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050  4 K5104 -- .V36 2002eb 
082 0  345.0773 
100 1  van Zyl Smit, D 
245 10 Taking life imprisonment seriously in national and 
       international law :|bIn National and International Law 
264  1 Leiden :|bBRILL,|c2002 
264  4 |c©2002 
300    1 online resource (253 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Intro -- Table of Contents -- Acknowledgements -- List of 
       Tables -- CHAPTER 1 - STUDYING LIFE IMPRISONMENT -- 1. 
       What is a life sentence? -- 2. A brief historical 
       introduction -- 3. Justifying and limiting punishment -- 
       a) Prohibitions on cruel, inhuman and degrading 
       punishments -- b) Human dignity -- c) Rehabilitation -- d)
       Liberty, legality and due process -- 4. Punishment in 
       context -- 5. The structure of this book -- CHAPTER 2 - 
       THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA -- 1. The current position --
       2. Historical background -- a) The colonies and the new 
       republic -- b) A new penal vision -- c) Implementing the 
       new vision -- d) Consolidation and restriction -- 3. The 
       1970s and the modern era -- a) Life sentences for drug 
       offenders -- b) Life without parole -- c) 'Three strikes 
       and you are out' -- 4. Life imprisonment and the 
       Constitution -- 5. Juveniles -- 6. Indirect life sentences
       for the dangerous sane? -- 7. Conclusion -- CHAPTER 3 - 
       ENGLAND AND WALES -- 1. The current position -- 2. 
       Historical background -- a) Early alternatives to the 
       death penalty -- b) Indeterminate preventive sentences -- 
       c) Life imprisonment and the abolition of the death 
       penalty -- 3. The new system in operation -- 4. 
       Contemporary life imprisonment: so what has changed? -- a)
       Imposing life prior to the Human Rights Act 1998 -- b) 
       Implementing life -- 5. Human rights for lifers as the way
       forward? -- 6. Conclusion -- CHAPTER 4 - GERMANY -- 1. The
       current position -- 2. Historical background -- 3. The 
       purpose of imprisonment and the life sentence -- 4. The 
       constitutional challenge -- 5. The impact of the 1977 
       decision of the Federal Constitutional Court -- 6. Further
       constitutional decisions -- 7. Abolition as the 
       (constitutional) alternative? -- 8. Resurgent 
       punitiveness? -- 9. Conclusion -- CHAPTER 5 - 
       INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE -- 1. The current position 
505 8  2. Punishment in international law -- 3. The International
       Law Commission -- a) Arguments against life imprisonment -
       - b) Arguments for life imprisonment -- 4. Building on the
       debate of the International Law Commission -- 5. Life 
       imprisonment and international Realpolitik -- a) Life 
       imprisonment as automatic substitute for the death 
       penalty? -- b) Releasing lifers -- c) The tribunals in 
       practice -- 6. The International Criminal Court: a 
       principled compromise? -- a) Restricted use of life 
       imprisonment -- b) International penalties and national 
       laws -- c) Enforcement of sentences -- 7. Conclusion -- 
       CHAPTER 6 - TAKING LIFE IMPRISONMENT SERIOUSLY? -- 1. 
       Introduction -- 2. Severity and proportionality -- 3. Life
       sentences for habitual offenders? -- 4. Dangerousness and 
       risk as limits on proportionality -- 5. Dangerousness 
       tamed? -- 6. Life imprisonment for the most severe crimes?
       -- 7. Human dignity -- 8. Practice -- 9. Conclusion -- 
       BIBLIOGRAPHY -- TABLE OF CASES -- INDEX -- A -- B -- C -- 
       D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -
       - P -- R -- S -- T -- U -- V -- W -- Z 
520    This text tackles the complexity of life imprisonment - 
       describing how various forms of it are imposed and 
       implemented in the US, England and Wales and Germany, as 
       well as in the international system of criminal justice. 
       The book also examines the justifications for its use 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 Life imprisonment.;Criminal justice, Administration of 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Van Zyl Smit, Dirk 
700 1  Smit, 
776 08 |iPrint version:|avan Zyl Smit, D.|tTaking life 
       imprisonment seriously in national and international law :
       In National and International Law|dLeiden : BRILL,c2002
       |z9789041117724 
856 40 |uhttps://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sinciatw/
       detail.action?docID=253564|zClick to View