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Author Harrison, Philip
Title Confronting Fragmentation : Housing and Urban Development in a Democratising Society
Imprint Claremont : University of Cape Town Press, 2004
©2004
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (319 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Front Cover -- Title page -- Imprint page -- Table of contents -- Preface and Acknowledgements -- Foreword -- Contributors -- Introduction: Confronting Fragementation -- The challenge of urban fragmentation in a democratising society -- Themes and structure of the book -- Part A: The Challenge of Urban Fragmentation -- Chapter 1: Fragmentation and Globalisation as the New Meta-Narrative -- Globalisation: The new meta-narrative -- Urban fragmentation -- Responses to fragmentation -- Partnerships -- Networks and social capital -- Policy coherence -- Spatial integration and the compact city approach -- Integration through communicative rationality -- Integration from below -- In the final event, does fragmentation really matter? -- References -- Chapter 2: Urban Fragmentation, Inequality and Social Justice: Ethical Perspectives -- Introduction -- The apartheid city and beyond -- Inequality in the United States city -- The multicultural city -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 3: The Degeneration of Urban Policy after Apartheid -- Introduction -- The Local Government White Paper -- The Housing White Paper -- The Urban Development Strategy -- Conclusion: Towards cities of solidarity -- References -- Chapter 4: South Africa's Enduring Urban Crisis: The Local State and the Urban Social Movement with Particular Reference to Johannesburg -- Introduction -- The civic movement in crisis -- Social movements and the new economic regime -- Democracy deferred and bureaucratising the civics -- Uneven development within the post-apartheid city -- The development dilemma within the civic movement, and between the civic movement and local government -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 5: HIV/Aids and Urban Disintegration in Johannesburg -- Introduction -- Demographic projections for Johannesburg in the light of HIV/Aids -- Economic trends
Economic and urban strategies and worsening poverty -- Urban disintegration -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 6: Social Justice, Social Integration and the Compact City: Lessons from the Inner City of Johannesburg -- Introduction -- Social justice in the compact city -- Integrative trends in South African cities -- Racial integration and racial tipping in the inner city of Johannesburg -- Racial tension: Landlords versus tenants -- Integration of income groups -- Urban regeneration and housing affordability -- Appropriate scale -- Opportunities for the marginalised -- Rural-urban and foreign migrants -- Conclusion -- References -- Part B: Urban Planning Responses -- Chapter 7: Housing, Integrated Urban Development and the Compact City Debate -- Introduction: The compact city debate in South Africa -- Urban compaction: A socially desirable alternative? -- The feasibility of urban compaction: A Durban case study -- Conclusion: Is urban compaction still important? -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 8: Unravelling the Different Meanings of Integration: The Urban Development Framework of the South African Government -- Introduction -- Central features of the Urban Development Framework -- Four connotations of integration in the Urban Development Framework -- Integration as policy rationale and outcome -- Integration as object of spatial planning -- Integration as the glue for sectoral investments -- Integration as institutional rationale -- Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 9: Planning for Integration: The Case of Metropolitan Cape Town -- Introduction -- Spatial planning in Cape Town and the issue of functional integration -- The development of a new spatial plan for Cape Town -- Introducing concepts of integration and development into local government -- Negotiating the new discourse of integration
Integration, competing story-lines and power -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 10: Housing and Urban Passenger Transport Policy and Planning in South African Cities: A Problematic Relationship? -- Introduction -- The continued peripheralisation of low-income housing in postapartheid South Africa -- The impact of peripherally located subsidised housing on beneficiary households' travel -- The impact of peripherally located subsidised housing on urban passenger transport systems -- The new transport policy agenda and the emerging urban transport planning framework -- A convergent intersection of integrated development planning and integrated transport planning? -- Conclusion: Tackling the housing-transport nexus -- References -- Chapter 11: A Time and a Space for African Identities in Planning in South Africa? -- Introduction -- Some African identities -- The traditional African identity -- The Pan-African African identity -- The post-colonial African identity -- A time for African identities in the post-1994 South African planning system? -- The new planning system -- Assessment: The presence and extent of African identities in the new planning system -- Seeking explanations for 'the omissions' -- Macro-explanations -- Micro-explanations -- A space for some African identities? -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 12: Alternative Urban Planning and Management in Brazil: Instructive Examples for Other Countries inthe South? -- Introduction -- Purposes and roots of 'alternative urban planning' in Brazil -- 'Participatory budgeting': The Brazilian experience of citizen participation in resource allocation -- Some additional remarks about the relevance of the 'urban reform' instruments and of 'participatory budgeting' to socio-spatial development -- Conclusion: Instructive examples for other countries in the South? -- Acknowledgements -- References
Part C: The Role of Housing -- Chapter 13: Addressing Segregation Through Housing Policy and Finance -- Introduction -- Causes of housing segregation and its perpetuation -- Policy responses: Redressing segregation of low-income housing -- Quotas of low-income units in middle-class areas -- Inclusionary zoning and the social function of private property -- Decommodification of housing -- Rental versus ownership subsidies -- Demand-side versus supply-side subsidies -- Locational choice through organised self-management and participatory budgeting -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 14: Illegal Housing: Law, Property Rights and Urban Space -- Introduction -- Law in the context of critical urban research -- Urbanisation in the context of legal studies -- The ideological battlefield -- Law, illegality and access to land and housing -- The question of property rights -- Regularisation policies and security of land tenure -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 15: An Interpretation of Sustainable Development and Urban Sustainability in Low-Cost Housing and Settlements in South Africa -- Introduction: Sustainable development and sustainable urban form -- Sustainable cities and human settlements -- Urban sustainability and urban form -- The compact versus the sprawl city -- Other contrasts in city form -- Sustainable low-cost housing, urban sustainability and the sustainable development debate in South Africa -- Low-cost housing in the context of the building construction sector -- Sustainable housing and settlement initiatives: Overview of case studies -- Sustainable housing and settlement: Policy initiatives -- Policy and legislation with reference to sustainable housing and settlement -- Sustainable housing policy of the city of Johannesburg -- Conclusion -- References
Chapter 16: The Integrated Delivery of Housing: A Local Government Perspective from Durban -- Introduction -- Concepts of integrated development -- The housing context of Durban 1997-2001 -- The institutional environment -- The mandate of Metro Housing -- Spatial integration -- Internal integration -- An integrated process of delivery -- An integral response to needs -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 17: Self-Managed Housing Construction: The Experience of São Paulo -- Introduction -- The economic context of housing in Brazil -- The politicisation of the periphery and the urban social movements in São Paulo -- The concept of mutirão and self-management -- The Case of Apuanã -- Community organisation -- The structuring of the partnership under the Workers' Party local government (1988-1992 -- Power conflicts during construction -- The situation under subsequent local governments (1992 to date) -- Conclusion: An assessment of the mutirão process -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Index
Although apartheid has ended, South African cities have remained divided, and new forms of segregation have emerged. This study of urban fragmentation offers South African and international case studies that illustrate the theoretical and practical challenges of governance and equality in divided urban living. Issues discussed include housing, public transport policies, health care, and HIV/AIDS. Community activists, policy-makers, and urban planners will benefit from this provocative analysis of an important challenge to social justice and societal healing
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Harrison, Philip Confronting Fragmentation : Housing and Urban Development in a Democratising Society Claremont : University of Cape Town Press,c2004 9781919713731
Subject Community development, Urban -- South Africa.;Housing policy -- South Africa.;Housing -- South Africa.;City planning -- South Africa.;Urbanization -- South Africa
Electronic books
Alt Author Huchzermeyer, Marie
Mayekiso, Mzwanele
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