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100 1  Coussé, Evie 
245 10 Usage-Based Approaches to Language Change 
264  1 Amsterdam :|bJohn Benjamins Publishing Company,|c2014 
264  4 |c©2014 
300    1 online resource (281 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
490 1  Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics ;|vv.69 
505 0  Usage-Based Approaches to Language Change -- Editorial 
       page -- Title page -- LCC data -- Table of content -- 
       Introduction -- 1. Original context of the notion 'usage-
       based' -- 2. The interplay between usage and grammar -- 3.
       From a cognition-centred to a communication-centred  usage
       -based perspective -- 4. Usage, variation, and change -- 
       5. Overview of the contributions -- References -- Part 1. 
       Challenging mainstream modelsof language change -- Does 
       innovation need reanalysis? -- 1. Introduction -- 2. 
       Reanalysis -- 3. Problems -- 3.1 Abruptness -- 3.2 
       Ambiguity -- 4. Innovation -- 4.1 Innovation through 
       analogy -- 4.2 Innovation through other mechanisms -- 4.3 
       Structural indeterminacy -- 5. Conclusions -- 
       Acknowledgements -- References -- On cognition and 
       communication in  usage-based models of language change --
       1. Introduction -- 2. Usage events, linguistic structure 
       and the 'ontology of observing' -- 3. Models of 
       communication -- 4. The primacy of meaning -- 5. The 
       linguistic sign -- 6. Entrenchment, system history and the
       role of frequency -- 7. Dynamic stability: feedback, 
       attractors and Eigenwerte -- 8. Innovation theory and 
       actuation/actualisation -- 9. Variation and Diffusion -- 
       Conclusion and outlook -- References -- Part 2. The role 
       of usage in semantic change -- From inferential to 
       mirative -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Background on Yurakaré 
       -- 1.2 Structure of the paper -- 2. A usage- and 
       interaction-based approach to semantic change -- 3. Data 
       and method -- 4. Evidentiality and mirativity -- 5. The 
       Yurakaré inferential evidential =tiba -- 5.1 Evidentiality
       in Yurakaré -- 5.2 The inferential reading -- 5.3 Use in 
       confirmation requests -- 5.4 Confirmation requests with a 
       small inferential step -- 5.5 Use in reconfirmation 
       requests -- 5.6 Use in mirative responses -- 6. Discussion
       -- 7. Conclusion -- References -- Abbreviations 
505 8  Conversational transcript -- Glosses -- The motivation for
       using English suspended dangling participles -- 1. 
       Introduction -- 2. Semantics of the dangling participial 
       construction in English -- 3. Subjective and 
       intersubjective meanings of some suspended dangling 
       participles: The rise of new constructional meanings -- 
       3.1 Considering -- 3.1.1 Characteristics of the main 
       clause -- 3.1.2 Omitted Object of Considering -- 3.2 
       Moving on: Guiding the hearer's attention -- 3.3 The 
       Intersubjectivity of the suspended dangling participial 
       construction: A case of constructionalization -- 3.4 The 
       subjectivity-intersubjectivity continuum -- 3.5 Degree of 
       intersubjectivity -- 4. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- 
       References -- The nature of speaker creativity in  
       linguistic innovation -- 1. Introduction -- 2. 
       Terminological problems -- 3. Speaker creativity in 
       linguistic innovation -- 4. The relationship between 
       speaker creativity and its linguistic instantiations -- 5.
       Conclusion -- Acknowledgment -- References -- Part 3. The 
       role of usage and structurein language change -- 
       Reanalysis and gramma(ticaliza)tion of constructions -- 1.
       Introduction -- 1.1 Basic assumptions, hypotheses and 
       research questions -- 1.1.1 Basic assumptions -- 1.1.2. 
       Hypotheses -- 1.1.3. Research questions -- 1.2. Corpus -- 
       1.3. Outline of the paper -- 2. Reanalysis A > B (1): From
       subordinate to deictic relative construction -- 2.1. 
       Characteristics of the deictic relative construction -- 
       2.2. The origin of the deictic relative construction -- 3.
       Reanalysis A > B (2), the aspectual progressive feature  
       and the actualization of the deictic relative -- 3.1. The 
       progressive nature of the deictic relative -- 3.2. The 
       actualization process with 'voir' -- 3.2.1. Middle French 
       -- 3.2.2. Classical and Modern French -- 3.3. Summary -- 
       4. Reanalysis A > (B >) C: Voici and voilà 
505 8  4.1 Origin of voici and voilà -- 4.2. Characteristics of 
       voici and voilà + the deictic relative construction -- 
       4.3. The actualization process -- 4.4. Summary -- 4.5 
       Discussion -- 5. Conclusion -- References -- Sources for 
       empirical data -- Constructional change, paradigmatic 
       structure and the orientation of usage processes -- 1. 
       Introduction -- 2. The descriptive issue: Danish IO 
       constructions -- 2.1 A preliminary characterisation of the
       change of the IO in Danish -- 2.2 Research questions -- 3.
       Semantic roles and the IO-construction: The content 
       description  of constructions -- 4. Syntagms and paradigms
       -- 5. Reflexive free indirect objects -- 6. The paradigm 
       of the 18th century IO -- 6.1 The paradigmatic 
       organisation of the 18th century IO -- 6.2 Finnish and 
       Danish IOs compared -- 6.3 The role of markedness -- 6.4 
       Comparing 18th century Danish to the modern language -- 
       6.5 Invariance and prototypicality -- 7. The verbs skaffe 
       and købe: Some details of 19th and 20th century usage -- 
       7.1 Skaffe -- 7.2 Købe -- 8. Lexical recategorisations -- 
       7.1 Change of valency as a consequence of constructional 
       change -- 7.2 Orienting lexical change on the background 
       of the structure  of constructions -- 9. Conclusion -- 
       Sources -- References -- Filling empty distinctions of 
       expression  with content -- 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Usage 
       and structure -- 1.2 Grammaticalization -- 1.3 Reanalysis 
       -- 1.4 Empty distinctions -- 2. Case study 1: Old High 
       German umlaut -- 3. Case study 2: Polish masculine 
       nominative plural -- 3.1 Data -- 3.2 Interpretation -- 4. 
       Case study 3: quantification in Russian -- 5. Conclusion -
       - Sources -- References -- Author index -- Subject index 
520    This article opens with a brief discussion of the 
       fundamental issues of usage, structure, grammaticalization
       and reanalysis and then introduces the key concept of an 
       empty distinction, which is defined as a conventionalized 
       distinction of expression that has lost its former 
       motivation (semantic or non-semantic, in particular 
       phonological) as the result of a change. Three change 
       scenarios involving a stage with an empty distinction are 
       considered. The first case study is concerned with the 
       reinterpretation of Old High German umlauted vs. non-
       umlauted vowel as a marker of number, thus exemplifying an
       empty distinction originating in a change of the sound 
       system. The second case study considers the complicated 
       development of the inflectional morphemes for the 
       nominative plural of Polish masculine nouns, and it is 
       shown that this change scenario involves a stage with an 
       empty distinction originating in a degrammation. Finally, 
       the third case study discusses the alternation between the
       accusative and the genitive in the A2 (argument 2) slot in
       the history of Russian and suggests an analysis involving 
       an empty distinction resulting from domain narrowing of 
       another distinction. In the conclusion the results of the 
       analyses are interpreted in terms of a speakers' strategy 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 Language and languages -- Usage.;Linguistic 
       change.;Cognitive grammar.;Linguistic analysis 
       (Linguistics) 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  von Mengden, Ferdinand 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aCoussé, Evie|tUsage-Based Approaches to 
       Language Change|dAmsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing 
       Company,c2014|z9789027215796 
830  0 Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics 
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