Record:   Prev Next
Author Saling, Erich
Title The Beginnings of Perinatal Medicine
Imprint Berlin/Boston : De Gruyter, Inc., 2014
©2014
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (146 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Hot Topics in Perinatal Medicine Ser. ; v.4
Hot Topics in Perinatal Medicine Ser
Note Intro -- Contents -- 1 Preface and introduction -- 2 Fetal heart activity and measurements of labor activities -- 2.1 Scientific precursors -- 2.1.1 Development of the stethoscope -- 2.1.2 Recognition of the existence of fetal heart sounds -- 2.1.3 First attempts to register the fetal heart beats -- 2.1.4 Measurement of the intrauterine pressure during labor -- 2.2 Early stages: "modern" cardiotocogram (CTG) -- 2.3 Later developments -- 3 Fetal blood analysis (FBA) -- 3.1 Precursors -- 3.2 Fetal blood analysis (FBA) -- 3.3 Further developments -- 3.3.1 Pulse oxymetry -- 3.4 Excursion: Physiological concepts in connection with fetal blood analysis -- 3.4.1 "Brain sparing effect" -- 3.4.2 "Maternogenic" increase of metabolic acidity in the fetus -- 4 Amniotic fluid interventions and examinations -- 4.1 Knowledge about the significance of meconium in the amniotic fluid -- 4.2 Amniocentesis -- 4.3 Amnioscopy -- 5 Prevention of Rh-immunization -- 5.1 History -- 5.1.1 First descriptions and discovery of the pathogenesis -- 5.1.2 First exchange transfusions -- 5.2 Attempts to affect the immune system -- 5.3 Intrauterine transfusion -- 5.4 Rh-immune prophylaxis -- 5.5 Later developments -- 6 Sonography -- 6.1 Ian Donald - Pioneer of ultrasound in obstetrics and gynecology -- 6.2 Parallel early developments in the USA, Japan, and Russia -- 6.3 The ultrasonic boom in the 1960s -- 6.3.1 The development and use of new ultrasound devices: the Vidoson real-time scanner and articulated-armcompound contact scanner SSD- -- 6.3.2 The work of Alfred Kratochwil -- 6.3.3 The Kossoff group: first use of ultrasound in the diagnosis of fetal malformation and further technical innovations -- 6.3.4 Ultrasound in the diagnostics of pregnancy assessment -- 6.4 The implementation of Doppler ultrasound -- 6.5 Later developments and future perspectives
6.5.1 The founding of the International Society of Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology (ISUOG) and the first journal in this field -- 6.5.2 From the scan of fetal movements to the diagnosis of fetal well-being due to Doppler ultrasound -- 6.5.3 The implementation of 3D ultrasound -- 6.5.4 Use of ultrasound in the diagnostics of malformation and preterm delivery -- 7 Measures in cases of threatened prematurity -- 7.1 Tocolysis -- 7.1.1 Introduction -- 7.1.2 Medications for tocolysis -- 7.1.3 Later developments â€" tocolysis today -- 7.1.4 Conclusions -- 7.2 History of induction of lung maturation -- 7.2.1 Antecedent of fetal lung maturation -- 7.2.2 Early stages of fetal lung maturation 1940s- 1960s -- 7.2.3 From 1970s till today -- 7.2.4 Conclusion -- 8 Diagnosis of genetic defects -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Early stages of clinical diagnostics: Fetoscopy versus ultrasound -- 8.3 The implementation of amniocentesis (AC) -- 8.4 The implementation of chorionic villus sampling (CVS) -- 8.5 Later developments in diagnostics: Ultrasound guided CVS and amniocentesis (AC) -- 8.6 Alpha-fetoprotein in maternal serum as non-invasive diagnostic tool -- 8.7 The triple and quadruple screens -- 8.8 The return of ultrasound -- 8.9 The combined screening -- 8.10 New directions: Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) testing in maternal blood and chromosomal microarray -- 9 Assessment of the newborn immediately after delivery -- 9.1 Apgar-score -- 9.1.1 Precursors -- 9.1.2 Apgar-score -- 9.2 Assessment of the biochemical state of the newborn -- 9.2.1 Precursors - chemical and physiological scientific background -- 9.2.2 Blood gas analysis and pH-measurement in the newborn -- 9.2.3 Stanley James and Virginia Apgar -- 9.3 Attempts to modify the Apgar-score and completion of the assessment of the newborn -- 10 Neonatological part of perinatal medicine -- 10.1 Introduction
10.2 Resuscitation -- 10.2.1 Precursors in the eighteenth and nineteenth century -- 10.2.2 Beginnings of current neonatal resuscitation practices -- 10.2.3 "Alternative" approaches -- 10.2.4 Scientific comparison of different methods -- 10.2.5 Supplementary oxygen -- 10.2.6 Refilling anesthetic bag -- 10.2.7 Change in pressure limiting valves -- 10.2.8 Later developments and recommendations -- 10.3 Mechanical ventilation -- 10.3.1 Intermittent positive airway pressure -- 10.3.2 Negative external inhalation -- 10.3.3 Bronchopulmonary dysplasia -- 10.3.4 Outcomes of mechanical ventilation -- 10.3.5 Altering inflation times and rates -- 10.3.6 Later developments -- 10.4 Exogenous surfactant therapy -- 10.4.1 Physiological background -- 10.4.2 Identification of the chemical structure of surfactant -- 10.4.3 Methods for assessing surfactant -- 10.4.4 Hormones and the surfactant system -- 10.4.5 Surfactant therapy -- 10.5 Conclusions -- 11 History of clinical structures and development of the Perinatal Care System -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Historical precursors of a structural reform -- 11.2.1 The need for the establishment of antenatal care at the end of the 19th century -- 11.2.2 John William Ballantyne’s plea for a pro-maternity hospital -- 11.3 Erich Saling' s proposals for reforms in obstetrics: Early attempts to a structural reform -- 11.4 International developments as the answer to Saling' s proposals -- 11.5 Later developments and evolution of an integrative Perinatal Care System -- 12 History of first activities such as training, publications, foundation of very first congresses and societies -- 12.1 New section in medicine: First activities -- 12.2 First local educational activities -- 12.3 Later developments -- 13 History of the International Academy of Perinatal Medicine (IAPM) -- 13.1 Introduction -- 13.2 The first steps
13.3 The roots of the Academy -- 13.4 Foundation of the IAPM -- 13.5 Identity, mission, and objectives of IAPM -- 13.5.1 Mission -- 13.5.2 Objectives of the IAPM -- 13.6 Activities of the IAPM -- Index of Names and cited Authors -- Subject Index
Since the beginnings of perinatal medicine, this new medical field of applied medicine changed the mother-oriented to a mother and embryo/fetal oriented obstetrics. This scientific development, DRIVEN by experts all over the world, is important for the care of mothers, fetusses, AND neonates globally. This book series aims to explain special areas of perinatal medicine from different scientists with their special points of view
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Saling, Erich The Beginnings of Perinatal Medicine Berlin/Boston : De Gruyter, Inc.,c2014 9783110317909
Subject Perinatology -- History
Electronic books
Alt Author äger, Monika
Stupin, Jens H
Staff, International Academy of Perinatal Medicine
Record:   Prev Next