LEADER 00000nam  2200349   4500 
001    AAI3415787 
005    20111103085905.5 
008    111103s2010    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9781124102108 
035    (UMI)AAI3415787 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Johnecheck, Wendy A 
245 10 Political, economic and international legal aspects of the
       US country of origin labeling legislation 
300    203 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-
       07, Section: A, page: 2638 
500    Adviser: Patrick Webb 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Tufts University, Gerald J. and Dorothy R.
       Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy, 2010 
520    This dissertation examines various aspects of the United 
       States legislation mandating that retailers provide 
       consumers with information on the national origin of their
       food. Essay I provides an overview of the statutory and 
       regulatory authority governing origin requirements for 
       food products in the U.S. Essay II uses a two-country, 
       comparative static partial equilibrium model to simulate 
       the ex-ante market and welfare outcomes of US country-of-
       origin labeling for a significant market---the US-Mexico 
       fresh tomato trade. Mexican tomato exports decline in both
       price and quantity, with corresponding increases for US 
       production and prices in all scenarios where consumers 
       show a relative preference for US tomatoes. Mexican trade 
       losses using low to mid-range consumer preference 
       assumptions are between 16 and 32 percent of the value of 
       Mexican tomato exports to the US, and 1 to 3 percent of 
       the total value of agricultural produce exports, partially
       negating the market access gains resulting from NAFTA and 
       WTO commitments.  Essay III uses the recently initiated 
       United States - Certain Country of Origin Labeling 
       Requirements WTO dispute as a case study to examine the 
       nature of the relationship between consumer information 
       labeling regulatory measures and the applicable WTO 
       provisions disciplining domestic regulation. For each 
       relevant provision, the paper discusses a range of 
       possible legal tests that may be applied to the US COOL 
       measure. This set of judicial tests is also used to 
       explore the impact of various legal outcomes on the 
       balance of power between domestic and international 
       regulatory authority. The case study reveals that WTO law 
       does not categorically prohibit genuinely motivated 
       consumer information labeling measures. The treatment of 
       measures motivated by both consumer and producer interests
       (such as the US-COOL regulation), however, remains 
       unclear. Further, given that many of the relevant legal 
       provisions are largely untested, the legal outcome for 
       both partially and genuinely motivated consumer choice 
       measures is far from certain, and is equally likely to 
       produce a finding of non-compliance with WTO obligations. 
       In light of this uncertainty, the paper concludes by 
       elucidating various issues critical to whether consumer 
       information labeling policies are judged compliant with 
       WTO obligations 
590    School code: 1546 
650  4 Law 
650  4 Economics, Agricultural 
650  4 Political Science, International Law and Relations 
690    0398 
690    0503 
690    0616 
710 2  Tufts University, Gerald J. and Dorothy R. Friedman School
       of Nutrition Science and Policy 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g71-07A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/