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Author Sarat, Austin
Title Studies in Law, Politics, and Society
Imprint Bingley : Emerald Publishing Limited, 2012
©2012
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (257 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Studies in Law, Politics, and Society Ser. ; v.57
Studies in Law, Politics, and Society Ser
Note Front Cover -- Studies in Law, Politics, and Society -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Editorial Board -- It's not about race, it's about rights -- Introduction -- Part one -- The Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples -- International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights -- International Convention on Elimination of All forms of Racial Discrimination -- Te Tiriti o Waitangi: The Treaty of Waitangi -- Part two -- Maori and Local Government Representation -- Part three -- Tamaki Makaurau/Auckland: A case study3 -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Legislative abolition of the death penalty: A qualitative analysis -- Introduction -- Theoretical expectations -- Party Politics vs. Personal Values -- Issue Frames and the ''New Abolitionism'' -- Data and method -- A tale of two legislatures -- Structural factors: The influence of parties, rules, and process within the legislature -- Entrepreneurs and Leadership -- The Role of Parties -- Substantive factors: The influence of social context and issue frames -- Summary and conclusions -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- The most restrictive alternative: A litigation history of solitary confinement in U.S. prisons, 1960-2006 -- Introduction -- Terminology: Segregation, Solitary Con.nement, and Supermaxes -- Case Selection and Methods -- Historical overview: Solitary confinement and sensory deprivation in the United States, 1776-1973 -- Limited Uses of Solitary Confinement -- Sensory Deprivation Practices -- Supermax prototypes: Prison reform, isolation, and solitary confinement, 1972-1993 -- More Rights and More Litigation -- Arkansas: The Prototypical Prison Conditions Case -- Ohio: The U.S. Supreme Court Reconsiders State Prison Conditions Lawsuits -- Between Hutto and Rhodes: Lower Court Cases Evaluating Isolation Conditions
Mississippi: Dark Hole Solitary Confinement -- Alabama: Torture in Isolation -- Illinois: Procedural Negotiations -- Colorado: Decrepit, Violent Isolation -- California: Institutionalizing Routine and Procedure -- Pennsylvania: Decrepit, Crowded Isolation -- From Maximum Security to Supermaximum Security -- Supermax Designers Disaggregate Rights from Privileges -- The supermax: An overview of the litigation, 1990-2006 -- Limitations of the Eighth Amendment -- Fourteenth Amendment: Room for Reform? -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Return of the wrongly convicted: The test for post-conviction executive references in Australia -- Introduction -- When will petitions be referred back? -- Fresh and New Evidence: A Foundation, Not a House -- Erroneous Evidence: DNA Revelations and Scientific Advancement -- Incomplete Evidence: Prosecutorial Nondisclosure -- Incompetent Evidence: Incompetent or Inadequate Counsel -- Fraudulent or Deceitful Evidence: Perjury and False Confession -- ''Second Opinions'': Medical Evidence -- Biased Tribunal -- Unjustifiable in Law -- Why will petitions be referred back? -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Measuring legal formalism: Reading hard cases with soft frames -- Introduction -- Methodological framework -- Four versions of formalism -- Formal Rationality As a Sociological Phenomenon: Weber -- Formalism As Working in Most Cases: Kelsen and H.L.A. Hart -- Formalism As Almost Not Working: Legal Realism -- Formalism Reframed and Reconstructed -- Legal formalism: Claims and counterclaims -- Legal Decision-Making Is Based on Formal Authorization -- Judicial Decision-Making Involves the Strict Application of Legal Norms without Reference to External Elements in the Legal Environment in Which Decisions Are Made
Judges Apply Legal Norms without Reference to Any Policy Argument or Legal Principle -- Judges Apply Legal Norms without Discretion or Choice -- Judges Apply Legal Norms Based on the Objective Determination of Facts -- The Application of Law Maintains the Boundaries between Fields of the Law -- Judges Must Use a Special Professional Language which Consists of Legal Concepts and Terminology in order to Attain Precision and Predictability -- There is a Direct Connection between Norm Application and Changes in Reality -- Legal Decision-Making Tends to Be Stable, to Preserve the Status Quo, and to Rely on Precedents -- Measures of formalism -- Applying the measure: A case study -- Applying the Measure across Cultures -- Cultures of Formalism in the United States and Israel -- Cases Analysis -- Discussion: Formalism Level of the Cases -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Acknowledgments -- References -- On law's promise: thinking about how we think about law's limits -- Introduction -- The legal imperative -- Legal diagnostics: the problem of abortion -- Social Diagnostics -- Legal therapeutics -- The Translation of Legal Goods into Social Goods -- The Limits of Legal Method -- Learning from law: ''social failure'' -- Conclusion: from the ''obviousness'' of limits, to caring about limits -- Acknowledgments -- Notes -- References
Contains an international and interdisciplinary array of legal scholarship. This work illuminates the law's response to its social context as well as the way law shapes that context. It shows how legal scholars contribute to public debate about contemporary issues as well as how they articulate the nature of rights and the limits of law
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Sarat, Austin Studies in Law, Politics, and Society Bingley : Emerald Publishing Limited,c2012 9781780526225
Subject Law -- Political aspects.;Law -- Social aspects
Electronic books
Alt Author Sarat, Austin
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