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Author Crisp, Roger, 1961- author
Title Sacrifice regained : morality and self-interest in British moral philosophy from Hobbes to Bentham / Roger Crisp
Imprint Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2019
book jacket
 Euro-Am Studies Lib  170.941 C8687 2019    AVAILABLE  -  30500101571134
 RCHSS Library  BJ602 C75 2019    AVAILABLE    30560400702509
Edition First edition
Descript x, 233 pages ; 24 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Note Includes bibliographical references (pages [207]-230) and index
1. Introduction: The Morality Question -- 2. Hobbes: The Return of Gyges -- 3. More: An Enthusiasm for Virtue -- 4. Cumberland: Divine Utilitarianism -- 5. Locke: The Sanctions of God -- 6. Mandeville: Morality after the Fall -- 7. Shaftesbury: Stoicism and the Art of Virtue -- 8. Butler: The Supremacy of Conscience -- 9. Hutcheson: Impartial Pleasures -- 10. Clarke: Virtue and the Life Hereafter -- 11. Reid: The Goodness of Virtue, and its Limits -- 12. Hume: Morality as Utility -- 13. Smith: The Delusions of Self-love -- 14. Price: Morality as God -- 15. Gay, Tucker, Paley, and Bentham: Variations on the Theme of Happiness
"Does being virtuous make you happy? In this book, Roger Crisp examines the answers to this ancient question provided by the so-called 'British Moralists', from Thomas Hobbes, around 1650, for the next two hundred years, until Jeremy Bentham. This involves elucidating their views on happiness (self-interest, or well-being) and on virtue (or morality), in order to bring out the relation of each to the other. Themes ran through many of these writers: psychological egoism, evaluative hedonism, and - after Hobbes - the acceptance of self-standing moral reasons. But there are exceptions, and even those taking the standard views adopt them for very different reasons and express them in various ways. As the ancients tended to believe that virtue and happiness largely coincide, so these modern authors are inclined to accept posthumous reward and punishment. Both positions sit uneasily with the common-sense idea that a person can truly sacrifice their own good for the sake of morality or for others. Roger Crisp shows that David Hume - a hedonist whose ethics made no appeal to the afterlife - was the first major British moralist to allow for, indeed to recommend, such self-sacrifice. Morality and well-being of course remain central to modern ethics, and Crisp demonstrates how much there is to learn from this remarkable group of philosophers."-- Provided by publisher
Subject Ethics -- Great Britain -- History
Self-interest -- Philosophy
Philosophy, British -- History
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