LEADER 00000nam  2200349   4500 
001    AAI3452527 
005    20111028103957.5 
008    111028s2011    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9781124599571 
035    (UMI)AAI3452527 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Zivian, Anna Milena 
245 10 Subnational regulation of genetically modified organisms 
       in the United States and the European Union 
300    517 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-
       06, Section: B, page:  
500    Adviser: Ravi Rajan 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Santa Cruz, 2011
520    A growing global concern for good governance and democracy
       has led to a focus on transparency, more deliberative 
       democracy, and more public involvement in policy 
       decisions. Public input is seen as a means of making 
       better decisions, developing trust, improving 
       representativeness, and increasing legitimacy of 
       decisions. Particularly when issues are complex and 
       uncertain, like biotechnology, there has been a focus on 
       making decision making processes more open and 
       democratizing scientific expertise. There has been an 
       increased focus on decentralization as a way to achieve 
520    This dissertation responds to the increased policy 
       activity at the local level by analyzing subnational 
       governments' actions, their causes, and effects, in the 
       area of GMOs. It approaches these questions by giving a 
       macro-level overview of GMO regulation in Europe and the 
       United States, where GMO politics and policies have taken 
       different tracks at higher levels, but have arisen in 
       quite similar ways at the subnational level. The second 
       part delves farther into the questions raised in the first
       part by comparing case studies from California, Italy, and
       the Network of European GMO-free Regions 
520    Subnational governments worldwide have made efforts to 
       regulate GMOs to try to deal with a wide range of issues, 
       depending on what they saw as potential impacts to their 
       community---or the broader global community---that GMOs 
       could cause. While many of their concerns are related to 
       the more "scientific" issues of human and environmental 
       risk, subnational governments have also acted because of 
       concerns about agronomic effects, socio-economic impacts, 
       and cultural or traditional issues. They have responded to
       controversies in ways national and supranational 
       governments have been less willing or less able to do.  
       (Abstract shortened by UMI.) 
590    School code: 0036 
650  4 Environmental Studies 
650  4 Sociology, Public and Social Welfare 
690    0477 
690    0630 
710 2  University of California, Santa Cruz 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g72-06B 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/