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Author Abbott, Sally
Title Food security, vulnerability, and recovery; the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia
book jacket
Descript 180 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-07, Section: B, page: 4182
Adviser: Peter Walker
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Tufts University, Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, 2010
On December 26th, 2004 a tsunami struck the shore of Sumatra near the city of Banda Aceh, Indonesia. This natural disaster was devastating in its impact and scope, killing nearly 280,000 people in 14 countries. A natural disaster is not just the result of a natural hazard, such as a tsunami, earthquake or drought, but also a product of the social, political and economic environment. An increasing number of people are affected by natural disasters each year. Within poor countries, households already vulnerable to food and livelihood insecurity face shocks with detrimental consequences to their long-term well being. This dissertation uses both quantitative and qualitative methodology to analyze three important research questions pertaining to food insecurity and the recovery of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia
The first paper uses survey data pre and post-tsunami to examine the geographical increases in food insecurity. Using logistic regression, we show the odds of being food insecure was higher after compared to before the tsunami. This is true for both directly and indirectly affected areas. Although this increase in food insecurity was no higher in directly affected areas than indirectly affected areas, households in directly affected areas received the majority of aid. If actual need had been the key criterion for aid, then aid should have been distributed among both directly and indirectly affected areas to combat the secondary effects of the disaster
The second paper uses both quantitative and qualitative research methods to identify determinants of food insecurity and analyze change across time. Using logistic regression, we found no change in identified determinants of food security one year before compared to one year after the tsunami. We also conducted focus groups four and a half years following the tsunami on food and livelihood security across different stages of the tsunami and recovery. We asked participants to identify categories of households who were richer or poorer, and if these groups had changed across time. We found consistent evidence in both the quantitative and qualitative results, pointing to a number of indicators of richer and poorer groups. Although there were changes in who fell into the poor and rich categories, the indicators did not change across time. At all time periods, having a secure livelihood was key to maintaining food security
The third paper uses qualitative focus groups data to examine the concept of "build back better" from the perspective of those most affected by the tsunami. We discuss the concept of "build back better" in a disaster setting, and present the scale of the recovery effort and changes to the economy. We then analyze the experiences of tsunami survivors. Results suggest that: root causes of vulnerability were not addressed; voices of the tsunami survivors were not heard; more households are struggling after than prior to the tsunami; and those who began to recover could not sustain a new shock. We recommend that future disaster responses expand the timeframe for the reconstruction and incorporate time to listen and work with communities
School code: 1546
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 71-07B
Subject Sociology, Theory and Methods
Economics, General
Health Sciences, Nutrition
Alt Author Tufts University, Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy
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