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100 1  Wieseke, Ann W 
245 12 A test of Bandura's social cognitive theory: Predicting 
       exercise behavior 
300    262 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 54-
       02, Section: B, page: 0748 
500    Chairperson: Jan Beckstrand 
502    Thesis (D.N.S.)--Indiana University School of Nursing, 
520    Engaging in regular exercise is a factor in illness 
       prevention, illness management, and health promotion. The 
       purpose of this study was to examine whether efficacy 
       expectations, outcome expectations, and emotional arousal,
       concepts from the Social Cognitive Theory, significantly 
       predicted exercise behavior of nurses. Exercise was 
       defined by the parameters of frequency, duration, and 
520    The sample consisted of 215 registered nurses who were 
       currently exercising and employed at seven area 
       institutions. Demographic information was also gathered 
       from a group of registered nurses (n = 192) employed at 
       the same institutions who did not currently exercise to 
       allow for comparison with the exercising respondents on 
       extraneous variables 
520    The Modified Self-Care Behavior Instrument was explored 
       using factor analysis with both alpha and principal 
       components extractions. Two distinct factors, that could 
       be identified as efficacy expectations and outcome 
       expectations, accounted for 24.7% and 7.1%, respectively, 
       of the variance in the data. Internal consistency 
       reliabilities, examined using Cronbach's alpha, were 
       estimated as.92 and.75 for the efficacy expectations and 
       the outcome expectations scales, respectively 
520    Intervening variables of age, weight, height, and gender 
       did not appear to influence the independent or dependent 
       variables. Significant findings based on groups defined by
       employing institution were found and the meaning of the 
       findings needs to be investigated further 
520    Standard multiple regression analyses indicated that 
       efficacy expectations predicted a small amount of variance
       in the single parameters of exercise, frequency, duration,
       and intensity, but were a stronger predictor of a combined
       indicator of exercise. Efficacy expectations predicted 
       twelve percent of the variance in the combined exercise 
       behavior score 
520    This study provided empirical support for efficacy 
       expectations predicting exercise activity as proposed in 
       Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory. The lack of significant
       findings related to outcome expectations may reflect the 
       multidimensional nature of the concept or the lack of 
       outcome specificity in the instrument items 
590    School code: 0815 
650  4 Psychology, Social 
650  4 Health Sciences, Nursing 
650  4 Health Sciences, Public Health 
690    0451 
690    0569 
690    0573 
710 2  Indiana University School of Nursing 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g54-02B 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/