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Author Cyffer, Norbert
Title Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond
Imprint Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 2009
©2009
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (377 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond -- Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of contents -- Introduction -- Genealogy and areality -- The geographical areas -- References -- Negation of non-indicative mood in Hausa, Fulfulde and Kanuri -- Introduction -- 1. Hausa -- 2. Fulfulde -- 3. Kanuri -- 4. Conclusions -- References -- Abbreviations -- The impact of clause types and focus control, aspect, modality, and referentiality on negation in Lamang and Hdi (Central Chadic) -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Clause types and focus control -- 3. Inventory and types of negation -- 4. Negation under the impact of clause types, aspectuality and focus -- 4.1 The simple clause negation in Lamang -- 4.2 The [+focus] cases of (verbo-)nominal predicates -- 4.3 The [-focus] cases of (verbo-) nominal predicates -- 5. Negation and verbless clauses -- 6. Negation and modality -- 6.1 Imperative mood -- 6.2 Subjunctive mood -- 6.3 Prohibitive mood -- 7. "without" -- 8. Negative tagging -- 9. Negation and referentiality -- 9.1 The notion of referentiality in Central Chadic languages -- 9.2 Negation, referentiality, and aspectuality -- 9.3 Referentiality and prohibitive mood -- 10. Summary and conclusion -- References -- Abbreviations -- Quantification and polarity -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Negative intensifiers of time -- 3. Negative intensifiers of degree -- 4. Summary -- References -- Negation patterns in Kanuri -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Short typology of Kanuri negation patterns -- 3. Verb negation -- 3.1 Negative Perfective -- 3.1.1 Stative verbs -- 3.2 Negative Potential -- 3.3 Negative Imperfect -- 3.3.1 Development of a Negative Imperfective -- 3.4 Negative Command -- 3.5 Observations on negation in the TAM system -- Negation of Type A -- Negation of Type B -- 4. 'There is not', 'Not have' -- 5. Questions -- 5.1 Qu-word questions
6. Nominal sentences -- 7. Indefinite pronouns -- 8. Focus and negation -- 9. Saharan languages -- 10. Resumé -- References -- Abbreviations -- Songhay verbal negation in its dialectal and areal context -- References -- Negation in Jukun* -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The recapitulating pronoun and the ICP -- 3. Negation patterns -- 3.1 Hone -- 3.1.1 Verb negation -- 3.1.2 Object negation -- 3.1.3 Negation of the noun phrase -- 3.1.4 Modals -- 3.1.5 Overview -- 4. Focus, negation and subject agreement: Historical considerations -- References -- Abbreviations -- Negation marking in Igbo -- Introduction -- 1. The morpho-syntactic characteristics of negation -- 1.1 The use of negative inflectional affixes -- 1.1.1 The general negative marker -- 1.1.2 The negative perfective verb form -- 1.1.3 The negative anticipative verb form -- 1.1.4 The negative habitual verb form -- 1.1.5 The negative imperative -- 1.2 Negative auxiliary verbs -- 1.3 Tonal characteristics of negative constructions -- 1.4 Negation and focus -- 2. Conclusion -- References -- Abbreviations -- Aspects of discontinuous negation in Santome* -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The negation cycle in the Gulf of Guinea Creoles -- 3. Negation in Santome -- 3.1 Preverbal negation markers -- 3.2 Syntactic distribution of Neg2 -- 3.2.1 Simplex sentences -- 3.2.2 Complex sentences -- Embedding with Neg2 in sentence final position -- Embedding with Neg2 in clause-final position -- 3.3 Contexts without Neg2 -- 3.4 Contexts without Neg1 -- 4. Other negative environments -- 4.1 Items that do not license NegP -- 4.2 N-words -- Negative quantifiers -- Minimizers -- 4.3 Negative coordination -- 5. Findings and final remarks -- References -- Negation in Gur -- Introduction -- 0.1 Aims, scope, sample, state of research -- 1. Copula constructions
2. The structure of negated verbal phrases and the form of negative morphemes -- 2.1 Pre-verbal negation morphemes -- 2.2 Sentence final negation markers -- 2.3 Verb final markers -- 3. Negation and perfectivity -- 3.1 Perfective verb stems in negated sentences -- 3.2 Special markers for negation of the perfective aspect -- 4. Negation and word order -- 4.1 Word order of object and verb -- 4.2 Word order of negative and tense/mood particles -- 4.3 Others -- 5. Semantic content of the pre-verbal negation particles -- 5.1 Aspectual meaning -- 5.2 Temporal meaning -- 5.3 Modal meaning -- 6. Lexically bound expressions -- 7. Conclusion -- References -- 8. Appendix -- 8.1 Abbreviations -- 8.2 Affirmative and negated paradigms of single languages -- 8.2.1 Bago (Kusuntu) (Kleinewillinghöfer, p.c.) -- 8.2.2. Buli (Schwarz 1999/2000, p.c.) -- 8.2.3 Cεfà (Winkelmann 1998) -- 8.2.4 Jaane (Labouret 1958, Kam 1979, Miehe MS) -- 8.2.5 K5aansa (Miehe MS) -- 8.2.6. KabIyε (Lebikaza 1985) -- 8.2.7. KasIm (Bonvini 1990, Zwernemann 1957) -- 8.2.8. Lama (Prost 1964) -- 8.2.9. Pana (Beyer 2000) -- 8.2.10. Tem (Tchagbalé 1998a) -- 8.2.11 Viemo (Winkelmann MS) -- 8.2.12. Winyε (Prost 1972a, Sawadogo 2001) -- 8.3 Languages of the sample and classification of Gur languages -- Double negation-marking -- Introduction -- 1. Double negation-marking and focus -- 1.1 The relation between negation and focus revisited -- 1.2 Negation and emphasis in other languages -- 2. Double negation-marking in a wider perspective -- 2.1 Occurrences in Gur languages -- 2.2 The connection to Mande -- 2.3 Double negation-marking in Kru and Kwa languages -- 3. Double negation-marking and contact-induced grammaticalization -- References -- Abbreviations -- From double negation to portmanteau -- Introduction -- 1. Sentence negation in Mande and Northern Samo
2. Some thoughts on the possible historical development of negation in Northern Samo -- 3. Resumé of the development of negated sentences in Northern Samo -- References -- Abbreviations -- The system of negation in Berber -- Introduction -- 1. Non-verbal negation -- 1.1 Identificational and existential negations -- 1.2 Functions -- 1.3. Semantics -- 2. Verbal negation -- 2.1 Markers -- 2.1.1 Wәr, Wәl, Wә -- 2.1.2 Derived markers -- 2.1.3 Clitic movement -- 2.1.4 The negative participle -- 2.1.5 Reinforcement particles -- 2.1.5.1 Etymology -- 2.1.5.2 Restrictions -- 2.2 Aspect -- 2.2.1 Taqbaylit -- 2.2.2 Other dialects -- Conclusion -- References -- List of abbreviations used in the article -- Verb-object-negative order in central Africa* -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Order of negative word and verb -- 3. Languages with double negation -- 4. The order of postverbal negative words relative to other postverbal constituents -- 5. Distribution of VO&VNeg and VO&NegV in central Africa -- 6. Other types of languages -- 6.1 VO languages with negative affixes and OV languages -- 6.2 VO languages with double negation -- 6.3 OV/VO languages which are VONeg when VO -- 7. Marginal instances of VONeg order -- 8. Other types of languages -- 9. Distribution of types by family -- 9.1 Chadic -- 9.2 Nilo-Saharan -- 9.3 Niger-Congo -- 10. Final question particles -- 11. Clause-final auxiliaries -- 12. Concluding remarks -- References -- Appendix: List of sources for languages cited -- Language index -- Name index -- Subject index -- The series Typological Studies in Language
Crosslinguistically, SVO languages most commonly place negative particles before theverb, employing SNegVO order. This paper documents an area in central Africa whichdeviates from this pattern, in which the negative follows the verb, typically occurringat the end of the clause, in SVONeg order. The languages in which this order is found donot form a natural class genetically, since they belong to three different families:Niger-Congo (including Adamawa-Ubangian, Platoid, northern Bantoid among others),Nilo-Saharan (especially Bongo-Bagirmi, but also Kresh and a few other groups), andAfro-Asiatic (specifically Chadic, but found widely throughout Chadic). The areastretches from Nigeria across to the Central African Republic and down into the northernDemocratic Republic of the Congo
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Cyffer, Norbert Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c2009 9789027206688
Subject African languages -- Africa, West -- Negatives.;Africa, West -- Languages -- Negatives
Electronic books
Alt Author Ebermann, Erwin
Ziegelmeyer, Georg
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