LEADER 00000nam  2200361   4500 
001    AAI3125653 
005    20051203080711.5 
008    051203s2004                        eng d 
020    049672942X 
035    (UnM)AAI3125653 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Wieselman Schulman, Bari 
245 12 A crosslinguistic investigation of the speech-gesture 
       relationship in motion event descriptions 
300    101 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-
       03, Section: B, page: 1574 
500    Adviser:  Susan Goldin-Meadow 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Chicago, 2004 
520    It has long been observed that humans gesture when they 
       speak. Following McNeill's (1992, 2000) proposal that 
       speech and gesture form an integrated system and should be
       studied together, the current study aims to expand what we
       know about the relationship between the two modalities. 
       Research on lexicalization patterns has shown that 
       different languages carve up the world in different ways 
       (e.g., Talmy 1985). Recent studies of spoken narrative 
       suggest that these structural differences between 
       languages and the resultant variation in lexicalization 
       patterns might differentially impact the attention given 
       to three key elements of a motion event---path, manner, 
       and ground---and influence online speaking patterns 
       (Slobin 2003, in press). In keeping with this work and 
       with a growing body of gesture research which suggests 
       that the spontaneous gestures that accompany speech may 
       also differ crosslinguistically (e.g., McNeill 1998; 
       Ozyurek, McNeill, and Kita 1999; McNeill and Duncan 2000),
       the present work aims to investigate these differences by 
       examining both speech and gesture patterns in the motion 
       event descriptions of adult monolingual and bilingual 
       speakers of English and Spanish 
520    Participants watched video clips containing various motion
       events and described the events to an experimenter. 
       Findings suggest that the monolingual groups display 
       distinct distribution patterns in terms of motion event 
       element encoding when the modalities are viewed together, 
       and when viewed apart, their gesture patterns mirror their
       speech patterns. Interestingly, in both languages, the 
       bilingual speakers display a distribution much like that 
       of the monolingual Spanish speakers when the modalities 
       are examined together, but show a speech-gesture 
       disconnect when the modalities are viewed separately. Here,
       their speech patterns mirror those of the Spanish 
       monolinguals, but their gesture patterns more closely 
       mirror those of the English monolinguals. It seems that 
       being bilingual is more than simply carrying two 
       independent languages in one mind and switching between 
       language-specific patterns depending on which language is 
       in use. It may involve grappling with both patterns during
       online communication. It seems clear that the language in 
       use cannot wholly override native patterns and that native
       patterns are not so pervasive as to be the only option 
590    School code: 0330 
590    DDC 
650  4 Psychology, Cognitive 
650  4 Psychology, Developmental 
650  4 Speech Communication 
690    0633 
690    0620 
690    0459 
710 20 The University of Chicago 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g65-03B 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
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