LEADER 00000nam  2200385   4500 
001    AAINR82106 
005    20121217110539.5 
008    121217s2012    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780494821060 
035    (UMI)AAINR82106 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Spiers, Andrew James William 
245 10 Achieving a Better Understanding of Outdoor Recreation 
       Conflict and its Management in Canada's National Parks 
300    440 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 73-
       06, Section: A, page: 2288 
500    Adviser: Gordon J. Walker 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Alberta (Canada), 2012 
520    Outdoor recreation conflict has been defined as "...goal 
       interference attributed to another's behavior" (Jacob & 
       Schreyer, 1980, p. 369). Although previous leisure 
       research has stressed the relevance of emotions (e.g., 
       Hull, Stewart, & Yi, 1992), it has only been within the 
       past decade that an increased interest in leisure-based 
       emotions has occurred (e.g., Tumes, 2007; Vitterso et al.,
       2004). From this, development and evaluation of the 
       validity and reliability of a multi-item, multidimensional
       emotions-based outdoor recreation conflict scale 
       represented the primary purpose of this study. A second 
       study purpose was introduced to investigate the outdoor 
       recreation conflict knowledge transfer process within 
       Canada's National Parks 
520    Scale validity and reliability were analyzed through the 
       use of exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis and 
       established fit indices (i.e., Chi-Square, CFI, GFI, SRMR,
       RMSEA) using LISREL statistical software. Empirical 
       assessment of the emotions-based scale supported the 
       construct validity of a three-dimensional, 13-item scale. 
       The predictive validity of the scale related to outdoor 
       recreation conflict was also substantiated. Dimension 
       reliability for all three dimensions (emotion = .84; 
       appraisal = .86; and core affect = .72) was also 
       confirmed. Recommendations for future research are 
       presented including the need to establish the scales' 
       reliability and validity under different circumstances, in
       different settings, with different user groups 
520    Findings from the knowledge transfer process highlight 
       that: (a) managers value existing and future relationships
       with academics, (b) managers require "tools" that permit 
       quick and easy access to relevant information, and (c) 
       research information needs to be presented in a way that 
       is understandable, short and succinct. The proposed 
       outdoor recreation conflict scale was identified as 
       valuable and interesting; however, managers did not see 
       the scale as being appropriate for general use with the 
       research intensive language proving to be a barrier for 
520    Overall, this research advances theoretical understanding 
       of outdoor recreation conflict through the development of 
       the first emotions-based conflict scale and reveals 
       important findings for improving the delivery and 
       acceptance of outdoor recreation and conflict related 
       research. Practical and theoretical findings are discussed
       as they relate to the leisure field and other disciplines 
       of inquiry 
590    School code: 0351 
650  4 Natural Resource Management 
650  4 Political Science, Public Administration 
650  4 Recreation 
690    0528 
690    0617 
690    0814 
710 2  University of Alberta (Canada) 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g73-06A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/