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Author Plackett, David
Title Biopolymers : New Materials for Sustainable Films and Coatings
Imprint New York : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2011
©2011
book jacket
Edition 2nd ed
Descript 1 online resource (354 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Biopolymers - New Materials for Sustainable Films and Coatings -- Contents -- Preface -- About the Editor -- List of Contributors -- Part I -- 1 Introductory Overview -- 1.1 INTRODUCTION -- 1.2 WORLDWIDE MARKETS FOR FILMS AND COATINGS -- 1.2.1 Total Polymer Production and Use -- 1.2.2 Total Production and Use of Plastic Films -- 1.2.3 Coatings -- 1.3 SUSTAINABILITY -- 1.4 BIO-DERIVED POLYMERS -- 1.5 OTHER TOPICS -- REFERENCES -- 2 Production, Chemistry and Degradation of Starch-Based Polymers -- 2.1 INTRODUCTION -- 2.2 GELATINIZATION -- 2.3 EFFECT OF GELATINIZATION PROCESS AND PLASTICIZER ON STARCH PROPERTIES -- 2.4 RETROGRADATION -- 2.5 PRODUCTION OF STARCH-POLYMER BLENDS -- 2.6 BIODEGRADATION OF STARCH-BASED POLYMERS -- 2.7 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 2.8 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- 3 Production, Chemistry and Properties of Polylactides -- 3.1 INTRODUCTION -- 3.2 PRODUCTION OF POLYLACTIDES -- 3.2.1 Lactic Acid and its Production -- 3.2.2 Production Methods for Polylactide -- 3.3 POLYLACTIDE CHEMISTRY -- 3.3.1 Tacticity -- 3.3.2 Molecular Weight and its Distribution -- 3.3.3 Conversion and Yield -- 3.3.4 Copolymerization -- 3.3.5 Characterization of Lactic Acid Derivatives and Polymers -- 3.4 PROPERTIES OF POLYLACTIDES -- 3.4.1 Processability -- 3.4.2 Thermal Stability -- 3.4.3 Hydrolytic Stability -- 3.4.4 Thermal Transitions and Crystallinity of PLA -- 3.4.5 Barrier and Other Properties -- 3.5 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 4 Production, Chemistry and Properties of Polyhydroxyalkanoates -- 4.1 INTRODUCTION -- 4.2 POLYHYDROXYALKANOATE SYNTHESIS -- 4.2.1 Background -- 4.2.2 Bacterial Biosynthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoates -- 4.2.3 Production of Polyhydroxyalkanoates by Genetically Modified Organisms -- 4.2.4 Chemical Synthesis of Polyhydroxyalkanoates -- 4.3 PROPERTIES OF POLYHYDROXYALKANOATES
4.3.1 Polyhydroxyalkanoate Structure and Mechanical Properties -- 4.3.2 Polyhydroxyalkanoate Crystallinity and Characteristic Temperatures -- 4.4 POLYHYDROXYALKANOATE DEGRADATION -- 4.4.1 Hydrolytic Degradation of PHAs -- 4.4.2 Biodegradation of PHAs -- 4.4.3 Thermal Degradation of PHAs -- 4.5 PHA-BASED MULTIPHASE MATERIALS -- 4.5.1 Generalities -- 4.5.2 PHA Plasticization -- 4.5.3 PHA Blends -- 4.5.4 PHA-Based Multilayers -- 4.5.5 PHA Biocomposites -- 4.5.6 PHA-Based Nano-Biocomposites -- 4.6 PRODUCTIONANDCOMMERCIAL PRODUCTS -- REFERENCES -- 5 Chitosan for Film and Coating Applications -- 5.1 INTRODUCTION -- 5.2 PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL CHARACTERIZATION OF CHITOSAN -- 5.2.1 Degree of N-acetylation -- 5.2.2 Molecular Weight -- 5.2.3 Solvent and Solution Properties -- 5.3 PROPERTIES AND APPLICATIONS OF CHITOSAN -- 5.3.1 Waste/Effluent Water Purification -- 5.3.2 Cosmetics -- 5.3.3 Fat Trapping Agent -- 5.3.4 Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Applications: Controlled Drug Release, Tissue Engineering -- 5.3.5 Antimicrobial Properties and Active Packaging Applications -- 5.3.6 Agriculture -- 5.3.7 Biosensors - Industrial Membrane Bioreactors and Functional Food Processes -- 5.3.8 Other Applications of Chitosan-Based Materials in the Food Industry -- 5.4 PROCESSING OF CHITOSAN -- 5.5 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 6 Production, Chemistry and Properties of Proteins -- 6.1 INTRODUCTION -- 6.2 PLANT-BASED PROTEINS -- 6.2.1 Rapeseed -- 6.2.2 Wheat Gluten -- 6.2.3 Corn Zein -- 6.2.4 Soy Protein -- 6.2.5 Kafirin (Grain Sorghum) -- 6.2.6 Oat Avenin -- 6.2.7 Rice Bran Protein (RBP) -- 6.2.8 Lupin -- 6.2.9 Cottonseed Proteins -- 6.2.10 Peanut Protein -- 6.3 ANIMAL-BASED PROTEINS -- 6.3.1 Whey Protein -- 6.3.2 Casein -- 6.3.3 Egg White -- 6.3.4 Keratin -- 6.3.5 Collagen -- 6.3.6 Gelatin -- 6.3.7 Myofibrillar Proteins -- 6.4 SOLUTION CASTING OF PROTEINS - AN OVERVIEW
6.4.1 Solvent Casting Procedures -- 6.4.2 Importance of pH -- 6.4.3 Drying Conditions -- 6.4.4 Viscosity -- 6.4.5 Importance of Temperature -- 6.4.6 Selection of Solvent -- 6.4.7 Plasticizers for Protein Films and Coatings -- 6.4.8 Proteins as Coatings and in Composites -- 6.4.9 Water Sensitivity of Protein Films -- 6.5 DRY FORMING OF PROTEIN FILMS -- 6.5.1 Compression Moulding -- 6.5.2 Properties of Compression-Moulded Protein-Based Films -- 6.5.3 Extrusion and Injection Moulding -- 6.6 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 7 Synthesis, Chemistry and Properties of Hemicelluloses -- 7.1 INTRODUCTION -- 7.2 STRUCTURE -- 7.3 SOURCES -- 7.3.1 Species -- 7.3.2 Distribution -- 7.3.3 Co-Constituents -- 7.4 EXTRACTION METHODOLOGY -- 7.5 MODIFICATIONS -- 7.5.1 Esterification -- 7.5.2 Etherification -- 7.5.3 Miscellaneous Treatments -- 7.6 APPLICATIONS -- 7.7 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 8 Production, Chemistry and Properties of Cellulose- Based Materials -- 8.1 INTRODUCTION -- 8.2 PRISTINE CELLULOSE AS A SOURCE OF NEW MATERIALS -- 8.2.1 All-Cellulose Composites -- 8.2.2 Cellulose Nano-Objects -- 8.2.3 Model Cellulose Films -- 8.3 NOVEL CELLULOSE SOLVENTS -- 8.4 CELLULOSE-BASED COMPOSITES AND SUPERFICIAL FIBER MODIFICATION -- 8.4.1 Composites with Pristine Fibers -- 8.4.2 Superficial Fiber Modification -- 8.5 CELLULOSE COUPLED WITH NANOPARTICLES -- 8.6 ELECTRONIC APPLICATIONS -- 8.7 BIOMEDICAL APPLICATIONS -- 8.8 CELLULOSE DERIVATIVES -- 8.9 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 9 Furan Monomers and their Polymers: Synthesis, Properties and Applications -- 9.1 INTRODUCTION -- 9.2 PRECURSORS AND MONOMERS -- 9.3 POLYMERS -- 9.3.1 Chain-Growth Systems -- 9.3.2 Step-Growth Systems -- 9.3.3 The Application of the Diels-Alder Reaction to Furan Polymers -- 9.4 BIODEGRADABILITY OF FURAN POLYMERS -- 9.5 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- Part II
10 Food Packaging Applications of Biopolymer-Based Films -- 10.1 INTRODUCTION -- 10.2 FOOD PACKAGING MATERIAL SPECIFICATIONS -- 10.2.1 Functional Properties -- 10.2.2 Safety Issues -- 10.2.3 Environmental Aspects -- 10.3 EXAMPLES OF BIOPOLYMER APPLICATIONS FOR FOOD PACKAGING MATERIALS -- 10.3.1 Short Shelf-Life Fresh Food Packaging -- 10.3.2 Long Shelf-Life Dry or Liquid Food Packaging -- 10.4 RESEARCH DIRECTIONS AND PERSPECTIVES -- 10.4.1 Improving/Modulating Functional Properties -- 10.4.2 Active Biopolymer Packaging -- 10.4.3 Improving Safety and Stability -- 10.4.4 Towards an Integrated Approach for Biopolymer- Based Food Packaging Development -- 10.5 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 11 Biopolymers for Edible Films and Coatings in Food Applications -- 11.1 INTRODUCTION -- 11.2 MATERIALS FOR EDIBLE FILMS AND COATINGS -- 11.2.1 Protein-Based Films and Coatings -- 11.2.2 Polysaccharide-Based Films and Coatings -- 11.2.3 Lipid-Based Films and Coatings -- 11.2.4 Composite/Multilayer Films -- 11.2.5 Additives -- 11.3 EDIBLE FILMS AND COATINGS FOR FOOD APPLICATIONS -- 11.3.1 Edible Coatings on Fruit and Vegetables -- 11.3.2 Edible Films and Coatings on Meat and Poultry -- 11.3.3 Edible Films and Coatings on Foods with Low Water Content -- 11.3.4 Edible Coatings on Deep Fat Frying Foods -- 11.4 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 12 Biopolymer Coatings for Paper and Paperboard -- 12.1 INTRODUCTION -- 12.2 BIOPOLYMER FILMS AND COATINGS -- 12.2.1 Starches -- 12.2.2 Chitosan -- 12.2.3 Hemicelluloses -- 12.2.4 Cellulose Derivatives -- 12.3 BIO-NANOCOMPOSITE FILMS AND COATINGS -- 12.3.1 Nano-Sized Clay -- 12.3.2 Nanocellulose -- 12.4 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 12.5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENT -- REFERENCES -- 13 Agronomic Potential of Biopolymer Films -- 13.1 INTRODUCTION -- 13.2 THE POTENTIAL ROLE OF BIODEGRADABLE MATERIALS IN AGRICULTURAL FILMS
13.3 PRESENTLY AVAILABLE BIOPOLYMERS AND BIOCOMPOSITES -- 13.4 PAST AND CURRENT INTERNATIONAL PROJECTS ON BIODEGRADABLE AGRICULTURAL FILMS -- 13.5 PRESENT APPLICATIONS OF BIOPOLYMER FILMS IN AGRICULTURE -- 13.5.1 Overview -- 13.5.2 Biodegradable Mulching -- 13.6 POTENTIAL USES: CURRENT LIMITATIONS AND FUTURE APPLICATIONS -- 13.6.1 Solarization with Biodegradable Films -- 13.6.2 Biodegradable Low Tunnels -- 13.6.3 Fruit Protecting Bags -- 13.6.4 Future Biodegradable Film Applications -- 13.7 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- 13.8 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS -- REFERENCES -- 14 Functionalized Biopolymer Films and Coatings for Advanced Applications -- 14.1 INTRODUCTION -- 14.2 OPTOELECTRONICS -- 14.2.1 Photovoltaics -- 14.2.2 Other Optoelectronic Devices -- 14.3 SENSORS -- 14.3.1 Chemical Sensors -- 14.3.2 Biosensors -- 14.4 MISCELLANEOUS APPLICATIONS -- 14.5 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- 15 Summary and Future Perspectives -- 15.1 INTRODUCTION -- 15.2 BIOPLASTICS -- 15.3 BIO-THERMOSET RESINS -- 15.4 NANOCOMPOSITES BASED ON INORGANIC NANOFILLERS -- 15.5 NANOCOMPOSITES BASED ON CELLULOSE NANOFILLERS -- 15.6 CONCLUDING REMARKS -- REFERENCES -- Index
As an area of high topical interest, Biopolymers - New materials for Sustainable Films and Coatings covers the development and utilization of polymers derived from bioresources, with a particular focus on film and coating applications. With growing concern for the environment and the rising price of crude oil, there is increasing demand for non-petroleum-based polymers from renewable resources. Leading research groups worldwide in industry and academe are working on such technology with the objective of applying the latest advances in the field. Written by well-respected experts, this text systematically covers the extraction and production of selected biopolymers as well as their properties and application as films or coatings in a variety of uses. The areas addressed include food packaging, edible coatings, paper coatings and agricultural films. Intended for researchers and students, this book will also be of interest to industry, especially in terms of the practical applications
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Plackett, David Biopolymers : New Materials for Sustainable Films and Coatings New York : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2011 9780470683415
Subject Biopolymers.;Thin films.;Coatings
Electronic books
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