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050  4 PL8017 -- .N45 2009eb 
082 0  496 
100 1  Cyffer, Norbert 
245 10 Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond 
264  1 Amsterdam :|bJohn Benjamins Publishing Company,|c2009 
264  4 |c©2009 
300    1 online resource (377 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Negation Patterns in West African Languages and Beyond -- 
       Editorial page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of 
       contents -- Introduction -- Genealogy and areality -- The 
       geographical areas -- References -- Negation of non-
       indicative mood in Hausa, Fulfulde and Kanuri -- 
       Introduction -- 1. Hausa -- 2. Fulfulde -- 3. Kanuri -- 4.
       Conclusions -- References -- Abbreviations -- The impact 
       of clause types and focus control, aspect, modality, and 
       referentiality on negation in Lamang and Hdi (Central 
       Chadic) -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Clause types and focus 
       control -- 3. Inventory and types of negation -- 4. 
       Negation under the impact of clause types, aspectuality 
       and focus -- 4.1 The simple clause negation in Lamang -- 
       4.2 The [+focus] cases of (verbo-)nominal predicates -- 
       4.3 The [-focus] cases of (verbo-) nominal predicates -- 
       5. Negation and verbless clauses -- 6. Negation and 
       modality -- 6.1 Imperative mood -- 6.2 Subjunctive mood --
       6.3 Prohibitive mood -- 7. "without" -- 8. Negative 
       tagging -- 9. Negation and referentiality -- 9.1 The 
       notion of referentiality in Central Chadic languages -- 
       9.2 Negation, referentiality, and aspectuality -- 9.3 
       Referentiality and prohibitive mood -- 10. Summary and 
       conclusion -- References -- Abbreviations -- 
       Quantification and polarity -- 1. Introduction -- 2. 
       Negative intensifiers of time -- 3. Negative intensifiers 
       of degree -- 4. Summary -- References -- Negation patterns
       in Kanuri -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Short typology of 
       Kanuri negation patterns -- 3. Verb negation -- 3.1 
       Negative Perfective -- 3.1.1 Stative verbs -- 3.2 Negative
       Potential -- 3.3 Negative Imperfect -- 3.3.1 Development 
       of a Negative Imperfective -- 3.4 Negative Command -- 3.5 
       Observations on negation in the TAM system -- Negation of 
       Type A -- Negation of Type B -- 4. 'There is not', 'Not 
       have' -- 5. Questions -- 5.1 Qu-word questions 
505 8  6. Nominal sentences -- 7. Indefinite pronouns -- 8. Focus
       and negation -- 9. Saharan languages -- 10. Resumé -- 
       References -- Abbreviations -- Songhay verbal negation in 
       its dialectal and areal context -- References -- Negation 
       in Jukun* -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The recapitulating 
       pronoun and the ICP -- 3. Negation patterns -- 3.1 Hone --
       3.1.1 Verb negation -- 3.1.2 Object negation -- 3.1.3 
       Negation of the noun phrase -- 3.1.4 Modals -- 3.1.5 
       Overview -- 4. Focus, negation and subject agreement: 
       Historical considerations -- References -- Abbreviations -
       - Negation marking in Igbo -- Introduction -- 1. The 
       morpho-syntactic characteristics of negation -- 1.1 The 
       use of negative inflectional affixes -- 1.1.1 The general 
       negative marker -- 1.1.2 The negative perfective verb form
       -- 1.1.3 The negative anticipative verb form -- 1.1.4 The 
       negative habitual verb form -- 1.1.5 The negative 
       imperative -- 1.2 Negative auxiliary verbs -- 1.3 Tonal 
       characteristics of negative constructions -- 1.4 Negation 
       and focus -- 2. Conclusion -- References -- Abbreviations 
       -- Aspects of discontinuous negation in Santome* -- 1. 
       Introduction -- 2. The negation cycle in the Gulf of 
       Guinea Creoles -- 3. Negation in Santome -- 3.1 Preverbal 
       negation markers -- 3.2 Syntactic distribution of Neg2 -- 
       3.2.1 Simplex sentences -- 3.2.2 Complex sentences -- 
       Embedding with Neg2 in sentence final position -- 
       Embedding with Neg2 in clause-final position -- 3.3 
       Contexts without Neg2 -- 3.4 Contexts without Neg1 -- 4. 
       Other negative environments -- 4.1 Items that do not 
       license NegP -- 4.2 N-words -- Negative quantifiers -- 
       Minimizers -- 4.3 Negative coordination -- 5. Findings and
       final remarks -- References -- Negation in Gur -- 
       Introduction -- 0.1 Aims, scope, sample, state of research
       -- 1. Copula constructions 
505 8  2. The structure of negated verbal phrases and the form of
       negative morphemes -- 2.1 Pre-verbal negation morphemes --
       2.2 Sentence final negation markers -- 2.3 Verb final 
       markers -- 3. Negation and perfectivity -- 3.1 Perfective 
       verb stems in negated sentences -- 3.2 Special markers for
       negation of the perfective aspect -- 4. Negation and word 
       order -- 4.1 Word order of object and verb -- 4.2 Word 
       order of negative and tense/mood particles -- 4.3 Others -
       - 5. Semantic content of the pre-verbal negation particles
       -- 5.1 Aspectual meaning -- 5.2 Temporal meaning -- 5.3 
       Modal meaning -- 6. Lexically bound expressions -- 7. 
       Conclusion -- References -- 8. Appendix -- 8.1 
       Abbreviations -- 8.2 Affirmative and negated paradigms of 
       single languages -- 8.2.1 Bago (Kusuntu) 
       (Kleinewillinghöfer, p.c.) -- 8.2.2. Buli (Schwarz 1999/
       2000, p.c.) -- 8.2.3 Cεfà (Winkelmann 1998) -- 8.2.4 Jaane
       (Labouret 1958, Kam 1979, Miehe MS) -- 8.2.5 K5aansa 
       (Miehe MS) -- 8.2.6. KabIyε (Lebikaza 1985) -- 8.2.7. 
       KasIm (Bonvini 1990, Zwernemann 1957) -- 8.2.8. Lama 
       (Prost 1964) -- 8.2.9. Pana (Beyer 2000) -- 8.2.10. Tem 
       (Tchagbalé 1998a) -- 8.2.11 Viemo (Winkelmann MS) -- 
       8.2.12. Winyε (Prost 1972a, Sawadogo 2001) -- 8.3 
       Languages of the sample and classification of Gur 
       languages -- Double negation-marking -- Introduction -- 1.
       Double negation-marking and focus -- 1.1 The relation 
       between negation and focus revisited -- 1.2 Negation and 
       emphasis in other languages -- 2. Double negation-marking 
       in a wider perspective -- 2.1 Occurrences in Gur languages
       -- 2.2 The connection to Mande -- 2.3 Double negation-
       marking in Kru and Kwa languages -- 3. Double negation-
       marking and contact-induced grammaticalization -- 
       References -- Abbreviations -- From double negation to 
       portmanteau -- Introduction -- 1. Sentence negation in 
       Mande and Northern Samo 
505 8  2. Some thoughts on the possible historical development of
       negation in Northern Samo -- 3. Resumé of the development 
       of negated sentences in Northern Samo -- References -- 
       Abbreviations -- The system of negation in Berber -- 
       Introduction -- 1. Non-verbal negation -- 1.1 
       Identificational and existential negations -- 1.2 
       Functions -- 1.3. Semantics -- 2. Verbal negation -- 2.1 
       Markers -- 2.1.1 Wәr, Wәl, Wә -- 2.1.2 Derived markers -- 
       2.1.3 Clitic movement -- 2.1.4 The negative participle -- 
       2.1.5 Reinforcement particles -- 2.1.5.1 Etymology -- 
       2.1.5.2 Restrictions -- 2.2 Aspect -- 2.2.1 Taqbaylit -- 
       2.2.2 Other dialects -- Conclusion -- References -- List 
       of abbreviations used in the article -- Verb-object-
       negative order in central Africa* -- 1. Introduction -- 2.
       Order of negative word and verb -- 3. Languages with 
       double negation -- 4. The order of postverbal negative 
       words relative to other postverbal constituents -- 5. 
       Distribution of VO&VNeg and VO&NegV in central Africa -- 
       6. Other types of languages -- 6.1 VO languages with 
       negative affixes and OV languages -- 6.2 VO languages with
       double negation -- 6.3 OV/VO languages which are VONeg 
       when VO -- 7. Marginal instances of VONeg order -- 8. 
       Other types of languages -- 9. Distribution of types by 
       family -- 9.1 Chadic -- 9.2 Nilo-Saharan -- 9.3 Niger-
       Congo -- 10. Final question particles -- 11. Clause-final 
       auxiliaries -- 12. Concluding remarks -- References -- 
       Appendix: List of sources for languages cited -- Language 
       index -- Name index -- Subject index -- The series 
       Typological Studies in Language 
520    Crosslinguistically, SVO languages most commonly place 
       negative particles before theverb, employing SNegVO order.
       This paper documents an area in central Africa 
       whichdeviates from this pattern, in which the negative 
       follows the verb, typically occurringat the end of the 
       clause, in SVONeg order. The languages in which this order
       is found donot form a natural class genetically, since 
       they belong to three different families:Niger-Congo 
       (including Adamawa-Ubangian, Platoid, northern Bantoid 
       among others),Nilo-Saharan (especially Bongo-Bagirmi, but 
       also Kresh and a few other groups), andAfro-Asiatic 
       (specifically Chadic, but found widely throughout Chadic).
       The areastretches from Nigeria across to the Central 
       African Republic and down into the northernDemocratic 
       Republic of the Congo 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 African languages -- Africa, West -- Negatives.;Africa, 
       West -- Languages -- Negatives 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Ebermann, Erwin 
700 1  Ziegelmeyer, Georg 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aCyffer, Norbert|tNegation Patterns in 
       West African Languages and Beyond|dAmsterdam : John 
       Benjamins Publishing Company,c2009|z9789027206688 
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