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Author Salawitch, Ross
Title Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and Climate Change
Imprint Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, 2011
©2011
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (347 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and Climate Change -- Contents -- CHAPTER 1 Introduction -- 1.1 The Stratospheric Ozone Layer -- 1.1.1 Early Observations of Stratospheric Ozone -- 1.1.2 The Chemistry of Stratospheric Ozone -- 1.1.3 The Distribution of Ozone in the Stratosphere -- 1.2 Anthropogenic Influence on the Stratospheric Ozone Layer -- 1.2.1 Increase in Halogen Source Gases in the Atmosphere -- 1.2.2 Upper Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- 1.3 Polar Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- 1.3.1 The Antarctic Ozone Hole -- 1.3.2 Arctic Ozone Depletion -- 1.3.3 Chemical Mechanisms of Polar Ozone Depletion -- 1.4 The Future of the Stratospheric Ozone Layer -- 1.4.1 Projections of Future Stratospheric Ozone Recovery -- 1.4.2 The World Avoided by the Montreal Protocol -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 2 Source Gases that Affect Stratospheric Ozone -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Longer-lived Halogenated Source Gases -- 2.2.1 The Timescales and Processes that Remove Ozone-depleting Substances from the Atmosphere -- 2.2.2 The Relative Contribution of Human vs. Natural Sources to Ozone-depleting Halogen -- 2.2.3 Measuring and Interpreting Modern-day Changes in the Atmospheric Abundance of Ozone-depleting Substances -- 2.2.4 Long-lived Halogen-containing Gases Emitted from Natural Processes -- 2.2.5 Systematic Changes in Total Tropospheric Chlorine and Bromine from Long-lived ODSs -- 2.3 Very Short-lived Substances: Accounting for All of the Chlorine and Bromine in the Stratosphere -- 2.4 Past and Future Changes in Total Atmospheric Halogen Loading -- 2.5 Non-halogenated Gases that Affect Stratospheric Ozone Chemistry -- 2.5.1 Methane (CH4) -- 2.5.2 Nitrous Oxide (N2O) -- 2.5.3 Sulfur Compounds -- 2.6 The Contributions of Ozone-depleting Gases to Changes in Climate -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 3 Stratospheric Halogen Chemistry
3.1 Introduction -- 3.2 A Brief History of Halogen Chemistry -- 3.3 Overview of Stratospheric Halogen Chemistry, Abundances and Partitioning -- 3.3.1 Abundances -- 3.3.2 Partitioning -- 3.3.3 Chlorine versus Bromine Chemistry -- 3.4 Halogen Catalyzed Ozone Loss Cycles in the Stratosphere -- 3.4.1 The ClO Dimer Cycle -- 3.4.2 The ClO/BrO Cycle -- 3.5 ClOOCl Photolysis -- 3.6 Halogen Chemistry in the Upper Troposphere and Lowermost Stratosphere (UTLS) -- 3.6.1 The Inorganic Bromine Budget -- 3.6.2 Chlorine Chemistry in the Tropopause Region -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 4 Polar Stratospheric Clouds and Sulfate Aerosol Particles: Microphysics, Denitrification and Heterogeneous Chemistry -- 4.1 Historical Overview -- 4.2 Distribution and Composition of PSCs -- 4.2.1 LiDAR-based PSC Classification -- 4.2.2 Antarctic PSC Diversity -- 4.2.3 Arctic Measurements of STS and NAT -- 4.3 Nucleation Mechanisms of NAT-PSCs -- 4.3.1 Ice-assisted NAT Nucleation -- 4.3.2 NAT Nucleation Without Ice -- 4.3.3 Summary on NAT Nucleation -- 4.4 Simulation of NAT-Rock Formation and Denitrification -- 4.4.1 Simple Fixed Grid Simulations -- 4.4.2 Lagrangian Modeling with Constant Volume or Ice-induced NAT Nucleation -- 4.5 Heterogeneous Reaction Rates on PSCs and Cold Sulfate Aerosols -- 4.6 Which Type of Particles-Solid NAT vs. Liquid STS-Control Chlorine Activation? -- 4.7 Outlook -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 5 Ozone Loss in the Polar Stratosphere -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 Antarctic Ozone Loss -- 5.2.1 Main Features of the Antarctic Ozone Hole -- 5.2.2 Chemical Ozone Loss in the Antarctic Vortex -- 5.3 Arctic Ozone Loss -- 5.3.1 Natural Variability in Stratospheric Ozone over the Arctic -- 5.3.2 Chemical Ozone Loss in the Arctic Vortex -- 5.3.3 Interannual Variability in Ozone Loss in the Arctic Vortex -- 5.4 Summary -- Acknowledgements
References -- CHAPTER 6 Mid-latitude Ozone Depletion -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Observations of Past Mid-latitude Changes -- 6.2.1 Column Ozone -- 6.2.2 Ozone Profile -- 6.3 Understanding of Mid-latitude Ozone Depletion -- 6.3.1 Chemical Processes -- 6.3.2 Dynamical Contributions -- 6.3.3 Other Factors Affecting Mid-latitude Ozone -- 6.3.4 Assessment Model Calculations -- 6.4 Summary -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 7 Impact of Polar Ozone Loss on the Troposphere -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Antarctic -- 7.2.1 Ozone Depletion Effect on the Stratosphere -- 7.2.2 Effects of Stratospheric Ozone Depletion on the Troposphere and Ocean -- 7.2.2.1 Tropospheric Circulation -- 7.2.2.2 Surface Climate -- 7.2.2.3 Ocean -- 7.2.3 Mechanisms of Tropospheric Response to Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- 7.2.3.1 Radiative Effects -- 7.2.3.2 Zonal-mean Dynamics -- 7.2.3.3 Zonal Asymmetry Effects -- 7.2.4 Future Changes -- 7.3 Arctic -- 7.4 Summary -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 8 Impact of Climate Change on the Stratospheric Ozone Layer -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Impact of Enhanced Greenhouse Gas Concentrations on Radiation and Chemistry -- 8.2.1 Past Temperature Changes -- 8.2.2 Expected Future Temperature Changes -- 8.2.3 Temperature Ozone Feedback -- 8.3 Impact of Enhanced Greenhouse Gas Concentrations on Stratospheric Dynamics -- 8.3.1 Importance of Atmospheric Waves -- 8.3.2 The Brewer-Dobson Circulation and Mean Age of Air -- 8.3.3 The Role of Sea Surface Temperatures -- 8.4 Coupling of the Stratosphere and the Troposphere in a Changing Climate -- 8.4.1 Stratosphere-troposphere Coupling -- 8.4.2 The Tropical and the Extra-tropical Tropopause Layer -- 8.4.3 Expected Future Changes -- 8.5 Concluding Remarks -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 9 Stratospheric Ozone in the 21st Century -- 9.1 Introduction
9.2 Models and Simulations -- 9.2.1 Chemistry-climate Models -- 9.2.2 Simulations -- 9.2.3 Evaluation -- 9.3 Changes in Major Factors Affecting Stratospheric Ozone -- 9.3.1 Stratospheric Halogens -- 9.3.2 Temperature -- 9.3.3 Transport -- 9.3.4 Other Factors -- 9.4 Projections of the Behavior of Ozone -- 9.4.1 Tropical Ozone -- 9.4.2 Mid-latitude Ozone -- 9.4.3 Springtime Polar Ozone -- 9.5 Summary and Concluding Remarks -- Acknowledgements -- References -- CHAPTER 10 Impact of Geo-engineering on Stratospheric Ozone and Climate -- 10.1 Motivation for Proposed Geo-engineering Approaches -- 10.2 Impact of Major Volcanic Eruptions on Climate and Ozone -- 10.2.1 Impact on Climate and Stratospheric Dynamics -- 10.2.2 Impact on Stratospheric Ozone -- 10.3 Impact of Geo-engineering on Climate and Ozone -- 10.3.1 Impact of Geo-engineering on Surface Temperature and Precipitation -- 10.3.2 Impact on Atmospheric Temperatures and Dynamics -- 10.3.3 Impact of Geo-engineering on Stratospheric Ozone -- 10.3.4 Impact of Geo-engineering on Polar Ozone -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Subject Index
This monograph provides detailed treatment of recent advances in the field of stratospheric ozone depletion. It puts particular emphasis on the coupling between changes in the ozone layer and atmospheric change caused by a changing climate
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Salawitch, Ross Stratospheric Ozone Depletion and Climate Change Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry,c2011 9781849730020
Subject Ozone layer depletion.;Climatic changes
Electronic books
Alt Author Harris, Neil
Tilmes, Simone
Garcia, Rolando
Hobe, Marc Von
Stroh, Fred
Peter, Thomas
Grooss, Jens-Uwe
Rex, Markus
Chipperfield, Martyn
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