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Author Roe, Alan (Alan Daniel), author
Title Into Russian nature : tourism, environmental protection, and national parks in the Twentieth Century / Alan D. Roe
Imprint New York : Oxford University Press, [2020]
book jacket
 Modern History Library  363.680947 R698    AVAILABLE    30550100704848
Descript xiv, 344 pages : illustrations, maps ; 25 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Note Includes bibliographical references (pages [317]-334) and index
"Into Russian Nature examines the history of the Russian national park movement. Russian biologists and geographers had been intrigued with the idea of establishing national parks before the Great October Revolution, but pushed the Soviet government successfully to establish nature reserves (zapovedniki) during the USSR's first decades. However, as the state pushed scientists to make zapovedniki more "useful" during the 1930s, some of the system's staunchest defenders started supporting tourism in them. In the decades after World War II, the USSR experienced a tourism boom and faced a chronic shortage of tourism facilities. Also during these years, Soviet scientists took active part in Western-dominated international environmental protection organizations where they became more familiar with national parks. In turn, they enthusiastically promoted parks for the USSR as a means to reconcile environmental protection and economic development goals, bring international respect to Soviet nature protection efforts, and help instil a love for the country's nature and a desire to protect it in Russian/Soviet citizens. By the late 1980s, their supporters pushed transformative, in some cases quixotic, park proposals. At the same time, national park opponents presented them as an unaffordable luxury during a time of economic struggle, especially after the USSR's collapse. Despite unprecedented collaboration with international organizations, Russian national parks received little governmental support as they became mired in land-use conflicts with local populations. While the history of Russia's national parks illustrates a bold attempt at reform, the state's failure's to support them has left Russian park supporters deeply disillusioned. "-- Provided by publisher
Link Online version: Roe, Alan (Alan Daniel). Into Russian nature. New York : Oxford University Press, 2020. 9780190914578 (DLC) 2019044706
Subject National parks and reserves -- Russia (Federation) -- History -- 20th century
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