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Author Lardiero, Carl Joseph
Title The critical patriarchate of Nikephoros of Constantinople (806-815): Religious and secular controversies
Descript 295 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 54-03, Section: A, page: 1059
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Catholic University of America, 1993
Nikephoros, Patriarch of Constantinople from 806 to 815, maintained a consistently moderate position toward those who had subscribed to iconoclasm. He helped formulate the theological position of the iconophiles by composing several theological works and a brief history which covers the period between 602 and 769. In 815, with a resurgence of iconoclasm during the reign of Leon V, Nikephoros was forced to resign. He died in exile in 828
From 784 to 815 Tarasios and Nikephoros governed the church and shared a common view of oikonomia and how it should be applied. In the Simoniac, Moechian and Iconoclast controversies, the patriarchate applied oikonomia in order to achieve the general well-being of the church and state. The council fathers at Nikaia II extended oikonomia to repentant iconoclast bishops and priest, but they rejected the rigorist monks. The empress Eirene, however, pressured Tarasios and the permanent synod to issue a decree reinstating simoniacal bishops. The rigorist monks predictably opposed this application of oikonomia and broke communion with him. In the divorce and remarriage of Konstantinos VI, both patriarchs, at the bidding of the emperor, applied oikonomia and restored Joseph of Kathara to the priesthood. For Tarasios and Nikephoros, bishops possessed the power to economize or relax ecclesiastical law in order to eliminate any obstacle to salvation
With the reemergence of iconoclasm in 815, Nikephoros refused to apply oikonomia in the matter of venerating ikons, since this was a matter of church doctrine. Patriarch Nikephoros became the rallying point of the iconophile cause when he was exiled in 815. With the ascent of Michael II in 820, Nikephoros could have returned to the patriarchal throne if he pledged to the new emperor silence concerning iconoclasm. The patriarch refused, and in exile, Nikephoros continued to be recognized as the true patriarch by iconophiles and especially Theodore of Stoudios. Nikephoros enhanced the synergy among iconophile and sharpened the focus on issues relating to iconoclasm. While patriarch, he defended as legitimate the cooperation between church and state
School code: 0043
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 54-03A
Subject Biography
Religion, History of
History, Medieval
0304
0320
0581
Alt Author The Catholic University of America
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