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Author Lamont, Richard J
Title Oral Microbiology at a Glance
Imprint Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2010
©2010
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (95 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series At a Glance (Dentistry) Ser. ; v.38
At a Glance (Dentistry) Ser
Note Oral Microbiology at a Glance -- Contents -- About the authors -- Preface -- 1 Introduction to oral microbiology -- Commensals and pathogens -- Oral diseases -- 2 In the beginning -- The first microbes -- Microbial basis of infectious disease -- Miller and the chemoparasitic theory of caries -- Oral and dental research -- 3 Caries as an infectious disease -- Dental caries as a transmissible disease -- Streptococcus mutans -- Mutans group streptococci -- Link between S. mutans and dental caries -- Immunity to caries -- 4 General properties of saliva -- Saliva production -- Protective role of saliva -- Salivary pellicle -- Saliva as a nutrient -- 5 Salivary mucins and agglutinins -- Composition of mucins -- Properties of mucins -- Bacterial agglutination -- 6 Secretory immunoglobulin A -- Production of S-IgA -- Functions of S-IgA -- Inactivation of salivary defenses -- Development of S-IgA -- The window of infectivity -- Selective IgA deficiency -- 7 Anti-microbial properties of saliva -- Anti-microbial components in saliva -- 8 Innate defenses -- Anti-microbial peptides (AMPs) -- Human AMPs -- 9 Microbes in the oral cavity -- Primary colonizers -- Beneficial effects of bacterial colonizers -- Ecological plaque hypothesis -- Ecology and disease -- 10 Molecular microbial taxonomy -- Molecular taxonomy -- Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis -- DNA chips -- 11 Systems approaches to oral microbiology -- Transcriptomics -- Proteomics -- Gene ontology -- Post-translational networks -- Tiled arrays -- 12 Oral streptococci -- The genus Streptococcus -- Viridans streptococci -- Lancefield grouping -- Relatedness and pathogenicity of streptococci -- 13 Microbial adherence -- Adherence -- Long-range adherence -- Specific adhesion -- Oral bacterial adhesins and receptors -- 14 Complex communities -- Inter-microbial reactions -- Co-adhesion
Metabolic associations -- Antagonism -- 15 Biofilms -- Biofilm development -- Microbial recognition of surfaces and interbacterial communication -- The biofilm matrix, resilience and resistance -- 16 Bacterial polysaccharides -- Extracellular polysaccharide production -- Glycosyltransferases and fructosyltransferases -- Glucan binding proteins -- EPS produced by oral Gram-negatives -- 17 Microbiology of caries -- Structure of teeth -- Dental caries -- Types of dental caries -- Important bacteria in caries -- Emerging and polymicrobial pathogens -- 18 Virulence factors of S. mutans -- Initial attachment to tooth surfaces -- Polysaccharide production -- Acid production -- Acid tolerance -- Biofilm adaptation -- 19 Host and environmental factors in caries -- Host factors -- Dietary factors -- Caries risk assessment -- 20 Fluoride -- Modes of action of fluoride -- Strategies for fluoride delivery -- Anti-microbial effects of fluoride -- Enhancing anti-microbial effects -- 21 Anti-caries strategies -- Inhibitors -- Probiotics -- Immunization -- Vaccination -- 22 Periodontal diseases -- Classification of periodontal diseases -- Role of plaque bacteria in periodontal diseases -- Role of host factors in periodontal diseases -- 23 Microorganisms associated with periodontal diseases -- Gingivitis -- Chronic periodontitis -- Localized aggressive periodontitis -- Generalized aggressive periodontitis -- Color-coded complexes -- P. gingivalis, a consensus pathogen -- A. actinomycetemcomitans, a pathogen in LAP -- Culture independent bacterial detection -- 24 Colonization by periodontal bacteria -- Adhesion -- Periodontal bacterial adhesins -- Intracellular invasion -- Mechanisms of invasion -- Host responses to intracellular bacteria -- 25 Virulence factors of periodontal bacteria -- Toxins -- Proteolytic enzymes -- Bacterial components that impact alveolar bone
Other toxic products -- 26 The immune response and periodontal bacteria -- Importance of neutrophils -- Innate immune sensing of periodontal bacteria -- Tissue destruction and bone loss -- Genetic factors associated with periodontal disease -- 27 Relationship between periodontal diseases and systemic health -- Pathogenic mechanisms - general principles -- Cardiovascular disease (CVD) -- Adverse pregnancy outcomes -- Pulmonary infections -- Diabetes -- Osteoporosis -- 28 Implants and titanium -- Osseo-integration -- Implant structure -- Peri-implantitis -- Bacteria associated with peri-implantitis -- Asepsis and treatment -- 29 Endodontic infections -- Dentinal tubules -- Bacterial invasion of dentin -- Microbiota of endodontic infections -- Symptomatic versus asymptomatic -- Treatment -- 30 Host factors in endodontic infections -- Pulpal infections -- Periapical abscesses -- Repair and angiogenesis -- Resistant bacteria -- 31 Infective endocarditis -- Bacteria in IE -- Mechanism of vegetation formation -- Bacterial virulence factors -- Antibiotics in IE -- 32 Oral mucosal, bone and systemic infections -- Mucosal infections -- Submucosal and bone infections -- Oral manifestations of systemic infections -- Systemic manifestations of oral infections -- 33 Candida albicans and fungal infections -- C. albicans infections -- Denture stomatitis -- Angular cheilitis -- Gingivitis and periodontal disease -- Prosthetic implants -- Biofilms and antifungal drugs -- 34 Oral virology I, herpes, papillomavirus and parvovirus -- Herpes viruses -- Papillomaviruses -- Parvoviruses -- 35 Oral virology II, hepatitis and HIV -- Hepatitis B virus (HBV) -- Hepatitis D virus (HDV, delta agent) -- Other hepatitis viruses -- Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -- 36 Antibiotics and antibiotic resistance -- Antibiotics in dentistry -- Resistance to anti-microbial agents
Transfer of anti-microbial resistance -- Curtailing anti-microbial resistance -- 37 Sterilization -- Heat -- Radiation -- Chemicals -- 38 Disinfection -- Physical -- Chemical -- 39 Infection control -- Prions -- Dental unit water lines (DUWL) -- 40 Bioterrorism -- Anthrax -- Botulism -- Smallpox -- Salmonella -- Biological Weapons Convention -- Index
Oral Microbiology At A Glance is a title in the highly popular at a Glance series. It provides a concise and accessible introduction and revision aid. Following the familiar, easy-to-use at a Glance format, each topic is presented as a double-page spread with key facts accompanied by clear diagrams encapsulating essential information. Systematically organized and succinctly delivered, Oral Microbiology At A Glance covers: Oral microbial origins of health or disease Various infections ranging from dental caries, periodontal and endodontic infections to oral mucosal, bone, and systemic infections Local and systemic extensions of oral infections Sterilization, disinfection, infection control methods, and bioterrorism Oral Microbiology At A Glance is the ideal companion for students of microbiology, all students of dentistry, and early career clinicians. In addition the text will provide valuable insight for general dental practitioners wanting to update their knowledge of oral microbiology and immunology, as well as dental hygienists, therapists and technicians
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Lamont, Richard J. Oral Microbiology at a Glance Hoboken : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2010 9780813828923
Subject Mouth -- Microbiology -- Handbooks, manuals, etc.;Mouth -- Care and hygiene
Electronic books
Alt Author Jenkinson, Howard F
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