Record 2 of 2
Record:   Prev Next
Author Albert, Janice Lee
Title Labeling of genetically modified foods: Stakeholder perceptions of the Food and Drug Administration's public consultation processes and food industry reactions to the United States voluntary and European Union mandatory policies
book jacket
Descript 217 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-10, Section: B, page: 6401
Adviser: Beatrice L. Rogers
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Tufts University, 2007
Genetically modified (GM) foods are widely used in the United States of America (US); however, many consumers are unaware that they are consuming GM foods. Food labeling to inform consumers that a product is GM or is not GM has been proposed to reduce the information asymmetry between sellers and buyers. The guidance for industry for voluntary labeling of GM and non-GM foods proposed by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 2001 was the main focus of the research. The European Union's (EU) 2003 regulation for mandatory labeling of GM foods was also analyzed
Representatives of the biotechnology industry, conventional and organic farmers, food manufacturers, critics of agricultural biotechnology and consumer rights advocates, as well as US officials and researchers, were interviewed from May 2003-April 2004. Their views about labeling policies were compared with official records and research about consumer perceptions of GM foods and labeling
As required by law, FDA held public meetings and obtained public comments to inform citizens and enable them to express their views about the proposed labeling policy. Stakeholder perceptions of these consultation procedures were the topic of one paper. Some stakeholder groups perceived the procedures to be flawed. The study concluded that the technical and legal parameters for labeling in the US were misunderstood by some stakeholders, leading to ineffective use of the procedures
The food industry's reactions to the US and EU labeling policies were the topic of another paper. Food companies viewed disclosure of information about GM foods and non-GM foods as business risks in markets where consumers were skeptical about GM foods. In the US, food producers did not voluntarily label their products as containing GM ingredients. In the EU, they avoided mandatory labeling by using non-GM ingredients. Neither labeling policy was enabling consumers to express their preferences through informed purchasing decisions; thus the market was not functioning to serve both sellers and buyers. Contrary to the view that labeling can help to resolve a controversy by allowing individual consumers to make choices, the study demonstrated that controversies over GM technology prevent the implementation of food labeling policies
School code: 0234
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 68-10B
Subject Agriculture, Food Science and Technology
Alt Author Tufts University. Food Policy & Applied Nutrition
Record 2 of 2
Record:   Prev Next