LEADER 00000nam a22004693i 4500 
001    EBC811293 
003    MiAaPQ 
005    20200713055210.0 
006    m     o  d |       
007    cr cnu|||||||| 
008    200713s1996    xx      o     ||||0 eng d 
020    9789027276032|q(electronic bk.) 
020    |z9789027248749 
035    (MiAaPQ)EBC811293 
035    (Au-PeEL)EBL811293 
035    (CaPaEBR)ebr10518072 
035    (CaONFJC)MIL335841 
035    (OCoLC)778617826 
040    MiAaPQ|beng|erda|epn|cMiAaPQ|dMiAaPQ 
050  4 PE2802 -- .F63 1996eb 
082 0  420/.973 
100 1  Schneider, Edgar W 
245 10 Focus on the USA 
264  1 Philadelphia :|bJohn Benjamins Publishing Company,|c1996 
264  4 |c©1996 
300    1 online resource (374 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
490 1  Varieties of English Around the World ;|vv.16 
505 0  FOCUS ON THE USA -- Editorial page -- Title page -- 
       Copyright page -- Table of contents -- INTRODUCTION: 
       RESEARCHTRENDSIN THE STUDY OF AMERICAN ENGLISH -- 
       References -- PINEY WOODS SOUTHERN -- References -- 
       FOUNDATIONS OF AMERICAN ENGLISH -- 1. Introduction -- 2. 
       Probability mapping -- 3. Lexical variation in colonial 
       cities -- 4. Conclusion -- References -- THE COMPARABILITY
       OF LINGUISTIC ATLAS RECORDS: THE CASE OF LANCS AND LAGS --
       1. Introduction -- 2. Method -- 3. Lexical results -- 4. 
       Phonological results -- 5. Conclusion -- References -- 
       TERMSUSED FOR CHILDREN'S GAMES: COMPARING DARE'S FINDINGS 
       WITH USAGE OF TODAY'S YOUTH -- 1. Introduction -- 2. 
       Methodology -- 3. Findings -- 4. Summary and reasons for 
       change -- THE DIALECTS OF THE MIDDLE WEST -- 1. 
       Introduction -- 2. Northern, Midland, North Midland, South
       Midland -- 3. Pronunciation: Sociolinguistic methods in a 
       geographical context -- 4. Foreign language influences -- 
       References -- DIALECT CHANGE AND MAINTENANCE IN A POST-
       INSULAR ISLAND COMMUNITY -- 1. Introduction -- 2. An 
       ethnographic perspective on dialect study -- 3. The 
       Ocracoke "Brogue" and other American English dialects -- 
       4. The case of Ocracoke /ay/: Phonetic and phonological 
       issues -- 5. Phonetic implausibility vs. social 
       significance -- 6. Weren't regularization -- 7. Applying 
       the principle of linguistic gratuity in Ocracoke -- 
       References -- A COMPARISON OF VARIATION PATTERNS OF 
       VARIABLES AMONG SIXTH-GRADERS IN AN OHIO COMMUNITY -- 1. 
       Influences on dialectal change -- 1.1. The survey -- 1.2. 
       The community -- 2. Methods -- 2.1. Interviewing -- 2.2. 
       Measurement of linguistic variables -- 2.3. Independent 
       variables -- 2.4. Measurement of correlation -- 3. 
       Analyses of the linguistic variables -- 3.1. /o/ -- 3.2. /
       æ/ -- 3.3. /ai/ -- 3.4. Upgliding in dog and similar words
       -- 3.5. The merger of pre-nasal /I/ and /ul/ 
505 8  3.6. Mergers involving /ol/, /ull/, and /ul/ -- 3.7. Don't
       and home -- 3.8. Roof -- 3.9. Hostile -- 3.10. Lightning 
       bug -- 3.11. Teeter-totter -- 4. Conclusions -- 
       Acknowledgments -- Appendix -- References -- PERCEPTIONS 
       WITHIN A VARIABLE PARADIGM: BLACK AND WHITE RACIAL 
       DETECTION AND IDENTIFICATIONBASED ON SPEECH* -- 
       1.Introduction -- 2. Theoretical foundations -- 3. 
       Procedures -- 3.1. Speech selection -- 3.2. The Linguistic
       Sensitivity Test -- 3.3. Data specification -- 4. Results 
       -- 4.1. Possible interpretations -- 4.2. Native 
       evaluations and second language evaluations -- 4.3 Native 
       judges ' evaluations based on social background -- 5. 
       Implications for research on housing discrimination -- 6. 
       Conclusion -- References -- SEX-BASED DIFFERENCES IN 
       LANGUAGE CHOICE IN AN AFRICAN-AMERICAN NEIGHBORHOOD IN 
       DETROIT -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The inner city area study
       -- 3. Theoretical considerations -- 4. The Vernacular 
       Language Project (VLP) -- 5. Language and gender -- 6. 
       Language and gender in the 60+ age group -- References -- 
       THE ENGLISH COMPETENCE OF CUBAN EXILES: THE CASE OF NOUN 
       PLURALIZATION -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Informant selection
       and data gathering -- 3. Data analysis -- 4. Results and 
       discussion -- 5. Conclusions -- References -- WHAT WAS 
       VERBAL -S IN 19TH-CENTURY AFRICAN AMERICAN ENGLISH? -- 1. 
       Introduction -- 2. Evidence for language contact from 
       written documents -- 3. Verbal -s marking -- 4. Discussion
       -- 5. Conclusions -- References -- THE DEVELOPMENT OF 
       AMERICAN ENGLISHES:SOME QUESTIONS FROM A CREOLE GENESIS 
       PERSPECTIVE -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Why are WAVEs not 
       creoles? -- 3. The genesis of AAE -- 3.1. A critique of 
       the literature -- 3.2. What history suggests: A 
       competition-of-feature hypothesis -- 4. The development of
       WAVEs: A creole perspective -- 5. Conclusions -- 
       References 
505 8  HISTORICAL AND CONTEMPORARY DISTRIBUTION OF DOUBLE MODALS 
       IN ENGLISH -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The distribution of 
       double modals in contemporary AmericanEnglish -- 3. 
       Atlantic Creole sources -- 4. British English sources -- 
       5. U.S. settlement history -- 6. Spontaneous generation in
       the south -- 7. Historical grammatical sources -- 8. 
       Summary -- References -- AMERICAN COLLEGE SLANG -- 
       References -- WHERE THE WORST ENGLISH IS SPOKEN -- 1. 
       Quantitative studies -- 1.1 Hand-drawn maps -- 1.2. 
       Correct and pleasant -- 1.3. Degree of difference -- 1.4. 
       Placement of regional voices -- 1.5. Summary of 
       quantitative research -- 2. Conversational evidence -- 
       References -- Addresses of authors -- SUBJECT INDEX 
520    This volume presents fifteen original research papers by 
       renowned specialists in their respective fields. A variety
       of research traditions are included, such as dialect 
       geography and sociolinguistics, but also smaller sub-
       fields such as the study of slang and perceptual 
       dialectology. Varieties studied include the South, the 
       Eastern Seaboard, the Middle West, African American 
       English, Cuban English, and others. A growing sense of 
       unity in the discipline is reflected by recurring topics 
       and methods across earlier boundaries between sub-
       disciplines. For instance, computerized data and 
       statistical analyses are standard tools nowadays, and a 
       few papers explicitly address the possibilities and 
       limitations of these methods. The study of variation and 
       change of linguistic varieties has largely replaced 
       earlier, monolithic notions of dialect, and the question 
       of change in dialects, the erosion of traditional speech 
       forms under the impact of modern communication patterns 
       and socio-economic developments, is investigated in 
       several contributions. In general, a recent orientation 
       towards the history and development of nonstandard 
       varieties is reflected in the book - several papers study 
       diffusion patterns of linguistic forms, or discuss the 
       emergence of individual dialects or dialectal forms in a 
       language contact framework. Altogether, the papers provide
       a lively illustration of and a fairly representative 
       selection from ongoing high-quality linguistic research 
       into American English 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 English language -- United States.;English language -- 
       Social aspects -- United States.;English language -- 
       Variation -- United States.;Americanisms 
655  4 Electronic books 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aSchneider, Edgar W.|tFocus on the USA
       |dPhiladelphia : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c1996
       |z9789027248749 
830  0 Varieties of English Around the World 
856 40 |uhttps://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sinciatw/
       detail.action?docID=811293|zClick to View