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Author Smit, Berend
Title Introduction To Carbon Capture And Sequestration
Imprint Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Company, 2003
©2014
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (597 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series The Berkeley Lectures On Energy ; v.1
The Berkeley Lectures On Energy
Note Intro -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- About the Authors -- Chapter 1 Energy and Electricity -- Introduction -- The number of carbon atoms and still counting -- Current CO2 production -- Future CO2 production -- Energy and population -- How much CO2 can we capture? -- CO2 production of a power plant -- Making dreamium™ -- Making electricity -- Case studies: on ideas and reality -- The carbon bicycle -- Kyoto Protocol progress -- Searching for Bigfoot (calculating and comparing carbon footprints) -- A concrete solution to carbon capture -- Paving the way for change -- The professor, the plane, and the Prius -- Review -- References -- Chapter 2 The Atmosphere and Climate Modeling -- Introduction -- The earth with and without an atmosphere -- The atmosphere -- Absorption of radiation by the atmosphere -- Water as a greenhouse gas -- Other sources contributing to greenhouse effects -- The climate -- Climate and temperature -- Oceans -- Extreme weather -- Carbon dioxide -- When the dust has settled -- Climate models -- The physics of the climate -- Climate models -- Climate models: a world without carbon emissions -- Future emissions -- Can biology run fast enough? -- The problem of Truth -- Review -- References -- Chapter 3 The Carbon Cycle -- Introduction -- The biological carbon cycle -- Biological cycle: Diurnal cycle -- Biological cycle: Annual cycle -- The role of oceans in the carbon cycle -- Carbon chemistry in the oceans -- Flow in the oceans -- The inorganic carbon cycle -- Faint young sun paradox -- The inorganic carbon cycle -- A box model for the global carbon cycle -- The future carbon cycle -- Climate model predictions -- Paleocene-eocene thermal maximum -- Concluding remarks -- Review -- References -- Chapter 4 Introduction to Carbon Capture -- Introduction -- Gas separations -- Minimum energy for separations -- Compression
Parasitic energy -- Review -- References -- Chapter 5 Absorption -- Introduction -- Absorption design -- Absorption equipment -- Thermodynamics -- Conservation of mass -- McCabe-Thiele diagrams -- Solvent Design -- Introduction -- Water and water+ -- Bases -- Amines -- Enzymes -- Ionic liquids -- Commercial solvents -- Beyond equilibrium thermodynamics -- Diffusion limitation -- Chemical reaction -- Rate limitations -- Additional constraints -- Costs of absorption -- Energy of absorption -- Parasitic energy of absorption -- Optimization of an amine scrubber -- Optimizing amine scrubbing -- Irreversibility -- Solvent selection -- Case Study: water versus amines -- Review -- References -- Chapter 6 Adsorption -- Introduction -- Adsorption processes -- Fixed bed adsorption -- Fluidized bed adsorption -- Temperature and pressure swing adsorption -- Adsorption design -- Adsorption thermodynamics -- Breakthrough curves -- Quantitative analysis of breakthrough curves -- Adsorption costs -- Parasitic energy -- Optimal performance -- Zeolite screening -- Novel materials for carbon capture -- Physisorbents -- Zeolites -- Activated carbon -- Clays -- Chemisorbents -- Metal oxides -- Amines on supports -- Metal Organic Frameworks -- Frameworks containing open metal sites -- Interpenetration as a strategy for selective adsorption -- Flexible frameworks -- Surface-functionalized frameworks -- Amines versus MOFs -- Review -- References -- Chapter 7 Membranes -- Introduction -- Membrane separation -- Simple membrane -- Permeation and permeability -- Diffusion mechanisms -- Molecular sieving -- Knudsen diffusion -- Diffusion solubility -- Membrane separation -- Separating flue gasses -- Single-stage separation -- Making membranes -- Improving membrane performance -- Separating flue gasses -- Microscopic aspects: diffusion -- Which diffusion coefficient?
Random walk -- Diffusion in porous media -- Materials: polymers -- Polymer membranes -- Facilitated transport -- Materials: nanoporous materials -- Nanoporous membranes -- Adsorption -- Diffusion -- Permeability -- "Experimental" nanoporous membranes -- Selecting the best membrane -- The status of CO2 capture -- Review -- References -- Chapter 8 Introduction to Geological Sequestration -- Introduction -- The scale of CCS -- Trapping mechanisms -- Selection of geological sites -- Depleted oil and gas reservoirs -- Enhanced oil and gas recovery -- Deep saline aquifers -- Deep unminable coal seams -- Capacity -- Examples of sequestration projects -- Weyburn -- In Salah -- Sleipner -- Summary -- Review -- References -- Chapter 9 Fluids and Rocks -- Introduction -- Rocks -- Geology -- Clastic sedimentary rocks -- Geological formations -- Alternative formations -- Porosity -- Fluids -- Deep groundwater environment -- Properties of CO2 -- Solubility of CO2 in groundwater -- Wetting and capillary effects -- Wetting -- Brine-CO2 interfacial tension -- Caprock -- Mechanism -- Core scale measurements of pc,b -- Fractures and faults -- Influence of chemical reactions on fracture permeability -- Permeability -- Fracture permeability -- Scale-dependence of permeability -- Two-phase flow -- Relative permeability -- Hysteresis -- Significance of residual-phase trapping -- Chemical reactions -- Mineral weathering -- Weathering rate models and data -- Accuracy of data on the weathering rates -- Dissolution at in-situ conditions -- Outlook -- Review -- References -- Chapter 10 Large-Scale Geological Carbon Sequestration -- Introduction -- Field-scale models -- Accuracy -- Simulation grid -- Thermodynamics and reaction kinetics within a simulation grid block -- Mass fluxes between simulation grid blocks -- Field-scale model assumptions -- Mixing
Impact of weathering reactions on permeability -- Organic and biological effects -- Confinement effects -- Reactions in adsorbed water films -- Capacity assessment -- Resource capacity and reserve capacity -- Storage capacity -- Capacity assessment -- Pyramid representations -- Health, safety, and environmental impacts -- Groundwater quality -- Induced seismicity -- Near-surface impacts due to leakage to the atmosphere -- Monitoring of GCS sites -- Subsurface monitoring -- Seismic monitoring -- Remote sensing (InSAR) -- Surface gas flux (eddy-covariance and chamber methods) -- Review -- References -- Chapter 11 Land Use and Geo-Engineering -- Introduction -- Land use -- Introduction -- Tundras -- Forests -- Peatlands -- Summary -- Geo-engineering: carbon dioxide removal -- Enhanced biomass -- Enhanced weathering -- Direct air capture -- Ocean fertilization -- Ocean up- or downwelling -- Geo-engineering: solar radiation management -- CO2 utilization -- Outlook -- References -- Chapter 12 List of Symbols -- List of symbols -- Chapter 13 Credits -- Cover figure captions -- Glossary -- Answers -- Index
Key Features:The first comprehensive textbook on Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS)A comprehensive discussion on the science of CCS and its impact on society and climateA multidisciplinary approach to CCS by the leading US research centers on CCS
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Smit, Berend Introduction To Carbon Capture And Sequestration Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Company,c2003 9781783263271
Subject Carbon sequestration.;Separation (Technology)
Electronic books
Alt Author Reimer, Jeffrey A
Oldenburg, Curtis M
Bourg, Ian C
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