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Author Shimer, Robert
Title Labor Markets and Business Cycles
Imprint Princeton : Princeton University Press, 2010
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (163 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series CREI Lectures in Macroeconomics Ser
CREI Lectures in Macroeconomics Ser
Note Cover -- Half title -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Introduction -- Preface -- 1 The Labor Wedge -- 1.1 A Representative-Agent Model -- 1.2 Deriving the Labor Wedge -- 1.3 Measurement -- 1.4 Alternative Specification of Preferences -- 1.5 Preference Shocks -- 1.6 From Hours to Unemployment -- 2 Benchmark Search Model: Neutrality -- 2.1 Steady State -- 2.2 Productivity Shocks -- 2.3 The Planner's Problem -- 2.4 Extensions -- 2.5 Discussion -- 3 Real Effects of Productivity Shocks -- 3.1 General Preferences -- 3.2 Capital -- 3.3 Shocks to the Employment Exit Probability -- 3.4 Other Shocks -- 4 Rigid Wages -- 4.1 Wage Indeterminacy -- 4.2 No Capital -- 4.3 Capital -- 4.4 Using Hours Data to Test the Model -- 5 Looking Ahead -- 5.1 Theories of Rigid Wages -- 5.2 Empirical Evidence on Rigid Wages -- 5.3 Alternatives to the Matching Function -- 5.4 Relevance to Other Markets -- Appendix A. Data -- References -- Author Index
Labor Markets and Business Cycles integrates search and matching theory with the neoclassical growth model to better understand labor market outcomes. Robert Shimer shows analytically and quantitatively that rigid wages are important for explaining the volatile behavior of the unemployment rate in business cycles. The book focuses on the labor wedge that arises when the marginal rate of substitution between consumption and leisure does not equal the marginal product of labor. According to competitive models of the labor market, the labor wedge should be constant and equal to the labor income tax rate. But in U.S. data, the wedge is strongly countercyclical, making it seem as if recessions are periods when workers are dissuaded from working and firms are dissuaded from hiring because of an increase in the labor income tax rate. When job searches are time consuming and wages are flexible, search frictions--the cost of a job search--act like labor adjustment costs, further exacerbating inconsistencies between the competitive model and data. The book shows that wage rigidities can reconcile the search model with the data, providing a quantitatively more accurate depiction of labor markets, consumption, and investment dynamics. Developing detailed search and matching models, Labor Markets and Business Cycles will be the main reference for those interested in the intersection of labor market dynamics and business cycle research
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Shimer, Robert Labor Markets and Business Cycles Princeton : Princeton University Press,c2010 9780691140223
Subject Labor market.;Business cycles
Electronic books
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