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Author Halpern, Diane F
Title Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities : 4th Edition
Imprint London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2011
book jacket
Edition 4th ed
Descript 1 online resource (481 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities: Fourth Edition -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface to the Fourth Edition -- Preface to the Third Edition -- Preface to the Second Edition -- Preface to the First Edition -- Chapter 1: Why Should We Study Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities? Introduction and Overview -- A Hot Issue in Contemporary Psychology -- Why Should We Study Cognitive Sex Differences? -- Theoretical Approaches -- The Notion of Cognitive Abilities -- Values and Science -- Political and Social Ramifications -- Setting the Context: Some Statistics About Sex Differences -- The Bugaboo of Biological Explanations -- Terminology -- Selective Nature of All Reviews -- About This Book -- Chapter 2: Searching for Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities -- Why We Need Research -- Types of Research Investigations -- Validity, Fairness, and Bias -- Understanding Research Results -- Statistical and Practical Significance -- Developmental Issues -- Self-Fulfilling Prophecies -- Evaluating Research Claims -- Chapter 3: Empirical Evidence for Cognitive Sex Differences -- Intelligence -- The When, Where, Who, and How of Differences -- Perception -- A Cognitive Abilities Approach -- Memory -- Verbal Abilities -- Visuospatial Abilities -- Quantitative Abilities -- Thinking About the Magnitude of Differences -- Underlying Cognitive Processes -- Are Sex Differences Decreasing? -- Similarities -- Chapter Summary -- Chapter 4: Biological Hypotheses Part I: Genes and Hormones -- What Makes Us Female or Male? -- The Notion of Biological Determination -- Behavioral Genetics -- Sex Hormones -- Chapter Summary -- Chapter 5: Biological Hypotheses Part II: Brains, Evolutionary Pressures, and Brain-Behavior Relationships -- A Brief Introduction to the Brain -- Hormonal Influences on the Brain: A Developmental Perspective
Environmental Influences on the Brain -- Cognitive Neuroscience: Brain-Behavior Relationships -- The Sexually Dimorphic Brain -- Sexual Dimorphism in Hemispheric Specialization -- Essentializing the Differences in Female and Male Brains -- Sexual Orientation and the Brain -- Critique of Biological Hypotheses -- Chapter Summary -- Chapter 6: Psychosocial Hypotheses Part I: Sex Role Stereotypes Throughout the Life Span -- Gender as a Social Construction -- Sex Roles and Sex Role Stereotypes -- How Stereotypes Direct and Reflect Reality -- Reducing (Maybe Even Eliminating) Sex Role Stereotypes -- Sex-Linked Socialization Practices Through the Life Span -- Chapter Summary -- Chapter 7: Psychosocial Hypotheses Part II: Theoretical Perspectives for Understanding the Role of Psychosocial Variables -- A Theory of Theories -- The Psychoanalytic Perspective -- Learning Theories -- Social Learning Theory -- Social Ecology -- Cognitive Theories -- Roles of Expectancy-Values-Motives in Achievement Motivation -- Bent Twigs -- Culture Counts: Surprising and Contradictory Effects of Gender Equity -- Work-Family Conflict: The Caregiving Demands of Adult Life -- Performance and Strategy Variables -- A Comparison of the Theories -- Chapter Summary -- Chapter 8: Using a Biopsychosocial Perspective to Understand Cognitive Sex Differences -- Advice for "Pop" -- Cross-National Comparisons -- Changing Data, Changing Minds -- A Biopsychosocial Perspective -- Public Policy Implications -- Into the Future -- The Wisdom of Nesreddin Hoca -- References -- Author index -- Subject index
The fourth edition of Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities critically examines the breadth of research on this complex and controversial topic, with the principal aim of helping the reader to understand where sex differences are found - and where they are not.Since the publication of the third edition, there have been many exciting and illuminating developments in our understanding of cognitive sex differences. Modern neuroscience has transformed our understanding of the mind and behavior in general, but particularly the way we think about cognitive sex differences. But neuroscience is still in its infancy and has often been misused to justify sex role stereotypes. There has also been the publication of many exaggerated and unreplicated claims regarding cognitive sex differences. Consequently, throughout the book there is recognition of the critical importance of good research; an amiable skepticism of the nature and strength of evidence behind any claim of sex difference; an appreciation of the complexity of the questions about cognitive sex differences; and the ability to see multiple sides of an issues, while also realizing that some claims are well-reasoned and supported by data and others are politicized pseudoscience. The author endeavors to present and interpret all the relevant data fairly, and in the process reveals how there are strong data for many different views.The book explores sex differences from many angles and in many settings, including the effect of different abilities and levels of education on sex differences, pre-existing beliefs or stereotypes, culture, and hormones. Sex differences in the brain are explored along with the stern caveat to "mind the gap" between brain structures and behaviors. Readers should come away with a new understanding of the way nature and nurture work together to make us unique individuals while
also creating similarities and differences that are often (but not always) tied to our being female and male. Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities, Fourth Edition, can be used as a textbook or reference in a range of courses and will inspire the next generation of researchers. Halpern engages readers in the big societal questions that are inherent in the controversial topic of whether, when , and how much males and females differ psychologically. It should be required reading for parents, teachers, and policy makers who want to know about the ways in which males and females are different and similar
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Halpern, Diane F. Sex Differences in Cognitive Abilities : 4th Edition London : Taylor & Francis Group,c2011 9781848729407
Subject Cognition.;Sex differences (Psychology);Sex role
Electronic books
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