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Author Tsori, Yoav
Title Polymers, Liquids and Colloids in Electric Fields : Interfacial Instabilites, Orientation and Phase Transitions
Imprint Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, 2009
©2009
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (294 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Series in Soft Condensed Matter Ser. ; v.2
Series in Soft Condensed Matter Ser
Note Contents -- Foreword -- Preface -- Chapter 1 The Phenomenology of Modulated Phases: From Magnetic Solids and Fluids to Organic Films and Polymers D. Andelman and R. E. Rosensweig -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Domains in Magnetic Solids -- 3. Domains in Two-Dimensional Ferromagnetic Layers -- 4. Dipolar Langmuir Films -- 5. Magnetic Garnet Films -- 5.1. Phase transitions -- 6. Mesomagnetism and Nanomagnetism -- 7. Ferrofluids and Other Dispersions of Magnetic Particles -- 7.1. Modulation of ferrofluid interfaces -- 7.1.1. Normal field instability -- 7.1.2. More recent work -- 7.1.3. Labyrinthine instability in polarized fluids -- 7.1.4. Applications -- 7.2. Phase transitions in ferrofluids -- 7.3. Modulation of embedded objects -- 7.3.1. Phase change model and alignment of particles -- 7.3.2. Normal and inverse magnetorheological fluids -- 7.3.3. Magnetic trapping of light -- 7.3.4. Modulation of a nanoparticle cloud -- 7.3.5. Magnetically stabilized fluidized bed (MSB) -- 7.3.6. Other related phenomena -- 8. Block Copolymers -- 8.1. Modulated periodicity in BCP -- 8.2. Orientation of anisotropic phases by an electric field -- 8.3. Phase transitions induced by electric fields -- 9. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 2 Solvation Effects of Ions and Ionic Surfactants in Polar Fluids A. Onuki -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Ginzburg-Landau Theory -- 2.1. Solvation interaction -- 2.2. Image interaction -- 2.3. Amphiphilic interaction -- 3. Structure Factor of Composition and Interactions Among Ions in One-Phase States -- 3.1. Composition uctuations and mesoscopic phase -- 3.2. Effective interaction among charged particles -- 4. Equilibrium Conditions in One-Dimensional Cases and Surface Tension -- 4.1. Two species of ions -- 4.2. Three species of ions -- 4.3. Surface tension -- 5. Numerical Results of Ion Distributions
5.1. Including solvation and image interactions -- 5.2. Including amphiphilic interaction in addition to solvation and image interactions -- 6. Summary and Remarks -- References -- Chapter 3 Change of Critical Mixing Temperature in a Uniform Electric Field K. Orzechowski -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Shift of Tc under the Uniform Electric Field. Theoretical Predictions -- 3. Shift of Tc under the Uniform Electric Field. Experimental Results -- 3.1. Direct measurements of Tc(E) shift -- 3.2. Tc(E) shift deduced from electric permittivity anomaly -- 4. Possible Reasons for Discrepancy between Predicted and Measured Shift of the Critical Temperature -- 5. Conclusions and Outlook -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 4 Electrohydrodynamic Instabilities of Thin Liquid Films T. P. Russell and J. Bae -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Instabilities on Liquid/Air Interfaces - Single Layer -- 3. Instabilities on Liquid/Liquid/Air Interfaces - Double Layer -- 4. Pattern Formation in Thin Polymer Films under Electric Field -- 5. Electrohydrodynamic Instabilities with Patterned Electrode -- 6. Theoretical Approaches to Electrohydrodynamic Instabilities -- 7. Block Copolymers under Electric Field: Electrohydrodynamic Instabilities and Microdomain Orientation -- References -- Chapter 5 Electrowetting: The External Switch on the Wettability and Its Applications For Manipulating Drops F. Mugele -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Origin of the Electrowetting Effect -- 2.1. Historical background -- 2.2. Modern electrowetting -- 3. Physical Challenges of EW Applications -- 4. Current Examples of Research on EW-Driven Drop Dynamics -- 4.1. Contact angle hysteresis in AC and DC electrowetting -- 4.2. Oil film entrapment and break-up in ambient oil -- Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References
Chapter 6 Phase Separation and Morphology of Polymer Mixtures Driven by Light Q. Tran-Cong-Miyata and H. Nakanishi -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Fundamental Aspects of Phase Separation -- 2.1. Non-reacting systems -- 2.2. Reacting systems -- 3. Phase Separation of Polymer Blends Induced by Photo- chemical Reactions -- 3.1. Significance of photochemical reactions -- 3.2. Design of hierarchical morphology by using competing interactions in polymeric systems -- 3.3. Controlling phase separation of polymer blends by using temporal and spatial modulation -- 3.3.1. Morphology design by irradiation with spatial modulation -- 3.3.2. Morphology design by using irradiation with temporal modulation -- 3.3.3. Spatially graded morphology designed by using strong light intensity -- 3.3.4. Morphology with an arbitrary distribution of characteristic length scales designed by photochemical reactions: The computer-assisted irradiation (CAI) method -- 3.3.5. Reversible phase separation of polymer blends driven by two UV wavelengths: E ects of reaction-induced deformation on morphology -- 4. Concluding Remarks -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 7 Thermodynamics and the Phase Diagrams of Block Copolymers in Electric Fields M. Schick -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Review of Basic Electrostatics in Polarizable Materials -- 3. Basic Thermodynamics -- 4. Electric Field Induced Bulk Phase Transition -- 5. Basic Surface Thermodynamics -- 6. Electric Field Induced Surface Phase Transition -- Acknowledgment -- References -- Chapter 8 Orienting and Tuning Block Copolymer Nanostructures with Electric Fields A. Boeker and K. Schmidt -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Experimental -- 2.1. Synthesis -- 2.2. Sample preparation and capacitor setup -- 2.3. Synchrotron small-angle X-ray scattering -- 2.4. Data evaluation -- 2.5. Computer simulation
3. On the Physical Origin of Block Copolymer Alignment -- 3.1. Scaling behavior -- 3.2. Computer simulations -- 3.3. Estimation of the threshold electric fields -- 3.4. Kinetics in a.c. electric fields -- 4. Tuning the Periodicity of Block Copolymer Microdomains with Electric Fields -- 4.1. Effect of an electric field on the polymer chains -- 4.2. Inuence of different physical parameters -- 4.3. Kinetic measurements -- 5. Outlook -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 9 Block Copolymers Under An Electric Field: A Dynamic Density Functional Approach A. V. Zvelindosky and G. J. A. Sevink -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Model -- 3. Objective of the Study -- 3.1. Systems of interest -- 3.2. Transitions of interest -- 4. Sphere Forming System -- 4.1. Results -- 4.1.1. S-to-C? transition: close to disorder -- 4.1.2. S-to-C? transition: far from disorder -- 4.2. Discussion of the kinetic pathways of S-to-C? transition -- 5. Cylinder Forming System -- 5.1. Results -- 5.1.1. Cjj-to-C? transition: close to spheres -- 5.1.2. Cjj-to-C? transition: close to bicontinuous -- 5.2. Discussion of kinetic pathways of Cjj-to-C? transition -- 6. Lamellae Forming System -- 6.1. Results -- 6.1.1. Ljj-to-L? transition: close to disorder -- 6.1.2. Ljj-to-L?: far from disorder -- 6.2. Discussion of kinetic pathways of Ljj-to-L? transition -- 7. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Index
Key Features:First book dedicated to the effects of electric fields on soft matter systemsEach topic is covered from the point of view of theory, simulation, and experimentChapters are written by renowned world expertsGraduate-level and advanced researcher text with emphasis on the underlying physical mechanisms
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Tsori, Yoav Polymers, Liquids and Colloids in Electric Fields : Interfacial Instabilites, Orientation and Phase Transitions Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd,c2009 9789814271684
Subject Soft condensed matter.;Electric fields
Electronic books
Alt Author Steiner, Ullrich
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