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Author Kittel, E Wolfram
Title Soft Multihadron Dynamics
Imprint Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Company, 2005
©2005
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (670 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Preface -- Bibliography -- Contents -- Chapter 1 Total Cross Sections and Diffraction -- 1.1 Introduction and synopsis -- 1.2 Preliminaries -- 1.2.1 DIS kinematics and cross sections -- 1.2.2 Regge formalism -- 1.3 Data on total and elastic cross sections -- 1.3.1 Energy dependence of hadronic total cross sections -- 1.3.2 The *p total cross section at HERA -- 1.3.3 Parton densities and the gluon -- 1.3.4 Elastic scattering -- 1.4 Inelastic diffraction -- 1.4.1 Experimental signatures -- 1.4.2 Hadron-hadron inelastic diffraction -- 1.4.3 Inclusive diffraction at HERA -- 1.4.4 Hard diffraction at the Tevatron -- 1.5 A generic picture of high energy collisions -- 1.5.1 Unitarity -- 1.5.2 Elastic diffraction and shrinkage -- 1.5.3 Inelastic diffraction as a regeneration process -- 1.5.4 Ioffe time -- 1.5.5 The Gribov-Feynman parton model -- 1.6 Models for diffraction -- 1.6.1 Diffraction and partons: the Miettinen and Pumplin model -- 1.6.2 Modern QCD models of diffraction -- 1.7 Summary -- Bibliography -- Chapter 2 Inclusive and Exclusive Data Analysis in LPS, Event Shape -- 2.1 General scheme -- 2.2 Inclusive LPS analysis and its variables -- 2.2.1 Longitudinal and transverse momenta -- 2.2.2 The Feynman variable x -- 2.2.3 Longitudinal rapidities -- 2.2.4 The variable -- 2.3 Exclusive LPS analysis and its variables -- 2.3.1 Definitions -- 2.3.2 Phase-space effects -- 2.3.3 Kinematics -- 2.4 Deviations from longitudinal phase space (event shape) -- 2.4.1 The variables -- 2.4.2 e+e- collisions -- 2.4.3 Lepton-hadron collisions -- 2.4.4 Hadron-hadron collisions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 3 Three-Particle Exclusive Final States -- 3.1 Shape and energy dependence -- 3.2 Correlation between transverse and longitudinal variables -- 3.3 The prism plot -- 3.4 Isospin analysis -- 3.5 Partial wave analysis -- 3.6 Analytical multichannel analysis
3.7 Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 4 Single-Particle Inclusive Distributions -- 4.1 e+e- collisions -- 4.1.1 Longitudinal, transverse and asymmetry fragmentation functions -- 4.1.2 Leading-particle effect -- 4.1.3 Charge ordering -- 4.1.4 The humpbacked shape -- 4.1.5 The energy evolution of the peak position -- 4.1.6 The higher moments -- 4.1.7 The mass dependence of the fragmentation function -- 4.1.8 Quark- and gluon-jet differences -- 4.1.9 Hadronic production rates -- 4.2 Lepton-hadron collisions -- 4.3 (Early) observations in hadron-hadron collisions -- 4.3.1 Single-particle (and resonance) inclusive spectra -- 4.3.2 Particle yields -- 4.3.3 Reflection of the valence quark distribution -- 4.3.4 Jet universality -- 4.4 Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 5 Early Models -- 5.1 Additive quark model and quark combinatorics -- 5.1.1 The central region -- 5.1.2 The fragmentation region -- 5.2 Quark counting rules and perturbative QCD-based approach -- 5.2.1 Hard processes -- 5.2.2 Soft processes -- 5.2.3 Perturbative QCD diagrams -- 5.3 The quark recombination model -- 5.3.1 The idea -- 5.3.2 Detailed modelling -- 5.3.3 Specific choices of structure and recombination functions -- 5.3.4 The valon model -- 5.3.5 Two-particle distributions -- 5.3.6 Suppression of valence recombination -- 5.3.7 The fusion model -- 5.3.8 Hyperon polarization -- 5.4 Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 6 Fragmentation Models -- 6.1 Fragmentation models for e+e- collisions -- 6.1.1 The perturbative phase -- 6.1.2 The hadronization or fragmentation phase -- 6.2 Deep inelastic collisions -- 6.3 Soft hadron-hadron collisions -- 6.3.1 The Lund fragmentation scheme -- 6.3.2 Dual Parton Models (DPM) -- 6.3.3 The FRITIOF model -- 6.3.4 A first comparison of Lund, FRITIOF and DPM -- 6.3.5 QFM versus QRM? - Unification Efforts -- 6.3.6 Parton-based Gribov-Regge theory
6.3.7 Geometrical branching and ECCO -- 6.4 Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 7 Correlations and Fluctuations, the Formalism -- 7.1 Definitions and notation -- 7.1.1 Exclusive and inclusive densities -- 7.1.2 Cumulant correlation functions -- 7.1.3 Correlations for particles of different species -- 7.1.4 Semi-inclusive correlation functions -- 7.1.5 Factorial and cumulant moments -- 7.1.6 Combinants -- 7.1.7 Cell-averaged factorial moments and cumulants -- generalized moments -- 7.1.8 Multivariate distributions -- 7.2 Poisson-noise suppression -- 7.3 Sum-rules -- 7.4 Scaling laws -- 7.5 Bunching-parameter approach -- 7.6 The wavelet transform -- 7.7 Lévy stable distributions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 8 Final-State Multiplicity -- 8.1 Full phase space -- 8.1.1 Average multiplicity and its energy dependence -- 8.1.2 The shape of the multiplicity distribution and its energy dependence -- 8.1.3 Higher moments -- 8.2 Limited phase-space domains -- 8.2.1 Shape and energy dependence -- 8.2.2 Negative-binomial fits -- 8.2.3 Interpretation -- 8.2.4 Beyond the negative binomial -- 8.3 Information-entropy scaling -- 8.4 Rapidity gap probability -- 8.5 Forward-backward correlations -- 8.6 Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 9 Experimental Results on Correlations -- 9.1 Rapidity correlations -- 9.1.1 Correlations in hadron-hadron collisions -- 9.1.2 Correlations in e+e- and +p-collisions -- 9.1.3 Quantum number dependence -- 9.1.4 Charged-particle multiplicity dependence -- 9.1.5 Transverse momentum dependence -- 9.2 Azimuthal correlations -- 9.3 Angular correlations on the parton level -- 9.4 Correlations in invariant mass -- 9.5 Three-particle rapidity correlations -- 9.6 Summary and conclusions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 10 Multiplicity Fluctuations and Intermittency -- 10.1 Prelude -- 10.2 Normalized factorial moments -- 10.2.1 The method
10.2.2 Results on log-log plots (in one dimension) -- 10.2.3 Model predictions -- 10.2.4 A warning -- 10.3 Higher dimensions -- 10.3.1 The projection effect -- 10.3.2 Transformed momentum space -- 10.3.3 A generalized power law -- 10.3.4 Thermal versus non-thermal phase transition -- 10.3.5 Self-affinity -- 10.4 Dependences of the intermittency effect -- 10.4.1 Charge dependence -- 10.4.2 Rapidity dependence -- 10.4.3 Transverse-momentum dependence -- 10.4.4 Dependence on jet topology -- 10.4.5 Energy and multiplicity (density) dependence -- 10.5 Factorial cumulants -- 10.6 Factorial correlators -- 10.6.1 The method -- 10.6.2 Results -- 10.6.3 Interpretation -- 10.7 Multifractal behavior -- 10.7.1 Factorial moments of continuous order -- 10.7.2 Experimental results -- 10.7.3 Bunching parameters -- 10.8 Density and correlation strip-integrals -- 10.8.1 The method -- 10.8.2 Results -- 10.8.3 Genuine higher-order correlations -- 10.8.4 Transverse-momentum and multiplicity dependence (revisited) -- 10.8.5 Bose-Einstein correlations versus QCD effects -- 10.9 Analytical QCD predictions -- 10.9.1 The QCD framework -- 10.9.2 Two-particle angular correlations -- 10.9.3 Fluctuations in one- and two-dimensional angular regions -- 10.9.4 In (transverse-)momentum cut phase space -- 10.10 Individual Events -- 10.10.1 Single-event intermittency -- 10.10.2 Erraticity -- 10.10.3 Void analysis -- 10.10.4 Entropy -- 10.11 Lévy stable distributions -- 10.12 Summary and conclusions -- Bibliography -- Chapter 11 Bose-Einstein Correlations -- 11.1 Pion interferometry -- 11.1.1 The Lorentz invariant (Goldhaber) form -- 11.1.2 The Kopylov-Podgoretskii parametrization -- 11.1.3 Emission function and Wigner function -- 11.1.4 String models -- 11.1.5 The strength parameter -- 11.1.6 The reference sample -- 11.1.7 Coulomb correction -- 11.2 (Early) results in one dimension
11.2.1 Dependence on energy and type of collision -- 11.2.2 The multiplicity (or density) dependence -- 11.2.3 Four types of Monte-Carlo implementation -- 11.2.4 Conclusions so far -- 11.3 Other bosons and fermions -- 11.3.1 The system -- 11.3.2 The K±K± system -- 11.3.3 The system -- 11.3.4 -- 11.3.5 pp and -- 11.3.6 (Transverse) mass dependence of the radius parameter -- 11.3.7 Conclusions so far -- 11.4 Higher-order Bose-Einstein correlations -- 11.4.1 The formalism -- 11.4.2 Experimental results -- 11.4.3 Genuine three-particle correlations -- 11.4.4 Summary -- 11.5 The functional form of the correlation -- 11.6 Multi-dimensional parametrization and shape of the source -- 11.6.1 Directional dependence -- 11.6.2 The Bertsch-Pratt Cartesian parametrization [176,177] -- 11.6.3 The generalized Yano-Koonin-Podgoretskii scheme -- 11.6.4 The Buda-Lund parametrization -- 11.6.5 Longitudinal expansion and decoupling time -- 11.6.6 Duration of pion emission -- 11.6.7 The transverse flow -- 11.6.8 The decoupling volume -- 11.6.9 Examples of models and parametrizations -- 11.6.10 Combined analysis of two-particle correlations and single-particle spectra -- 11.6.11 Azimuthally sensitive analysis -- 11.7 WW overlap -- 11.8 Modification of multiplicity and single-particle spectra -- 11.8.1 Density matrix formalism -- 11.8.2 Independent particle emission -- 11.8.3 The case of a Gaussian density matrix -- 11.8.4 Charge ratios -- 11.9 Conclusions -- Bibliography -- Index -- Figure Credits
Key Features:Serves as an introduction and reference for postgraduate students and senior researchers planning to work in the field
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Kittel, E Wolfram Soft Multihadron Dynamics Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Company,c2005 9789812562951
Subject Hadrons -- Multiplicity.;Particles (Nuclear physics);Quantum chromodynamics
Electronic books
Alt Author De Wolf, Eddi A
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