LEADER 00000nam  2200313   4500 
001    AAI3129029 
005    20051207082635.5 
008    051207s2004                        eng d 
020    0496762893 
035    (UnM)AAI3129029 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Shirono, Kazuko 
245 10 Trade liberalization and development 
300    137 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-
       04, Section: A, page: 1470 
500    Sponsor:  David Weinstein 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Columbia University, 2004 
520    This dissertation examines trade-related development 
       issues with a particular focus on tariff liberalization. I
       first present new evidence on the alleged imbalance in the
       Uruguay Round trade agreement. Using the framework of 
       Bagwell and Staiger (1999), I empirically examine the 
       principle of reciprocity. The main finding is that the 
       Uruguay Round tariff liberalization is reciprocal, and the
       economic significance of terms of trade losses due to the 
       tariff reduction is quite limited. Thus developing 
       countries did not lose significantly from their tariff 
       cuts, and the Uruguay Round appears to have generated 
       rather fair outcomes as far as tariff liberalization is 
520    Turning to a microeconomic issue of trade liberalization, 
       this dissertation also investigates determinants of the 
       cross-country variation in the import weighted average 
       tariff, using the tax collection cost argument for import 
       tariffs. When domestic taxes involve collection costs, 
       import duties serve as a handy revenue-raising device, as 
       they can be relatively easily monitored and collected at 
       customs. The empirical analysis finds that countries that 
       are institutionally more inefficient tend to rely more on 
       import duties and less on domestic taxes as a way to raise
       revenue since domestic tax collection is more costly for 
       such countries. Thus the evidence suggests that 
       institutional considerations and tax collection costs are 
       important for import tariff determination 
590    School code: 0054 
590    DDC 
650  4 Economics, General 
690    0501 
710 20 Columbia University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g65-04A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/