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Author Lammerts van Bueren, Edith T
Title Organic Crop Breeding
Imprint Somerset : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2012
©2012
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (309 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- Organic Crop Breeding -- Contents -- Contributors -- Foreword -- Preface -- Acknowledgments -- Section 1 General Topics Related to Organic Plant Breeding -- Chapter 1 Organic Crop Breeding: Integrating Organic Agricultural Approaches and Traditional and Modern Plant Breeding Methods -- Introduction -- How Different Are Organic Farming Systems? -- Consequences for Cultivar Requirements -- From Cultivar Evaluation to Organic Seed Production and Plant Breeding Programs -- The History of Organic Crop Breeding in Europe and the United States -- Perspectives and Challenges for Breeding for Organic Agriculture -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 2 Nutrient Management in Organic Farming and Consequences for Direct and Indirect Selection Strategies -- Introduction -- Availability of Nutrients in Organic Farming -- Roots: The Hidden Potential -- Even Greater Complexity: Plant-Microbe-Soil Interactions -- Importance of Selection Environments -- Breeding Strategies -- References -- Chapter 3 Pest and Disease Management in Organic Farming: Implications and Inspirations for Plant Breeding -- Introduction -- Plant Protection in Organic Farming -- Key Target Areas of Plant Breeding for Organic Plant Protection -- Breeding Goals for Ecological Plant Protection -- Plant Breeding Approaches Directly Targeting Pests or Diseases -- Plant Breeding Approaches with Indirect Effects on Plant Health -- Discussion and Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 4 Approaches to Breed for Improved Weed Suppression in Organically Grown Cereals -- Background -- Crop Competitiveness Against Weeds -- Crop Traits Involved in Weed Suppression -- Selection of Traits and Their Evaluation in Plant Breeding Programs -- Selection Strategies -- Understanding Crop-Weed Interactions to Assist Plant Breeding -- Concluding Remarks and Wider Perspectives -- References
Chapter 5 Breeding for Genetically Diverse Populations: Variety Mixtures and Evolutionary Populations -- Introduction -- Benefits of Genetic Diversity for Organic Agriculture -- On-Farm Conservation of Useful Genetic Diversity -- Breeding Strategies -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 6 Centralized or Decentralized Breeding: The Potentials of Participatory Approaches for Low-Input and Organic Agriculture -- Introduction -- Centralized and Decentralized Breeding: Definitions -- What Can Be Decentralized in Breeding and Why? -- Participatory Approaches -- PPB: A Single Term Yielding Different Approaches -- Some Examples of PPB for Organic and Low Input Agriculture in Southern Countries -- Some Examples of PPB for Organic and Low Input Agriculture in Northern Countries -- General Conclusions and Limits of PPB Approaches in Organic Farming -- References -- Chapter 7 Values and Principles in Organic Farming and Consequences for Breeding Approaches and Techniques -- Introduction -- Arguments Against Genetic Engineering -- Organic Basic Principles -- Toward Organic Breeding -- From Values to Criteria: Evaluation of Breeding Techniques -- How to Deal with Varieties Bred with Non-compliant Techniques? -- Toward Appropriate Standards to Promote Organic Plant Breeding -- Discussion and Challenges for Organic Plant Breeding -- References -- Chapter 8 Plant Breeding, Variety Release, and Seed Commercialization: Laws and Policies Applied to the Organic Sector -- Introduction -- The Developments of Plant Breeding and the Emergence of Seed Laws -- Variety Registration -- Seed Quality Control and Certification -- Special Needs for Organic Agriculture -- A Recent Development in Europe: Conservation Varieties -- Intellectual Property Rights and Plant Breeding -- Discussion -- Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- Section 2 Organic Plant Breeding in Specific Crops
Chapter 9 Wheat: Breeding for Organic Farming Systems -- Introduction -- Methods -- Traits for Selection in Organic Breeding Programs -- A Case Study for EPB: Lexi's Project -- A Case Study for Breeding within a Supply Chain Approach: Peter Kunz and Sativa -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 10 Maize: Breeding and Field Testing for Organic Farmers -- Introduction -- What Kind of Maize do Organic Farmers Want? -- Are There Viable Alternatives to Single Cross Hybrids? -- Testing and Using Alternative Hybrids -- Are There Benefits for Breeding under Organic Conditions? -- For Which Traits Is It Necessary to Test under Organic Conditions? -- Choice of Parents for Breeding Programs -- Breeding Programs -- Future Directions -- Notes -- References -- Chapter 11 Rice: Crop Breeding Using Farmer-Led Participatory Plant Breeding -- Introduction -- MASIPAG and Participatory Rice Breeding -- Beyond PPB: Farmer-Led Rice Breeding -- The Breeding Process -- Outcomes of the MASIPAG Program -- Outlook -- References -- Chapter 12 Soybean: Breeding for Organic Farming Systems -- Introduction -- Agronomic Characters -- Seed Quality Features -- Considerations on Breeding Methods -- References -- Chapter 13 Faba Bean: Breeding for Organic Farming Systems -- Purposes of Breeding and Growing Faba Bean -- Genetic and Botanical Basics of Breeding Faba Bean -- Methodological Considerations -- Traits To Be Improved in Faba Bean Breeding -- Open Questions, Need for Action -- References -- Chapter 14 Potato: Perspectives to Breed for an Organic Crop Ideotype -- Introduction -- Required Cultivar Characteristics -- Introgression Breeding and Applied Techniques -- Participatory Approach: An Example from the Netherlands -- Outlook -- References -- Chapter 15 Tomato: Breeding for Improved Disease Resistance in Fresh Market and Home Garden Varieties -- Introduction
Botanical and Genetic Characteristics of Tomato -- Rationale for Breeding Tomatoes within Organic Systems -- Breeding Needs with Focus on Organic Production -- Case Studies: Breeding for Late Blight Resistance in Europe and North America -- Outlook -- References -- Chapter 16 Brassicas: Breeding Cole Crops for Organic Agriculture -- Introduction -- Rationale for Breeding within Organic Systems -- Plant Biology -- Traits Needed for Adaptation to Organic Production -- Consideration of Breeding Methods -- A Farmer Participatory Broccoli Breeding Program -- Outlook -- References -- Chapter 17 Onions: Breeding Onions for Low-Input and Organic Agriculture -- Introduction -- Robust Onion Cultivars -- Breeding for Improved Nutrient Acquisition -- Mycorrhizal Symbiosis and Product Quality -- Conclusion -- References -- Index
Organic crop production utilizes different approaches and growing environments compared to conventionally raised crops to achieve production in growing systems that mimic natural ecosystems. These systems seek to employ fewer direct inputs and innovative agronomic methods to achieve this goal. This alternative approach has attracted great interest in this rapidly expanding method of crop production. Organic Crop Breeding brings together the latest research on the development of new varieties and cultivars best suited to thrive under organic production. It will also be of interest to those breeding in conventional systems who wish to adapt their breeding goals to sustainable low input agriculture. Organic Crop Breeding will be a useful tool to helping meet the increasing global demand for organically produced grains, vegetables, and fruits. The book is divided into two sections that logically cover the topic from foundational principles to crop-specific examples of organic breeding efforts. The opening section looks at general topics related to organic crop breeding ranging from nutrient management to disease and pest resistance. The second section looks at the applications of these principles to economically important crops such as wheat, maize, rice, potato, legumes and tomato. Written by a global team of the leading experts in the field, Organic Crop Breeding is a field-defining reference that will be of both academic and practical use
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Lammerts van Bueren, Edith T. Organic Crop Breeding Somerset : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2012 9780470958582
Subject Plant breeding.;Organic farming
Electronic books
Alt Author Myers, James R
Lammerts van Bueren, Edith T
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