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Author Auzinsh, Marcis
Title Optically Polarized Atoms : Understanding Light-Atom Interactions
Imprint Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2010
©2010
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (389 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Contents -- List of acronyms -- PART I: INTRODUCTION TO LIGHT-ATOM INTERACTIONS -- 1 Introduction -- 1.1 Why was this book written? -- 1.2 How to use this book -- 1.3 Relation to other texts -- 1.4 Formalism of quantum mechanics -- 2 Atomic states -- 2.1 Energy states of the hydrogen atom -- 2.2 Angular momentum of the electron in the hydrogen atom -- 2.3 Multielectron atoms -- 2.4 Hyperfine interactions and hyperfine structure of atomic states -- 2.5 Parity of atomic states -- 3 A bit of angular-momentum theory -- 3.1 Classical rotations -- 3.2 Quantum-mechanical rotations -- 3.3 The angular-momentum operator -- 3.4 Rotations in the Zeeman basis -- 3.5 Addition of angular momenta -- Clebsch-Gordan coefficients -- 3.6 3j and 6 j symbols -- 3.7 Irreducible tensors and tensor products -- 3.8 The Wigner-Eckart theorem -- 4 Atoms in external electric and magnetic fields -- 4.1 Linear Zeeman effect -- 4.2 Zeeman effect in the manifold of hyperfine levels, Breit-Rabi diagrams -- 4.3 Atoms in an electric field: the Stark effect -- 4.4 Combined effect of electric and magnetic fields -- 4.5 Atoms in oscillating fields -- 5 Polarized atoms -- 5.1 The density matrix -- 5.2 Rotation of density matrices -- 5.3 Angular-momentum probability surfaces -- 5.4 Angular-momentum probability surfaces and the density matrix: equivalence and symmetries -- 5.5 Temporal evolution of the density matrix: the Liouville equations -- 5.6 Example: alignment-to-orientation conversion -- 5.7 Multipole moments -- 6 Polarized light -- 6.1 The light polarization ellipse -- 6.2 Partially polarized light and unpolarized light -- 6.3 Spin angular momentum of polarized light -- 6.4 Spherical basis for light polarization -- 6.5 The polarization density matrix -- 6.6 Angular-momentum probability surfaces for light -- 6.7 Stokes parameters for partially polarized light
7 Atomic transitions -- 7.1 Two-level system under the action of a periodic perturbation -- 7.2 Selection rules for electric-dipole transitions -- 7.3 Probability calculation for electric-dipole transitions -- 7.4 Line strength -- 7.5 Higher-multipole radiative transitions -- 7.6 Multipole expansion -- 7.7 Two-photon and multi-photon transitions -- 7.8 Visualization of atomic transitions -- 8 Coherence in atomic systems -- 8.1 Dark and bright states -- 8.2 Quantum beats -- 8.3 The Hanle effect -- 9 Optical pumping -- 9.1 Linear and nonlinear processes -- saturation parameters -- 9.2 Optical pumping on closed transitions -- 9.3 Optical pumping on open transitions -- 10 Light-atom interaction observed in transmitted light -- 10.1 Effect of atoms on transmitted light -- 10.2 Magneto-optical effects with linearly polarized light -- 10.3 Perturbative approach -- PART II: ADVANCED TOPICS -- 11 Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation -- 11.1 Nested nonlinear magneto-optical rotation features -- 11.2 Bennett-structure effects -- 11.3 The role of alignment-to-orientation conversion in nonlinear magneto-optical rotation -- 11.4 Buffer-gas vapor cells -- 11.5 Antirelaxation-coated cells -- 11.6 Optically thick media -- 11.7 Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with modulated light -- 12 Perturbative and approximate methods for light-atom interactions -- 12.1 Polarization transfer in spontaneous decay -- 12.2 Perturbative solution of the steady-state density matrix -- 12.3 The optical-field case -- 12.4 Repopulation and depopulation -- 12.5 Optical excitation -- 12.6 Absorption and optical rotation signals -- 12.7 What kind of atomic polarization can influence the absorption and emission of light? -- 12.8 The broad-line approximation -- 13 Polarization effects in transitions with partially resolved hyperfine structure -- 13.1 Depopulation pumping
13.2 Excited state and repopulation pumping -- 13.3 Absorption -- 13.4 Fluorescence -- 13.5 Comparison of diÌerent cases -- 14 The effect of hyperfine splitting on nonlinear magneto-optical rotation -- 14.1 Doppler-free transit effect -- 14.2 Doppler-broadened transit effect -- 14.3 Wall effect -- 14.4 Higher nuclear spin and the D2 line -- 14.5 Comparison of quantitative results for different cases -- 15 Coherence effects revisited -- 15.1 Dark and bright states -- 15.2 Quantum beats -- 15.3 The Hanle effect -- 16 Collapse and revival in quantum beats -- 17 Nuclear quadrupole resonance and alignmenttoorientation conversion -- 18 Selective addressing of highrank polarization moments -- 18.1 General technique and production and detection of the k = 2 and k = 4 moments -- 18.2 Production and observation of the k = 6 hexacontatetrapole moment -- 18.3 Production and detection of the hexadecapole moment in the Earth's magnetic field -- 19 Tensor structure of the DC- and AC-Stark polarizabilities -- 20 Photoionization of polarized atoms with polarized light -- 20.1 Photoionization cross-section -- 20.2 Formulas for 0,1,2 -- Appendix A: Constants, units, and notations -- Appendix B: Units of energy, frequency, and wavelength -- Appendix C: Reference data for hydrogen and the alkali atoms -- Appendix D: Classical rotations -- D.1 Rotations in the Cartesian basis -- D.2 The spherical basis -- Appendix E: Nonlinear magneto-optical rotation with hyperfine structure -- E.1 Perturbation theory with polarization moments -- E.2 Doppler-free transit effect -- E.3 Doppler-broadened transit effct -- E.4 Wall effect -- Appendix F: The Atomic Density Matrix software package -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Z
An accessible textbook for students and practitioners of atomic, molecular, and optical physics. It will be useful for scientists working with lasers. The book comes with an extensive freely downloadable software package and many colourful and animated illustrations. Additional materials are available for instructors
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Auzinsh, Marcis Optically Polarized Atoms : Understanding Light-Atom Interactions Oxford : Oxford University Press,c2010 9780199565122
Subject Atoms.;Physical optics.;Polarization (Light)
Electronic books
Alt Author Budker, Dmitry
Rochester, Simon
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