testing parameters and standards for nonwoven materials used in various application fields -- References -- 6. Applications of nonwovens -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Application of nonwovens in apparel -- 6.3 Application of nonwovens in agriculture -- 6.3.1 Crop covers -- 6.3.2 Mulching -- 6.3.3 Overwintering nursery -- 6.3.4 Green houses -- 6.3.5 Weed control -- 6.3.6 Root control -- 6.3.7 Containers -- 6.3.8 Capillary mats and pre-grown grass seed mats -- 6.4 Application of nonwovens in geotextiles -- 6.4.1 Metal culverts -- 6.4.2 Railway construction -- 6.4.3 Environmental applications -- 6.5 Application of nonwovens in medical textiles -- 6.5.1 Nonwovens in wound dressing -- 6.5.2 Nonwovens in medical gauze -- 6.5.3 Nonwovens in surgical gowns, caps and masks -- 6.5.4 Nonwovens in bed linen -- 6.5.5 Nonwovens in hygiene products -- 6.5.6 Nonwovens in wipes
6.5.6.1 Personal care wipes -- 6.5.6.2 Household and home cleaning wipes -- 6.5.6.3 Industrial cleaning wipe -- 6.5.7 Nonwovens in Tissue engineering -- 6.6 Application of nonwoven in automotive textiles -- 6.6.1 Fibers and manufacturing methods for automobile applications -- 6.6.2 Carpets -- 6.6.3 Trunklining, headliner and recycling -- 6.6.4 Acoustics -- 6.6.5 Filtration -- 6.6.6 Safety -- 6.7 Application of nonwovens in filtration -- 6.7.1 Types of filtration -- 6.7.2 Application of textile filters -- 6.7.3 Requirements for nonwoven filtration -- 6.7.4 Nanofibers in Filtration -- 6.8 Application of nonwovens in home textiles -- 6.8.1 Nonwovens in bedding -- 6.8.2 Nonwovens in upholstery, wall and floor coverings -- 6.9 Application of nonwovens in roofing and construction -- 6.10 Application of nonwovens in packaging -- References -- 7. Composite nonwovens -- 7.1 Definition -- 7.2 Importance of composite nonwovens -- 7.3 Types of composite nonwovens -- 7.4 Composite nonwoven manufacturing processes -- 7.4.1. Composite nonwoven manufacturing by blending of fibers -- 7.4.2 Manufacturing of multi-forming composite nonwoven -- 7.4.2.1 Multi-card process -- 7.4.2.2 Multi-forming box air-lay and wet-lay processes -- 7.4.2.3 Multi-beam spunbond process -- 7.4.2.4 Combination of web forming methods -- SMS nonwoven process -- CoForm® process -- Other processes -- 7.4.3 Multi-bonding processes -- 7.4.3.1 Hydroknit® process -- 7.4.3.2 Evolon® process -- 7.4.4 Laminated nonwovens -- 7.4.5 Hybrid nonwovens -- 7.4.5.1 VAPORWEB process -- 7.4.5.2 Nanofiber based hybrid composite nonwovens -- 7.4.6 Particulate composite nonwovens -- 7.5 Application of composite nonwoven structures -- 7.5.1 Composite nonwovens in medical and hygiene textiles -- 7.5.1.1 Wipes -- 7.5.1.2 Wound dressing -- 7.5.1.3 Healthcare and hygiene products -- Surgical gowns -- Face masks
Incontinence products
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2021. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Karthik, T. Non-Woven Havertown : Woodhead Publishing India PVT. LTD,c2016 9789385059124
Subject Electronic books
Alt Author C., Prabha Karan
Rathinamoorthy, R
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