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Author Oldham, James
Title English Common Law in the Age of Mansfield
Imprint Chapel Hill : The University of North Carolina Press, 2004
©2004
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (444 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Contents -- Illustrations -- Preface -- Editorial Statement -- Abbreviations -- Part I. Mansfield and the Court of King's Bench -- 1. Lord Mansfield -- 2. The Court of King's Bench -- Mansfield and His Juries -- Equity in King's Bench -- Precedent -- Statutory Interpretation -- Mansfield and the Criminal Law -- At Westminster Hall and Guildhall -- On Assize -- At the Old Bailey -- The Conduct of Trials -- At Westminster Hall and Guildhall -- On Assize -- The Work of the Jury -- Questions of Procedure and Evidence -- Part II. Commerce and Contract -- 3. Contract and Quasi-Contract -- Background -- From Covenant and Debt to Assumpsit -- Mansfield's Jurisprudence -- The Parties' Intentions -- Quasi-Contract and Unjust Enrichment -- The Question of Warranty -- Conclusion -- 4. Bankruptcy -- Background -- Lord Mansfield's Decisions -- Who was a Trader -- Acts of Bankruptcy -- Fraudulent Preferences -- Policing the Statutes -- Conclusion -- 5. Insurance -- The Pre-Mansfield Development -- Mansfield's Contribution -- Fraud or Material Misrepresentation -- Breach of Warranty -- Deviation -- The Consequence of Indemnity -- Insurance versus Wagering -- Other Contexts: Life and Fire Insurance -- Life Insurance -- Fire Insurance -- Conclusion -- 6. Negotiable Instruments -- Definitions and Origins -- Assignability -- The Presumption of Consideration -- Rights of a Bona Fide Holder -- Mansfield and the Emerging Synthesis -- Conclusion -- 7. Usury -- Development -- The Decisional Law -- Mansfield's Cases -- Conclusion -- 8. Prize and Trade -- Prize -- Jurisdiction -- The Prize Court -- Deciding Jurisdictional Conflicts -- Ransom Bills -- Trade -- Conclusion -- 9. Intellectual Property -- Copyright -- Trademark -- Patents -- Conclusion -- Part III. Crime and Tort -- 10. Libel -- Theories about the Pre-Mansfield Development of the Law of Seditious Libel
Lord Mansfield and Seditious Libel -- Intent and Innuendo -- Private Libels -- Conclusion -- 11. Restrictions on Religious Observance -- The Statutes -- The Dissenters -- The Catholics -- Conclusion -- 12. Nuisance -- Development -- Lord Mansfield's Cases -- Conclusion -- 13. Assault, False Imprisonment, and Offenses against Public Order and Welfare -- Conclusion -- 14. Perjury -- Conclusion -- 15. Negligence -- Expanding the Duty of Care -- Disentangling Contract and Tort -- Liability between Strangers -- Conclusion -- 16. Trespass and Trover -- Trespass -- The Direct/Indirect Distinction -- The Role of Fault -- Trover -- The Meaning of Conversion -- Defining ''Wrongful'' -- Conclusion -- Part IV. Status and Property -- 17. Slavery -- Conclusion -- 18. Marriage -- Creditors and the Feme Covert -- Breach of Promise of Marriage -- Criminal Conversation -- Conclusion -- 19. Labor and Employment -- Statutory Background -- The Common Law of Conspiracy -- The Relative Effectiveness of the Laws against Combinations -- Conclusion -- 20. Property and Wills -- Conclusion -- Appendix: Table of Regnal Years -- Bibliography -- Table of Statutes -- Table of Cases -- General Index -- A -- B -- C -- D-E -- F-G -- H-I -- J-K -- L-M -- N-O -- P -- Q-R -- S -- T -- U-W -- Y-Z
In the eighteenth century, the English common law courts laid the foundation that continues to support present-day Anglo-American law. Lord Mansfield, Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench, 1756-1788, was the dominant judicial force behind these developments. In this abridgment of his two-volume book, The Mansfield Manuscripts and the Growth of English Law in the Eighteenth Century, James Oldham presents the fundamentals of the English common law during this period, with a detailed description of the operational features of the common law courts. This work includes revised and updated versions of the historical and analytical essays that introduced the case transcriptions in the original volumes, with each chapter focusing on a different aspect of the law.While considerable scholarship has been devoted to the eighteenth-century English criminal trial, little attention has been given to the civil side. This book helps to fill that gap, providing an understanding of the principal body of substantive law with which America's founding fathers would have been familiar. It is an invaluable reference for practicing lawyers, scholars, and students of Anglo-American legal history
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Oldham, James English Common Law in the Age of Mansfield Chapel Hill : The University of North Carolina Press,c2004 9780807855324
Subject Mansfield, William Murray, -- Earl of, -- 1705-1793.;Law -- England -- History -- 18th century
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