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Author Jones, Robert Wynn
Title Applications of Palaeontology : Techniques and Case Studies
Imprint Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2011
©2011
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (422 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Applications of Palaeontology -- Title -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- 1 Work-flows in applied palaeontology -- 1.1 PROJECT SPECIFICATION AND MANAGEMENT -- 1.2 SAMPLE ACQUISITION -- 1.2.1 Surface sample acquisition -- Acquisition of surface samples for their macrofossil content -- Acquisition of surface samples for their microfossil content -- 1.2.2 Subsurface sample acquisition -- 1.3 SAMPLE PROCESSING -- 1.4 SAMPLE ANALYSIS -- 1.5 ANALYTICAL DATA ACQUISITION -- 2 Biostratigraphy and allied disciplines, and stratigraphic time-scales -- 2.1 SUMMARY OF BIOSTRATIGRAPHIC SIGNIFICANCE AND USEFULNESS OF PRINCIPAL FOSSIL GROUPS -- Characteristics of biostratigraphically significant and useful fossil groups -- 2.1.1 Bacteria -- Cyanobacteria -- 'Archaebacteria' -- 2.1.2 Plant-like protists (Algae) -- Dinoflagellates -- Silicoflagellates -- Diatoms -- Calcareous nannoplankton -- Calcareous Algae -- Acritarchs -- Bolboforma -- 2.1.3 Animal-like protists (Protozoa) -- Testate Amoebae -- Foraminifera -- Radiolarians -- Calpionellids -- 2.1.4 Plants -- Plant macrofossils, spores and pollen, and phytoliths -- 2.1.5 Fungi -- Fungal spores and hyphae -- 2.1.6 Invertebrate animals -- 'Ediacarans' -- 'Small shelly fossils' (SSFs) -- Sponges -- Archaeocyathans -- Stromatoporoids -- Corals -- Brachiopods -- Bryozoans -- Bivalves -- Gastropods -- Ammonoids -- Belemnites -- Tentaculitids -- Trilobites -- Ostracods -- Branchiopods -- Insects -- Crinoids -- Echinoids -- Graptolites -- Chitinozoans -- 2.1.7 Vertebrates -- Fish macrofossils, conodonts, ichthyoliths and otoliths -- Amphibians -- Reptiles and birds -- Mammals -- Trace fossils -- 2.2 BIOSTRATIGRAPHY -- 2.2.1 Biostratigraphic zonation or biozonation -- Resolution -- 2.2.2 Correlation -- 2.3 PROTEROZOIC -- 2.4 PALAEOZOIC -- 2.5 MESOZOIC -- 2.6 CENOZOIC
2.7 BIOSTRATIGRAPHIC TECHNOLOGIES -- 2.7.1 Graphic correlation -- 2.7.2 Constrained optimisation (CONOP) -- 2.7.3 Ranking and scaling (RASC) -- 2.7.4 Cluster analysis -- 2.8 ALLIED DISCIPLINES -- 2.8.1 Chemostratigraphy -- Carbon isotope stratigraphy -- Oxygen isotope stratigraphy -- Strontium isotope stratigraphy -- Trace element stratigraphy -- 2.8.2 Cyclostratigraphy -- 2.8.3 Heavy minerals -- 2.8.4 Magnetostratigraphy -- 2.8.5 Radiometric dating -- 2.8.6 Quaternary dating methods -- 2.9 STRATIGRAPHIC TIME-SCALES -- 2.9.1 Global stratotype sections and points (GSSPs) -- Palaeozoic -- Mesozoic -- Cenozoic -- 3 Palaeobiology -- 3.1 SUMMARY OF PALAEOBIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE AND USEFULNESS OF PRINCIPAL FOSSIL GROUPS -- 3.1.1 Bacteria -- Cyanobacteria -- 'Archaebacteria' -- 3.1.2 Plant-like protists (Algae) -- Dinoflagellates -- Silicoflagellates -- Diatoms -- Calcareous nannoplankton -- Calcareous Algae -- Acritarchs -- Bolboforma -- 3.1.3 Animal-like protists (Protozoa) -- Testate Amoebae -- Foraminifera -- Radiolarians -- Calpionellids -- 3.1.4 Plants -- Plant macrofossils, spores and pollen, and phytoliths -- 3.1.5 Fungi -- Fungal spores and hyphae -- 3.1.6 Invertebrate animals -- 'Ediacarans' -- 'Small shelly fossils' (SSFs) -- Sponges -- Archaeocyathans -- Stromatoporoids -- Corals -- Brachiopods -- Bryozoans -- Bivalves -- Gastropods -- Ammonoids -- Belemnites -- Tentaculitids -- Trilobites -- Ostracods -- Branchiopods -- Insects -- Crinoids -- Echinoids -- Graptolites -- Chitinozoans -- 3.1.7 Vertebrates -- Fish macrofossils, conodonts, ichthyoliths and otoliths -- Amphibians -- Reptiles and birds -- Mammals -- Trace fossils -- 3.2 PALAEOBIOLOGICAL, PALAEOECOLOGICAL OR PALAEOENVIRONMENTAL INTERPRETATION -- Palynofacies -- Palaeoenvironmental interpretation on the basis of analogy -- The principle of uniformitarianism
Palaeoenvironmental interpretation on the basis of functional morphology -- Life position and feeding strategy -- 3.2.1 Non-marine environments -- 3.2.2 Marine environments -- Oxygen-related biofacies in marine environments -- 3.3 PALAEOBATHYMETRY -- 3.3.1 Marginal marine environments -- Deltas -- 3.3.2 Shallow marine environments -- Reefs -- 3.3.3 Deep marine environments -- Oxygen minimum zones -- Submarine fans -- Hydrothermal vents, 'nekton falls' and 'cold (hydrocarbon) seeps' -- 3.4 PALAEOBIOGEOGRAPHY -- 3.4.1 Proterozoic -- Palaeobiogeographic realms or provinces -- 3.4.2 Palaeozoic -- Palaeobiogeographic realms or provinces -- Terrane reconstruction -- 3.4.3 Mesozoic -- Palaeobiogeographic realms or provinces -- Terrane reconstruction -- 3.4.4 Cenozoic -- Palaeobiogeographic realms or provinces -- 3.5 PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY -- 3.5.1 Proterozoic -- 3.5.2 Palaeozoic -- 3.5.3 Mesozoic -- 3.5.4 Cenozoic -- 3.6 PALAEO-OCEANOGRAPHY -- 3.7 QUANTITATIVE AND OTHER TECHNIQUES IN PALAEOBIOLOGY -- 3.7.1 Palaeobathymetric interpretation techniques -- 3.7.2 Palaeobiogeographic and palaeoclimatological interpretation techniques -- 3.7.3 Cluster analysis and 'fuzzy C means' cluster analysis -- 3.7.4 ' Fuzzy logic' -- 3.8 KEY BIOLOGICAL EVENTS IN EARTH HISTORY -- Evolution and extinction -- Evolution -- Evolutionary events -- Evolutionary biotas -- Extinction -- Mass extinction events -- Effects of mass extinction events -- Periodicity of mass extinction events -- Causes of mass extinction events -- 3.8.1 Proterozoic -- The origin of life (prokaryotes) -- The evolution of complex life (eukaryotes) -- The evolution of multicellularity -- The Late Precambrian mass extinction -- 3.8.2 Palaeozoic -- The Cambrian evolutionary diversification -- The evolution of reefs -- The Early Cambrian mass extinction -- The Late Cambrian mass extinction
The Ordovician evolutionary diversification -- The evolution of vertebrates -- The evolution of life on land -- The end-Ordovician mass extinction -- The Late Devonian mass extinction -- The evolution of forests -- The evolution of flight -- The end-Permian mass extinction -- 3.8.3 Mesozoic -- The Mesozoic evolutionary diversification -- The end-Triassic mass extinction -- The evolution of flowering plants -- The Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian-Turonian) mass extinction -- The end-Cretaceous mass extinction -- 3.8.4 Cenozoic -- The end-Palaeocene mass extinction -- The end-Eocene mass extinction -- The evolution of grasslands and grassland animals -- The evolution of humans -- The Pleistocene mass extinction -- The Holocene mass extinction -- 4 Sequence stratigraphy -- 4.1 DEFINITIONS -- Sequences -- Systems tracts -- 4.2 GENERAL AND CLASTIC SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY -- 4.3 CARBONATE SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY -- 4.4 MIXED SEQUENCE STRATIGRAPHY -- 4.5 SEISMIC FACIES ANALYSIS -- 4.6 INTEGRATION OF PALAEONTOLOGICAL DATA -- 4.7 CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHIC DIAGRAMS -- 5 Petroleum geology -- 5.1 PETROLEUM SOURCE-ROCKS AND SYSTEMS, RESERVOIR-ROCKS, AND CAP-ROCKS AND TRAPS -- 5.1.1 Petroleum source-rocks and systems -- Petroleum source-rocks -- Petroleum systems -- 5.1.2 Reservoir-rocks -- 5.1.3 Cap-rocks and traps -- Cap-rocks -- Traps -- 5.2 APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES IN PETROLEUM EXPLORATION -- Petroleum exploration -- Geological, geophysical and integrated techniques -- Drilling, petrophysical logging and testing technologies -- Applications in petroleum exploration -- 5.2.1 Middle East -- Geological setting -- Outcrop geology -- Petroleum geology -- Applications of palaeontology: biostratigraphy -- Palaeobiological interpretation -- Integrated studies -- 5.2.2 North Sea -- Geological setting -- Outcrop geology -- Petroleum geology
Applications of palaeontology: biostratigraphy -- Palaeobiological interpretation -- Integrated studies -- 5.2.3 Northern South America and the Caribbean -- Geological setting -- Outcrop geology -- Petroleum geology -- Applications of palaeontology: biostratigraphy -- Palaeobiological interpretation -- Integrated studies -- 5.2.4 South Atlantic salt basins -- Geological setting -- Outcrop geology -- Petroleum geology -- Applications of palaeontology: biostratigraphy -- Palaeobiological interpretation -- Integrated studies -- 5.2.5 Indian subcontinent -- Geological setting -- Outcrop geology -- Petroleum geology -- Applied palaeontology: biostratigraphy -- Palaeobiological interpretation -- Palaeobiological controls on (biogenic) source-rock development -- Integrated studies -- 5.3 APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES IN RESERVOIR EXPLOITATION -- Reservoir exploitation -- Geological, geophysical and integrated techniques -- Production technologies -- Applications in reservoir exploitation -- 5.3.1 Reservoir characterisation, shallow marine, peri-reefal carbonate reservoir - Al Huwaisah, Dhulaima, Lekhwair and Yibal fields, Oman, and Shaybah field, Saudi Arabia -- Al Huwaisah, Dhulaima, Lekhwair and Yibal fields -- Shaybah field -- 5.3.2 Reservoir characterisation, marginal to shallow marine, peri-deltaic clastic reservoirs - Gullfaks, Snorre and Statfjord fields, Norwegian sector, and Ninian and Thistle fields, UK sector, North Sea -- 5.3.3 Reservoir characterisation, marginal to shallow marine, peri-deltaic clastic reservoir - Pedernales field, Venezuela, northern South America -- 5.3.4 Reservoir characterisation, deep marine, submarine fan reservoir - Forties field, UK sector, North Sea -- 5.4 APPLICATIONS AND CASE STUDIES IN WELL-SITE OPERATIONS -- Petroleum exploration -- Reservoir exploitation
5.4.1 'Biosteering' , shallow marine carbonate reservoir - Sajaa field, United Arab Emirates, Middle East
Shows how palaeontology can be applied to petroleum, mineral and coal exploration and exploitation, engineering geology and environmental science
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Jones, Robert Wynn Applications of Palaeontology : Techniques and Case Studies Cambridge : Cambridge University Press,c2011 9781107005235
Subject Paleontology -- Research -- Case studies.;Earth sciences -- Research -- Case studies.;Engineering geology -- Research -- Case studies
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