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Author Bernasconi-Osterwalder, Nathalie
Title Environment and Trade : A Guide to WTO Jurisprudence
Imprint London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2005
©2005
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (391 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Front Cover -- Environment and Trade -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Foreword by Philippe Roch -- Acknowledgements -- List of Acronyms and Abbreviations -- List of Relevant GATT and WTO Disputes -- List of Relevant WTO Agreements -- Introduction -- Chapter 1. Like Products -- Background -- Introduction -- The concept of like products -- The relevance of like products for environmental policy making -- Discussion of relevant WTO provisions -- The GATT in general -- Article III of the GATT -- Article I of the GATT -- Article 2.1 of the TBT Agreement -- Article 6.3 of the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures (SCM Agreement) -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence relating to 'like products' under GATT Articles I and III -- The Australian Subsidy on Ammonium Sulphate, 1950 -- Belgian Family Allowances, 1952 -- Spain - Unroasted Coffee, 1981 -- Japan - Alcoholic Beverages, 1987 -- US - Petroleum, 1987 -- Japan - Lumber, 1989 -- EEC - Oilseeds and Related Animal-Feed Proteins, 1990 -- US - Tuna/Dolphin I, 1991 -- US - Malt Beverages, 1992 -- US - Taxes on Automobiles, 1994 -- Japan - Alcoholic Beverages, 1996 -- US - Reformulated Gasoline, 1996 -- Canada - Periodicals, 1997 -- EC - Bananas III, 1997 -- Indonesia - Automobile, 1998 -- Chile - Alcoholic Beverages, 2000 -- Argentina - Bovine Hides, 2001 -- EC - Asbestos, 2001 -- Chapter 2. General Exceptions Clauses -- Background -- Discussion of relevant WTO provisions -- Article XX of the GATT (in general) -- Article XX(g) of the GATT -- Article XX(b) of the GATT -- Function of Article XX's Chapeau -- Article XIV of the GATS -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence under Articles XX(b) and (g) of the GATT and Article XIV of the GATS -- US - Tuna and Tuna Products from Canada, 1982 -- Canada - Unprocessed Herring and Salmon, 1988 -- Thailand - Cigarettes, 1990
US - Tuna/Dolphin I, 1991 -- US - Tuna/Dolphin II, 1994 -- US - Reformulated Gasoline, 1996 -- US - Shrimp/Turtle I, 1998 -- US - Shrimp/Turtle 21.5, 2001 -- US - Gambling, 2005 -- Chapter 3. The Necessity Requirement -- Background -- Discussion of Relevant WTO Provisions -- Articles XX(a), (b) and (d) of the GATT -- Articles 2.2 and 5.6 of the SPS Agreement -- Article 2.2 of the TBT Agreement -- Comparing the Necessity Requirement under the GATT, SPS and TBT Agreements -- Articles VI and XIV of the GATS -- Selected issues relating to the necessity requirement -- Legitimate objectives -- International standards and the presumption of necessity -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence under the GATT, the SPS and TBT Agreements, and the GATS -- Articles XX(b) and (d) of the GATT 159 US - Section 337, 1989 -- Thailand - Cigarettes, 1990 -- US - Tuna/Dolphin I, 1991 -- US - Tuna/Dolphin II, 1994 -- Korea - Beef, 2001 -- EC - Asbestos, 2001 -- DR - Cigarettes, 2005 -- SPS Agreement -- Australia - Salmon, 1998 -- Japan - Varietals, 1999 -- TBT Agreement -- EC - Sardines, 2002 -- Article XIV of the GATS -- US - Gambling, 2005 -- Chapter 4. Processes and Production Methods -- Background -- Introduction -- Why are PPM-based measures so controversial? -- Distinction between product-related and non-product-related PPM-based measures -- Distinction between country-based and origin-neutral PPM-based measures -- Extraterritorial characteristics of PPM-based measures -- Eco-labelling -- Discussion of relevant WTO provisions -- The GATT (Articles I, III, XI and XX) -- Annex A of the SPS Agreement -- Annex 1 and Article 2 of the TBT Agreement -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence under Articles I, III and XX of the GATT -- Article I of the GATT -- Belgian Family Allowances, 1952 -- Canada - Automotive Industry, 2000
Article III (and XX) of the GATT -- US - Tuna/Dolphin I, 1991 and US - Tuna/Dolphin II, 1994 -- US - Malt Beverages, 1992 -- US - Taxes on Automobiles, 1994 -- US - Reformulated Gasoline, 1996 -- Indonesia - Automobile, 1998 -- Article XX of the GATT -- US - Shrimp/Turtle I, 1998 and US - Shrimp/Turtle 21.5, 2001 -- Chapter 5. Extraterritoriality -- Background -- Introduction -- The relationship between extraterritoriality, customary international law, and the WTO -- The link between extraterritoriality and PPM-based measures -- Discussion of relevant WTO provisions -- Article XX of the GATT -- Annex A of the SPS Agreement -- The TBT Agreement -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence under Articles XX(b) and (g) of the GATT -- US - Tuna/Dolphin I, 1991 -- US - Tuna/Dolphin II, 1994 -- US - Shrimp/Turtle I, 1998 -- Chapter 6. The Role of Science and the Precautionary Principle -- Background -- Discussion of relevant WTO provisions -- Introduction -- Article XX of the GATT -- Preamble of the TBT Agreement -- The SPS Agreement (Articles 2.2, 5.1 and 5.7) -- Selected issues relating to the role of science and the Precautionary Principle -- International standards -- The Precautionary Principle in the context of multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence relating to science and the Precautionary Principle -- SPS Agreement: EC - Hormones, 1998 -- Australia - Salmon, 1998 -- Japan - Varietals, 1999 -- Japan - Apples, 2003 -- GATT: EC - Asbestos, 2001 -- Chapter 7. The Relationship Between the TRIPS Agreement and the CBD -- Background -- Introduction -- The CBD -- The TRIPS Agreement -- Conflict or synergy? -- Discussion of relevant provisions -- Introduction -- Patenting of life forms (Article 27.3 (b) of the TRIPS Agreement)
Access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources (Article 15 of the CBD) -- Preservation of and respect for the knowledge, innovations, and practices of indigenous and local communities (Article 8(j) of the CBD) -- Transfer of technology (Article 16 of the CBD) -- State of play at the WTO and CBD -- Developments at the WTO -- Developments at the CBD -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence under the TRIPS Agreement -- Canada - Patent Protection, 2000 -- US - Copyright, 2000 -- Chapter 8. Participation in WTO Dispute Settlement: The Case of Amicus Briefs -- Background -- Public participation in the creation and implementation of international law -- Public participation in the WTO's dispute settlement process -- Discussion of relevant WTO provisions -- Article 13 of the DSU: Legal authority of panels to accept and consider amicus briefs -- Article 17.9 of the DSU and Rule 16(1) of the working procedures: Authority of the Appellate Body to accept and consider amicus briefs -- Authority of panels and the Appellate Body to accept and consider legal and/or factual information -- Application of discretionary power -- The brief is attached to the party or third-party submission -- Due process considerations -- State-of-play -- Selected literature -- Selected jurisprudence relating to amicus briefs -- EC - Hormones, 1998 -- US - Shrimp/Turtle I, 1998 -- Japan - Varietals, 1999 -- Australia - Salmon 21.5, 2000 -- US - Copyright, 2000 -- EC - Asbestos, 2001 -- EC - Cotton from India, 2001 -- Thailand - Anti-dumping Duties, 2001 -- US - Shrimp/Turtle 21.5, 2001 -- EC - Sardines, 2002 -- US - Softwood Lumber (Preliminary Determinations), 2002 -- US - Countervailing Measures on Certain EC Products, 2003 -- US - Softwood Lumber (Final Determinations), 2004 -- Index
International trade rules have significant impacts on environmental law and policy, at the domestic, regional and global levels. At the World Trade Organization (WTO), dispute settlement tribunals are increasingly called to decide on environment- and health-related questions. Can governments treat products differently based on environmental considerations? Can they block the import of highly carcinogenic asbestos-containing products or genetically modified crops? Does the WTO allow governments to protect dolphins or endangered sea turtles through the use of import restrictions on certain products? How can civil society participate in WTO dispute settlement? This Guide, authored by five world leaders on international environmental and trade law at the Center for International Environmental Law (CIEL), is an accessible, comprehensive, one-of-a-kind compendium of environment and trade jurisprudence under the WTO. Providing an overview for both experts and non-experts of the major themes relevant to environment and trade, it also analyses how WTO tribunals have approached these themes in concrete disputes and provides selected excerpts of the most significant cases
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Bernasconi-Osterwalder, Nathalie Environment and Trade : A Guide to WTO Jurisprudence London : Taylor & Francis Group,c2005 9781844072989
Subject Foreign trade regulation -- Environmental aspects -- Cases.;Foreign trade regulation -- Cases.;Non-tariff trade barriers -- Law and legislation -- Environmental aspects.;Non-tariff trade barriers -- Cases.;International trade -- Environmental aspects.;Environmental policy -- Economic aspects
Electronic books
Alt Author Magraw, Daniel
Oliva, Maria Julia
Tuerk, Elisabeth
Orellana, Marcos
Roch, Philippe
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