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Author Ritz-Deutch, Ute
Title Alberto Vojtech Fric, the German diaspora, and Indian protection in southern Brazil, 1900--1920: A transatlantic ethno-historical case study
book jacket
Descript 290 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 69-05, Section: A, page: 1948
Adviser: Jean Quataert
Thesis (Ph.D.)--State University of New York at Binghamton, 2008
This dissertation is an ethno-historical case study examining the context and discourse involving Indian protection and the German diaspora in southern Brazil at the turn of the twentieth century. It studies the advocacy of Czech ethnologist Alberto Vojtech Fric, who at the Sixteenth International Congress of Americanists in Vienna accused German colonists of hiring Indian hunters (bugreiros) to hunt, kill, and enslave the Xokleng Indians near Blumenau, Santa Catarina. The controversy spilled over to Brazil and subsequently energized Brazilian activists, who framed the debate in opposition to German-born Paulista museum director Hermann von Ihering, his "imported foreign science," and his views regarding the extermination of the Kaingang. Their activism led to the creation of Brazil's Indian Protection Service ( Servico de Protecao aos Indios) in 1910
The coverage in the German-language press that followed Fric's accusations highlights the unwillingness of German ethnologists to publicly oppose atrocities against Indians they were studying. Their goals to remain politically neutral not only speak to the ethical dilemmas of German anthropology but also demonstrate the importance of the German diaspora in southern Brazil to Germans on both sides of the Atlantic. While Germany saw southern Brazil as the place where Germandom abroad could be best preserved, Brazil feared that the so-called German peril posed a threat to the Brazilian nation. The debate over Indian-white conflicts in Santa Catarina is thus an important focal point through which the social and political realities of German Brazilians in the early twentieth century can be understood in transnational terms, and exemplifies the shifts and tensions of the nation building processes in Germany and Brazil
This case is a snapshot---a transatlantic moment---detailing the intersection of individuals and networks surrounding the particular problems of indigenous and immigrant rights. The actors in this transatlantic field---ethnologists, Indians, indigenists, colonists, journalists, professionals, Indian hunters and public officials---all testify to the global interconnectedness of epistemic communities, nation-building processes, economic development, territorial expansion and power politics. It also speaks to the failures of Brazilian governments to protect their indigenous populations, and the difficulties inherent in giving voice to the Xokleng and Kaingang
School code: 0792
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 69-05A
Subject History, European
History, Latin American
History, Modern
Native American Studies
Alt Author State University of New York at Binghamton. History
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