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Author Mahadevan, Sridhar, 1960-
Title Representation discovery using harmonic analysis [electronic resource] / Sridhar Mahadevan
Imprint San Rafael, Calif (1537 Fourth Street, San Rafael, CA 94901 USA) : Morgan & Claypool Publishers, 2008
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 electronic text (xii, 147 p. : ill.) : digital file
Series Synthesis lectures on artificial intelligence and machine learning, 1939-4616 ; #4
Synthesis lectures on artificial intelligence and machine learning (Online) ; #4
Note Part of: Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science
Title from PDF t.p. (viewed on Nov. 1, 2008)
Series from website
Includes bibliographical references (p. 137-145)
Overview -- Vector spaces -- Fourier bases on graphs -- Multiscale bases on graphs -- Scaling to large spaces -- Case study: State-space planning -- Case study: computer graphics -- Case study: natural language -- Future directions
Abstract freely available; full-text restricted to subscribers or individual document purchasers
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Mode of access: World Wide Web
System requirements: Adobe Acrobat Reader
Representations are at the heart of artificial intelligence (AI). This book is devoted to the problem of representation discovery: how can an intelligent system construct representations from its experience? Representation discovery re-parameterizes the state space - prior to the application of information retrieval, machine learning, or optimization techniques - facilitating later inference processes by constructing new task-specific bases adapted to the state space geometry. This book presents a general approach to representation discovery using the framework of harmonic analysis, in particular Fourier and wavelet analysis. Biometric compression methods, the compact disc, the computerized axial tomography (CAT) scanner in medicine, JPEG compression, and spectral analysis of time-series data are among the many applications of classical Fourier and wavelet analysis. A central goal of this book is to show that these analytical tools can be generalized from their usual setting in (infinite-dimensional) Euclidean spaces to discrete (finite-dimensional) spaces typically studied in many subfields of AI. Generalizing harmonic analysis to discrete spaces poses many challenges: a discrete representation of the space must be adaptively acquired; basis functions are not pre-defined, but rather must be constructed. Algorithms for efficiently computing and representing bases require dealing with the curse of dimensionality. However, the benefits can outweigh the costs, since the extracted basis functions outperform parametric bases as they often reflect the irregular shape of a particular state space. Case studies from computer graphics, information retrieval, machine learning, and state space planning are used to illustrate the benefits of the proposed framework, and the challenges that remain to be addressed. Representation discovery is an actively developing field, and the author hopes this book will encourage other researchers to explore this exciting area of research
Also available in print
Subject Knowledge representation (Information theory) -- Mathematics
Wavelets (Mathematics)
Fourier analysis
Artificial intelligence
Dimensionality reduction
Feature construction
Harmonic analysis
Image processing
Information retrieval
Linear algebra
Machine learning
Natural language processing
State space planning
Vari Title Synthesis digital library of engineering and computer science
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