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Author Bollet, Alfred Jay
Title Plagues & Poxes : The Impact of Human History on Epidemic Disease
Imprint New York : Demos Medical Publishing, 2004
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (264 pages)
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Note Intro -- Title Page -- Table of Contents -- Acknowledgments -- Preface -- Introduction Unintentional Causes of Epidemic Diseases The Impact of Human History on Disease -- PART ONE Infectious Diseases -- Bubonic Plague The Prototype of Pandemic Disasters -- The "Little Flies" that Brought Death, Part 1 Malaria or The Burning Ague -- The "Little Flies" that Brought Death, Part 2 Yellow Fever -- Syphilis The Great Pos -- The Small Pox -- Cholera and The Worldwide Plagues of The Nineteenth Century -- The Great Influenza Pandemic of 1918-1919 President Woodrow Wilson and The Blitzkatarrh -- Poliomyelitis Why Did Franklin Delano Roosevelt Get Infantile Paralysis as an Adult? -- PART TWO Noninfectious Diseases -- Beriberi An Epidemic Affecting Rice Eaters -- The Pellagra Epidemics The Three M's Produce the Four D's -- Scurvy The Purpurea Nautica -- Rickets The English Disease -- Gout The Disease of Good Living -- PART THREE Intentionally Induced and Newly Emerging Diseases -- Anthrax From Woolsorter's Disease to Terrorism -- Botulism From Bad Food to Bioterrorism -- The Sars Epidemic A New Disease Retraces the Experience with Older Diseases -- Index -- A -- B -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- Q -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- X -- Y -- Z
Since publication of the initial version of Plagues & Poxes in 1987, which had the optimistic subtitle ''The Rise and Fall of Epidemic Disease,'' the rise of new diseases such as AIDS and the deliberate modification and weaponization of diseases such as anthrax have changed the way we perceive infectious disease. With major modifications to deal with this new reality, the acclaimed author of Civil War Medicine: Challenges and Triumphs has updated and revised this series of essays about changing disease patterns in history and some of the key events and people involved in them. It deals with the history of major outbreaks of disease - both infectious diseases such as plague and smallpox and noninfectious diseases - and shows how they are in many cases caused inadvertently by human actions, including warfare, commercial travel, social adaptations, and dietary modifications. To these must now be added discussion of the intentional spreading of disease by acts of bioterrorism, and the history and knowledge of those diseases that are thought to be potential candidates for intentional spread by bioterrorists. Among the many topics discussed are:.: How the spread of smallpox and measles among previously unexposed populations in the Americas, the introduction of malaria and yellow fever from Africa via the importation of slaves into the Western hemisphere, and the importation of syphilis to Europe all are related to the modern interchange of diseases such as AIDS.; How the ever-larger populations in the cities of Europe and North America gave rise to ''crowd diseases'' such as polio by permitting the existence of sufficient numbers of non-immune people in sufficient numbers to keep the diseases from dying out.; How the domestication of animals allowed diseases of animals to affect humans, or perhaps become genetically modified to become epidemic human
diseases.; Why the concept of deficiency diseases was not understood before the early twentieth century; disease, after all, was the presence of something abnormal, how could it be due to the absence of something? In fact, the first epidemic disease in human history probably was iron deficiency anemia.; How changes in the availability and nature of specific foods have affected the size of population groups and their health throughout history. The introduction of potatoes to Ireland and corn to Europe, and the relationship between the modern technique of rice milling and beriberi, all illustrate the fragile nutritional state that results when any single vegetable crop is the main source of food.; Why biological warfare is not a new phenomenon. There have been attempts to intentionally cause epidemic disease almost since the dawn of recorded history, including the contamination of wells and other water sources of armies and civilian populations; of course, the spread of smallpox to Native Americans during the French and Indian War is known to every schoolchild. With our increased technology, it is not surprising that we now have to deal with problems such as weaponized spores of anthrax
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Bollet, Alfred Jay Plagues & Poxes : The Impact of Human History on Epidemic Disease New York : Demos Medical Publishing,c2004 9781888799798
Subject Epidemiology -- History
Electronic books
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