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008    200713s2014    xx      o     ||||0 eng d 
020    9781118799703|q(electronic bk.) 
020    |z9781118799734 
035    (MiAaPQ)EBC1642417 
035    (Au-PeEL)EBL1642417 
035    (CaPaEBR)ebr10845550 
035    (CaONFJC)MIL578592 
035    (OCoLC)871632776 
040    MiAaPQ|beng|erda|epn|cMiAaPQ|dMiAaPQ 
050  4 TJ1077 -- .T67 2014eb 
082 0  621.8/9 
100 1  Torbacke, Marika 
245 10 Lubricants :|bIntroduction to Properties and Performance 
250    1st ed 
264  1 New York :|bJohn Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,|c2014 
264  4 |c©2014 
300    1 online resource (219 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Intro -- Lubricants -- Contents -- Preface -- List of 
       Symbols -- List of Tables -- Part 1 Lubricant Properties -
       - 1 Introduction to Tribology -- 1.1 Tribological Contacts
       -- 1.1.1 Macroscale Contacts -- 1.1.2 Microscale Contacts 
       -- 1.2 Friction -- 1.2.1 The Coefficient of Friction -- 
       1.2.2 Lubrication Regimes -- 1.3 Wear -- 1.3.1 Wear Rate -
       - 1.4 Lubrication of the Tribological System -- 1.4.1 The 
       Purposes of Lubricants -- 1.4.2 Reducing Friction and 
       Protecting against Wear -- 1.4.3 Semi-Solid Lubricants -- 
       1.4.4 Solid Lubricants and Dry Lubricants -- References --
       2 Lubricant Properties -- 2.1 Performance Properties -- 
       2.1.1 Viscosity -- 2.1.2 Low and High Temperature 
       Properties of Lubricants -- 2.1.3 Air and Water 
       Entrainment Properties -- 2.1.4 Thermal Properties -- 2.2 
       Long Life Properties -- 2.2.1 Total Acid Number (TAN) -- 
       2.2.2 Total Base Number (TBN) -- 2.2.3 Oxidation Stability
       -- 2.2.4 Hydrolytic Stability -- 2.2.5 Corrosion 
       Inhibition Properties -- 2.3 Environmental Properties -- 
       2.3.1 Environmentally Adapted Lubricants -- 2.3.2 Market 
       Products with a Reduced Environmental Impact -- 2.4 
       Summary of Analyses -- References -- 3 Base Fluids -- 3.1 
       General Hydrocarbon Chemistry -- 3.2 Base Fluid 
       Categorization -- 3.3 The Refining Process of Crude Oils -
       - 3.3.1 The Refining Process -- 3.3.2 Influence of the 
       Refining Process on the Oil Properties -- 3.4 Base Fluids 
       Originating from Crude Oil -- 3.4.1 Paraffinic Base Oils -
       - 3.4.2 Naphthenic Base Oils -- 3.4.3 White Oils -- 3.4.4 
       Very High Viscosity Index Base Oils -- 3.4.5 
       Polyalphaolefins -- 3.4.6 Gas-to-Liquid Base Fluids -- 
       3.4.7 Re-Refined Base Oils -- 3.5 Base Fluids Originating 
       from Renewable Raw Materials -- 3.5.1 Vegetable Oils 
       (Natural Esters) -- 3.5.2 Synthetic Esters -- 3.6 
       Nonconventional Synthetic Base Fluids -- 3.7 Properties of
       Base Fluids -- References -- 4 Additives 
505 8  4.1 Fundamental Concepts and Processes -- 4.1.1 Atoms and 
       Reactions -- 4.1.2 Intermolecular Forces -- 4.1.3 Chemical
       Potential -- 4.1.4 Surfaces -- 4.1.5 Mass Transfer -- 
       4.1.6 Adsorption -- 4.1.7 Chemical Characteristics of 
       Surface Active Additives -- 4.2 Additive Exploration -- 
       4.3 Surface Active Adsorbing Additives -- 4.3.1 Corrosion 
       Inhibitors -- 4.3.2 Friction Modifiers -- 4.3.3 Antiwear 
       Additives -- 4.3.4 Extreme Pressure Additives -- 4.3.5 
       Activation of Antiwear and Extreme Pressure Additives -- 
       4.3.6 Competition for Surface Sites by Surface Active 
       Additives -- 4.4 Interfacial Surface Active Additives -- 
       4.4.1 Defoamers -- 4.4.2 Emulsifiers and Demulsifiers -- 
       4.5 Physically Bulk Active Additives -- 4.5.1 Viscosity 
       Modifiers -- 4.5.2 Pour Point Depressants -- 4.5.3 
       Dispersants -- 4.6 Chemically Bulk Active Additives -- 
       4.6.1 Detergents -- 4.6.2 Antioxidants -- 4.7 Additive 
       Summary -- References -- Part 2 Lubricant Performance -- 5
       Formulating Lubricants -- 5.1 General Aspects of 
       Development -- 5.1.1 Formulations -- 5.1.2 Development 
       Work -- 5.1.3 Material Compatibility -- 5.1.4 Miscibility 
       -- 5.1.5 Interactions in a Lubricated Contact -- 5.2 
       Quality of the Lubricated Tribological Contact -- 5.2.1 
       Lubricant Film Regime -- 5.2.2 Maintaining a High Quality 
       Contact -- 5.3 Hydraulics -- 5.3.1 Description of a 
       Hydraulic System -- 5.3.2 Formulating Hydraulic Oils -- 
       5.4 Gears -- 5.4.1 Description of Gears -- 5.4.2 
       Formulating Gear Oils -- 5.5 Combustion Engines -- 5.5.1 
       Description of Combustion Engines -- 5.5.2 Formulating 
       Combustion Engine Oils -- References -- 6 Tribological 
       Test Methods -- 6.1 Field, Bench and Component Tests -- 
       6.2 Model Tests -- 6.2.1 Strategy for Selecting and 
       Planning a Model Test -- 6.3 Lubricant Film Thickness 
       Measurements -- 6.3.1 Electrical Methods -- 6.3.2 Optical 
       Interferometry Method 
505 8  6.4 Tribological Evaluation in Mixed and Boundary 
       Lubrication -- 6.4.1 The Pin-on-Disc Tribotest -- 6.4.2 
       The Reciprocating Tribotest -- 6.4.3 The Twin Disc 
       Tribotest -- 6.4.4 The Rotary Tribotest -- 6.5 Selection 
       of Model Tests to Simulate Real Contacts -- 6.5.1 
       Hydraulics -- 6.5.2 Gears -- 6.5.3 Combustion Engines -- 
       6.6 Summary of Tribotest Methods -- References -- 7 
       Lubricant Characterization -- 7.1 General Characterization
       Concepts -- 7.1.1 Planning -- 7.1.2 Basic Mixing Theory --
       7.1.3 Sampling -- 7.1.4 Diluting the Sample -- 7.1.5 
       Collecting Analysis Data -- 7.1.6 Calculations and 
       Evaluation -- 7.2 Condition Analyses of Lubricants -- 7.3 
       Nonused Oil Characterization -- 7.3.1 Development -- 7.3.2
       Production -- 7.3.3 Application Examples -- 7.4 Used Oil 
       Characterization -- 7.4.1 Selection of Analyses -- 7.4.2 
       Analysis Examples of Selected Applications -- 7.5 Summary 
       of Used Oil Analyses -- References -- 8 Surface 
       Characterization -- 8.1 Surface Characterization of Real 
       Components -- 8.1.1 Examination of Nonused Surfaces -- 
       8.1.2 Examination of Used Surfaces -- 8.1.3 
       Characteristics of Application Examples -- 8.2 Microscopy 
       Techniques -- 8.2.1 Visual Inspection -- 8.2.2 Light 
       Optical Microscopy (LOM) -- 8.2.3 Optical Interference 
       Microscopy -- 8.2.4 Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM) -- 8.2.5
       Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) -- 8.2.6 Focused Ion 
       Beam (FIB) -- 8.2.7 Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
       -- 8.3 Surface Measurement -- 8.3.1 Statistical Surface 
       Parameters -- 8.3.2 Contacting Stylus Profiler -- 8.3.3 
       Microscopy Techniques -- 8.4 Hardness Measurement -- 8.4.1
       Macro and Micro Hardness -- 8.4.2 Nanoindentation -- 8.5 
       Surface Analysis Techniques -- 8.5.1 Selected Methods -- 
       8.5.2 Analysis Performance Parameters and Terminology -- 
       8.5.3 Depth Profiling and Chemical Mapping -- 8.5.4 Energy
       Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (EDS) 
505 8  8.5.5 Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) -- 8.5.6 X-Ray 
       Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS) -- 8.5.7 Secondary Ion 
       Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) -- 8.5.8 Fourier Transform 
       Infrared Spectroscopy -- 8.6 Summary of Surface 
       Characterization Methods -- 8.6.1 Microscopy and Surface 
       Measurement -- 8.6.2 Surface Analysis -- References -- 
       Index -- Supplemental Images 
520    Those working with tribology often have a background in 
       mechanical engineering, while people working with 
       lubricant development have a chemistry/chemical 
       engineering background. This means they have a tradition 
       of approaching problems in different ways. Today's product
       development puts higher demands on timing and quality, 
       requiring collaboration between people with different 
       backgrounds. However, they can lack understanding of each 
       other's challenges as well as a common language, and so 
       this book aims to bridge the gap between these two areas. 
       Lubricants: Introduction to Properties and Performance 
       provides an easy to understand overview of tribology and 
       lubricant chemistry. The first part of the book is 
       theoretical and provides an introduction to tribological 
       contact, friction, wear and lubrication, as well as the 
       basic concepts regarding properties and the most commonly 
       made analyses on lubricants. Base fluids and their 
       properties and common additives used in lubricants are 
       also covered. The second part of the book is hands-on and 
       introduces the reader to the actual formulations and the 
       evaluation of their performance. Different applications 
       and their corresponding lubricant formulations are 
       considered and tribological test methods are 
       discussed. Finally used oil characterisation and surface 
       characterisation are covered which give the reader an 
       introduction to different methods of characterising used 
       oils and surfaces, respectively. Key features: Combines 
       chemistry and tribology of lubricants into one unified 
       approach Covers the fundamental theory, describing 
       lubricant properties as well as base fluids and additives 
       Contains practical information on the formulations of 
       lubricants and evaluates their performance Considers 
       applications of lubricants in hydraulics, gears and 
       combustion engines Lubricants: Introduction to Properties 
       and Performance 
520 8  is a comprehensive reference for industry practitioners 
       (tribologists, lubricant technicians, and lubricant 
       chemists, etc) and is also an excellent source of 
       information for graduate and undergraduate students 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 Lubrication and lubricants 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Kassfeldt, Elisabet 
700 1  Rudolphi, �sa Kassman 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aTorbacke, Marika|tLubricants : 
       Introduction to Properties and Performance|dNew York : 
       John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2014|z9781118799734 
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