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Author Skibicky, Uliana V
Title The Impact of Long-Term Exercise on Self-Regulation Capacity and Obesity / Overweight
book jacket
Descript 173 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-02, Section: B, page: 1157
Adviser: Andrea Miller
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Walden University, 2011
The issue of obesity/overweight is a leading public health concern due to its prevalence and associated risk of morbidity and mortality. Researchers have identified self-regulation failure as a primary cause of obesity/overweight and suggest that the solution lies in increasing one's self-regulatory capacity. Conflicting self-regulation theories agree that self-regulation capacity can be increased by engaging in a self-regulatory behavior while avoiding the effects of depletion. Short-term exercise has been associated with enhanced self-regulation; however, the impact of long-term exercise is unknown (one theory predicting depletion, another enhancement). This study investigated the impact of long-term exercise on self-regulation capacity and obesity/overweight status. 153 U.S. adults participated in this quantitative, non-experimental study. It investigated the differences in self-regulation capacity among 4 exercise duration categories (non, early, long-term, and very long-term) in terms of: (a) diet quality as measured by the Healthy Eating Index-2005; (b) eating behaviors as measured by the Eating Attitudes Test-26; and (c) body mass index (BMI). The data were analyzed using MANOVA. Results showed differences in self-regulation capacity among the exercise categories whereby the very long-term exercisers reported the highest diet quality rating and the lowest BMI. In conclusion, long-term exercise was related to: (a) enhanced self-regulation capacity evidenced by improved diet quality and BMI; and (b) an overall reduction in obesity/overweight. The positive social change implications of this study were to improve the success of obesity/overweight treatment and prevention programs by addressing poor self-regulation for more durable weight management, greater physical/emotional health, and reduced medical costs; and to endorse 1 of the 3 conflicting self-regulation theories
School code: 0543
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-02B
Subject Health Sciences, Nutrition
Health Sciences, Public Health
Psychology, Behavioral Sciences
0570
0573
0602
Alt Author Walden University. Psychology
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