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Author Ratts, Manivong J
Title Counseling for Multiculturalism and Social Justice : Integration, Theory, and Application
Imprint Alexandria : American Counseling Association, 2014
©2014
book jacket
Edition 4th ed
Descript 1 online resource (330 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Counseling for Multiculturalism and Social Justice: Integration, Theory, and Application -- Table of Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- About the Authors -- About the Contributors -- Section I: An Overview of Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling -- Chapter 1: Multiculturalism and Social Justice: A Revolutionary Force in Counseling and Psychology -- Promotion of the Status Quo -- Psychology's Inferiority Complex -- Lack of an Adequate Epistemology -- Office-Bound Profession -- Counselor-Driven Approach -- Multicultural and Social Justice Counseling -- Multicultural Counseling Perspective -- Social Justice Counseling Perspective -- Distinctions Between Multiculturalism and Social Justice -- Multiculturalism and Social Justice: A Seamless Connection -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 2: Five Forces in Counseling and Psychology -- First Force: The Psychoanalytic Tradition -- Second Force: The Cognitive-Behavioral Tradition -- Third Force: The Existential-Humanistic Tradition -- Fourth Force: The Multicultural Tradition -- Fifth Force: The Social Justice Tradition -- Toward an Interdisciplinary Approach -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3: The Complexities of Identity -- Diversity of the U. S. Population -- Internal, External, and Sociopolitical Dimensions of Identity -- Internal Dimensions of Identity -- External Dimensions of Identity -- Sociopolitical Dimensions of Identity -- Oppressor, Border, and Oppressed Group Status -- Dynamics of Power and Privilege Between Client and Counselor -- Border Groups (the Origin) -- Cycle of Socialization -- Dynamics of Oppression -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 4: Counselor-Advocate-Scholar Model: Merging Multiculturalism and Social Justice -- Counselor-Advocate-Scholar Model -- Counselor-Advocate-Scholar Model in Action -- Step 1. Determine the Root of the Client's Problems
Step 2. Determine Whether Individual Change or Systems Change is Required -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 5: Worldview and Identity Development -- Worldview -- Social Identity Development -- Key Assumptions -- Jackson and Hardiman's Social Identity Development Model -- Racial Identity Development Models -- Racial-Cultural Identity Development Model for People of Color -- Cross and Fhagen-Smith's Black Identity Development Model -- Kim's Asian American Identity Development Model -- Ferdman and Gallegos's Latino/a American Identity Development Model -- Horse's Native American Identity Development Model -- Hardiman's White Identity Development Model -- Helms's White Identity Development Model -- Multiracial Identity Development Models -- Sexual Identity Development Models -- Lesbian and Gay Identity Development Models -- Bisexual Identity Development Model -- Heterosexual Identity Development Model -- Transgender Identity Development Model -- Intersection of Identities -- Conclusion -- References -- Section II: Developing Multicultural and Social Justice Competence -- Chapter 6: Using Appropriate Terminology -- The Rules of Terminology -- People-First Language -- Inclusive Language -- Race and Ethnicity -- People With Disabilities -- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Questioning Populations -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 7: Developing Multicultural Competence -- The Developmental Sequence -- Awareness -- Knowledge -- Skills -- Multicultural Counseling Competencies -- Attitudes and Beliefs -- Knowledge -- Skills -- Toward Multicultural Competence: A Four-Step Process -- Step 1: Assess Your Needs -- Step 2: Define the Objectives -- Step 3: Design a Plan to Meet the Objectives -- Step 4: Evaluate Your Success in Meeting the Objectives -- Conclusion -- References -- Appendix 7.1: Multicultural Competencies Self-Assessment Survey
Chapter 8: Developing Advocacy Competence -- Levels of Advocacy Competencies -- Microlevel -- Mesolevel -- Macrolevel -- Competence Assessment -- Toward Advocacy Competence: A Four-Step Process -- Step 1: Assess Your Needs -- Step 2: Define the Objectives -- Step 3: Design a Plan to Meet the Objectives -- Step 4: Evaluate Your Success in Meeting the Objectives -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 9: Addressing Resistance and Gaining Buy-In for Multiculturalism and Social Justice -- Resistance to Multiculturalism and Social Justice -- Dissonance -- Anger -- Immobilization -- Conversion -- Diffusion of Innovation -- Elements of Diffusion of Innovation -- Stages of the Adoption Process -- Adoption Rate -- Adopter Categories -- Conclusion -- References -- Section III. Addressing Individual and Systemic Oppression -- Chapter 10: Counseling Clients From Asian and Pacific Island Heritages -- Overview of the AANHPI Group -- History of the Group -- Current Experiences -- Key Multicultural Concepts and Characteristics -- Key Multicultural Concepts -- Key Cultural Characteristics -- Systemic Barriers -- Key Issues to Consider -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Future Directions -- Resources -- References -- Chapter 11: Counseling African Americans -- History of African Americans -- Current Experiences -- Key Multicultural Concepts -- Racial Identity Development -- Family Dynamics -- Religion and Spirituality -- Systemic Barriers -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Future Directions -- Resources -- Community Services -- Elderly Services -- Mentoring -- References -- Appendix 11.1: Little Black Boy -- Chapter 12: Counseling Native Americans and Social Justice -- History of Native Americans
Current Experiences -- Politics -- Religion -- Social Issues -- Mental Health -- Key Multicultural Concepts and Characteristics -- Identifying Native Americans -- Key Characteristics -- Systemic Barriers -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Counseling for Social Justice -- Future Directions -- Resources -- Books -- Podcast -- Videos -- Websites -- References -- Chapter 13: Counseling Latin@s From a Social Justice Perspective -- History of Latin@s in the United States -- Current Experiences -- Key Characteristics and Multicultural Concepts -- Characteristics of Latin@s -- Key Multicultural Concepts -- Systemic Barriers -- Language -- Colonization -- Immigration -- Education -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Participation -- Reflection -- Conscientization -- Problematization -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Future Directions -- Resources -- Books -- Websites -- References -- Chapter 14: Counseling Multiracial Individuals and Families -- History of Multiracial Individuals and Families -- Current Experiences -- Key Multicultural Concepts and Characteristics -- Key Concepts -- Key Characteristics -- Systemic Barriers -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Future Directions -- Resources -- References -- Chapter 15: Social Justice Counseling Practices: Affi rming Queer Pluralism With LGBQ Clients -- An Overview of LGBQ Communities -- Queer History -- Popular Perceptions -- A Brief LGBQ History: Mid-20th Century to the New Millennia -- Current Issues for Queer Communities -- Key Concepts -- Heterosexism -- Minority Stress -- Internalized Heterosexism -- Key Characteristics -- LGBQ Gender and Orientation Pluralism -- Intersectionalities
Coming Out in Heteronormative Families -- Systemic Barriers -- Educational -- Employment -- Health Care -- Family -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Future Directions -- Resources -- References -- Chapter 16: Counseling Transgender Clients -- History of the Transgender Population in the United States -- Current Experiences -- Key Multicultural Concepts and Characteristics -- Key Multicultural Concepts -- Key Characteristics -- Systemic Barriers -- Institutionalized Oppression -- Identification Documents -- Discrimination -- Violence and Abuse -- Incompetent Counselors -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Creating a Transpositive and Affi rmative Environment -- Acknowledging Transoppression -- Gaining Knowledge and Developing Competencies -- Identifying Transgender Resources -- Seeking Supervision and Consultation -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Being a Visible Transgender Ally -- Increasing Public Awareness -- Volunteering and Offering Pro Bono Work -- Using a Multidisciplinary Approach -- Participating in Legislative Efforts -- Future Directions -- Resources -- Articles -- Websites -- References -- Chapter 17: Counseling Women -- Historical Overview -- Current Experiences -- Key Multicultural Concepts and Characteristics -- Key Multicultural Concepts -- Key Characteristics -- Systemic Barriers -- Political Barriers -- Occupational Barriers -- Educational Barriers -- Family-Career Balance Barriers -- Individual Counseling: Applications at the Microlevel -- Advocacy Counseling: Applications at the Macrolevel -- Future Directions -- Resources -- Community-Based Resources -- National Organizations -- References -- Chapter 18: A Social Justice Perspective on Counseling and Poverty -- A Brief History: Being Poor in America
Current Experiences
In this book, Drs. Ratts and Pedersen combine the very best from the multicultural and social justice traditions into a new paradigm, which will guide counselors toward a deeper understanding of the connections between these two counseling forces. Significantly updated and expanded from the previous edition, this fourth edition focuses on applying multiculturalism and social justice in various clinical settings with diverse client populations. A completely new applications section contains nine chapters on working with oppressed client groups, including African Americans; Asian and Pacific Islanders; Latin@s; multiracial individuals; Native Americans; lesbian, gay, bisexual, and questioning clients; transgender individuals; women; and socioeconomically disadvantaged clients. Clients experiencing religious and spiritual concerns are discussed as well. Each of the chapters in this section provides an illustrative case study and numerous counseling examples
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Ratts, Manivong J. Counseling for Multiculturalism and Social Justice : Integration, Theory, and Application Alexandria : American Counseling Association,c2014 9781556202483
Subject Cross-cultural counseling.;Minorities -- Counseling of.;Ethnopsychology.;Counseling psychology -- Moral and ethical aspects
Electronic books
Alt Author Pedersen, Paul B
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