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Author Vallero, Daniel A
Title Environmental Contaminants : Assessment and Control
Imprint Burlington : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2004
©2004
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (841 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Frontmatter -- Half Title Page -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Dedication Page -- Contents -- Preface -- Prologue: The Challenge -- Acknowledgments -- Author's Note on Discussion Boxes, Equations, and Concentration Units -- Part I: An Environmental Policy Primer -- 1. Scientific and Engineering Perspectives of Environmental Contaminants -- The Evolution and Progress of Environmental -- What Is a Contaminant? -- Understanding Policy by Understanding Science -- Connections and Interrelationships of Environmental Science -- Environmental Assessment and Intervention -- Introduction to Environmental Policy -- Urban Air Pollution -- Acid Deposition -- Protecting the Ozone Layer -- Water Quality Legislation -- Solid and Hazardous Wastes Laws -- Environmental Product and Consumer Protection Laws -- Notes and Commentary -- Part II: Fundamentals of Environmental Science and Engineering -- Introduction to Part II -- Importance of Physics in Environmental Contamination and Risk -- Importance of Chemistry in Environmental Contamination and Risk -- Importance of Biology in Environmental Contamination and Risk -- Beyond Basic Science -- 2. Fundamentals of Environmental Physics -- Principles and Concepts of Energy and Matter Important to the Environment -- Mass and Work -- Environmental Mechanics -- Notes and Commentary -- 3. Applied Contaminant Physics: Fluid Properties -- Physical Properties of Environmental Fluids -- Velocity -- Discharge and Flow -- Pressure -- Acceleration -- Displacement, Velocity, and Acceleration -- Density -- Specific Gravity -- Notes and Commentary -- 4. Environmental Equilibrium, Partitioning, and Balances -- Fundamentals of Environmental Equilibria -- Solubility as a Physical and Chemical Phenomenon -- Intramolecular Bonds, Intermolecular Forces, and Molecular Dipole Moments -- Fluid Solubility/Density Relationships
Environmental Thermodynamics -- The Environmental Mass Balance Reaction Term -- Notes and Commentary -- 5. Movement of Contaminants in the Environment -- Environmental Chemodymamics Models -- Selecting Units of Mass and Concentrations in Chemodynamics -- Fugacity, Z Values, and Henry's Law -- How Contaminants Move in the Environment -- Overall Effect of the Fluxes, Sinks, and Sources -- Combining Transport and Degradation Processes Using Half-Lives and Rate Constants -- Notes and Commentary -- 6. Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry -- Basic Concepts of Environmental Chemistry -- Organic Chemistry -- Notes and Commentary -- 7. Chemical Reactions in the Environment -- Environmental Ionic Reactions -- Environmental Acid and Base Chemistry -- Precipitation Reactions in Environmental Engineering -- Oxidation-Reduction Reactions -- Biological Redox Reactions -- Environmental Metal Chemistry -- Notes and Commentary -- 8. Biological Principles of Environmental Contamination -- The Cell -- The "Bio" Terms -- Oxygen-Depleting Contaminants -- Biomarkers of Contaminants -- Accelerated Biodegradation: Bioremediation -- Biocriteria: A New Way to Determine Environmental Quality -- Notes and Commentary -- Part III: Contaminant Risk -- 9. Contaminant Hazards -- Environmental Toxicology -- Toxicity Testing -- Hazardous Waste Characteristics -- Bio-Effective Dose -- Toxicokinetics and Toxicodynamics -- Environmental Epidemiology -- Contaminant Groupings -- Carcinogens -- Chronic Noncancer Health Endpoints -- Environmental Endocrine Disruptors -- Neurotoxins -- Immunotoxins -- Ecological Toxicity -- Notes and Commentary -- 10. Contaminant Exposure and Risk Calculations -- Exposure Assessment -- Calculating Risk -- Applying Cancer Risk Calculations to Cleanup Levels -- Non-Cancer Hazard and Risk Calculations -- Comprehensive Risk Communication -- Notes and Commentary
Part IV: Interventions to Address Environmental Contamination -- 11. Contaminant Sampling and Analysis -- Environmental Monitoring -- Laboratory Analysis -- Sources of Uncertainty -- Chemiluminescence and Fluorescent In-Situ Hybridization (FISH): Monitoring the Magnitude of the Risks Associated with Environmental Contamination -- Integration of Monitoring Techniques: Chemiluminescence and Fluorescent In-Situ Hybridization (FISH) -- Notes and Commentary -- 12. Intervention: Managing the Risks of Environmental Contamination -- A Template for Cleaning Up Contaminants -- Characterizing Contaminants in the Environment -- Estimating Contaminant Migration -- Treatability Tests -- Contaminant Treatment and Control Approaches -- Thermal Processing: The Science, Engineering and Technology of Contaminant Destruction -- Microbiological Processing: The Science, Engineering, and Technology of Contaminant Biotreatment -- Hazardous Waste Storage Landfills: Examples of the Science, Engineering, and Technology of Long-Term Storage of Contaminated Media -- Siting -- Ex Situ and In Situ Treatment -- Notes and Commentary -- 13. Environmental Decisions and Professionalism -- Communicating Scientific Information -- Environmental Information Management -- Notes and Commentary -- 14. Epilogue: Benzene Metabolism Revisited -- The Sensitivity Analysis: An Important Step Beyond Stoichiometry -- Interdependencies between a Contaminant and a Substrate -- Notes and Commentary -- Glossary of Environmental Sciences and Engineering Terminology -- Notes and Commentary -- APPENDIX 1: Information Needed to Prepare Environmental Impact Statements -- APPENDIX 2: Safe Drinking Water Act Contaminants and Maximum Contaminant Levels -- National Secondary Drinking Water Regulations -- APPENDIX 3: Toxic Compounds Listed in the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments -- APPENDIX 4: Physical Constants
APPENDIX 5: Universal Constants -- APPENDIX 6: Constants Frequently Applied in the Physical Sciences -- APPENDIX 7: Periodic Table of Elements -- APPENDIX 8: Minimum Risk Levels for Chemicals -- APPENDIX 9: Physical Contaminants -- Notes and Commentary -- Index
This book serves as a tool for environmental professionals to produce technically sound and reproducible scientific evidence. It identifies ways to clean up environmental problems in air, water, soil, sediment and living systems. Ethical issues, environmental management, and professionalism, and environmental economic problems are illustrated to assist the reader in understanding and applying quantitative analysis of environmental problems. Supplemental materials are available at the Companion Website http://www.elsevierdirect.com/companion.jsp?ISBN=9780127100579 * Real life solutions for practicing environmental professionals. * Example problems, sidebars, and case studies to illustrate ethical issues, environmental economic problems, and environmental management. * Explanation of scientific principles and concepts needed for risk assessment, waste management, contaminant transport, environmental hydrogeology, and environmental engineering & chemistry. * A fully supportive glossary, appendices and tables throughout the text contain physical, chemical and biological resources necessary for all environmental practitioners
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Vallero, Daniel A. Environmental Contaminants : Assessment and Control Burlington : Elsevier Science & Technology,c2004 9780127100579
Subject Environmental protection.;Environmental risk assessment
Electronic books
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