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Author Altman, Barbara
Title Environmental Contexts and Disability
Imprint Bingley : Emerald Publishing Limited, 2014
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (309 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Research in Social Science and Disability Ser. ; v.8
Research in Social Science and Disability Ser
Note Front Cover -- Environmental Contexts and Disability -- Copyright page -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Introduction: Environmental Contexts and Disability -- Part I: International, National and Community Environmental Patterns -- Part II: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Environment -- Part III: Monitoring Environmental Issues -- Part IV: Individual Environmental Experience -- Conclusion -- References -- Part I: International, National and Community Environmental Patterns -- Disabled Persons Associations at the Crossroads of Two Organizational Environments: Grassroots Groups as Part of an International Movement and Local Civil Society -- Introduction -- The International Disability Movement Promoting a New Organizational Model -- The Tradition of Mass Organizations in Nicaragua -- Data, Methodology, and Field Site -- Responding to Two Organizational Environments -- The International Disability Movement Restructuring the Local Environment -- Conforming to the International Organizational Model -- Resistance to the International Organizational Model -- Innovation at the Crossroads of the International and Local Organizational Environments -- Discussion and Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- The Experience of Environmental Barriers among Adults with Disabilities: A National Description -- Introduction -- Methodology -- Data Source -- Subjects -- Variable Construction -- Environmental Barriers -- Definition of Disability -- Severity of Disability -- Analysis -- Findings -- Discussion -- Notes -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Appendix -- Environmental Barrier Questions -- Assessing and Comparing the Accessibility of Community Environments: A Feasibility Study -- Method -- Sample -- Measures -- Procedures -- Data Analysis -- Results -- Discussion -- Notes -- Acknowledgment -- References
Part II: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Environment -- Disability, Rehabilitation Research and Post-Cartesian Embodied Ontologies - Has the Research Paradigm Changed? -- Introduction -- What Is Ontology and Why Is It Relevant to Understanding Disability? -- The Theoretical Framework -- Embodied Ontologies -- Identity -- Scale -- Embodied Research Methodologies -- A Research Program Commensurate with Embodied Ontology -- Discussion and Conclusion -- Notes -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Schelling's Checkerboard and Computer Simulators' Predictions of Spatial Isolation of Group Homes for Persons with Disabilities -- Spatial Isolation as an Environmental Factor -- "Schelling's Checkerboard" and Spatial Isolation -- Spatial Isolation of Group Homes -- Study One -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Study Two -- Method -- Results -- Discussion -- Concluding Discussion -- Implications for Policy -- Summary -- Acknowledgment -- References -- Exploring the Feasibility of Using "Google Street View" to Assess the Accessibility of Community Environments: Developing Definitions and Observational Protocol for Image Recognition and Classification -- Methods -- Select Test Communities and Specify Sample Areas -- Ascertain and Define Observable Access Features -- Characterize and Define Features -- Develop and Test Observation and Measurements Procedures -- Observation Protocol -- Interobserver Reliability -- Data Analysis -- Findings -- Knowledge Translation -- Discussion -- Acknowledgment -- References -- The Effects of Professional Discourse on Disability 1931-2009: Environments of Inclusive and Restricted Participation -- Culture, Knowledge, Disability, Inclusive Participation -- Reality Construction and Power -- Discourse and Disability -- Methodology -- Interpreting Trends in the Use of Terms -- Results
Professional Discourse, Inclusion, and Participation of Individuals with Disabilities -- The Effects of a Cultural Environment on Inclusion and Participation -- Limitations, Countervailing Power, and Cautionary Remarks -- Conclusion -- References -- Part III: Monitoring Environmental Issues -- Using a Rapid Scan to Assess the Need for a Scoping Review of the Literature on the Environment and Disability -- Method -- Scanning Process -- Main Theme -- Data Sources -- Search Terms -- Inclusion and Exclusion Criteria -- Procedures -- Scope of Coverage and Agreement Between Procedures -- Results -- Discussion -- Conclusions and Implications -- Notes -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Appendix -- NARIC Publications during the First 6 Months of 2012 Identified as Addressing the Environment Explicitly (#1-#12) and Implicitly (#13-#30) -- Examining Macro and Meso Level Barriers to Hiring Persons with Disabilities: A Scoping Review -- Introduction -- Method -- Results -- Summary of the Evidence Literature -- Summary of Grey Literature -- Barrier Synthesis -- Attitudinal Barriers -- Workplace Barriers - Lack of Employer Knowledge of Performance Skill and Capacity -- Workplace Barriers - Employer Lack of Awareness of Disability and the Management of Disability -- Service Delivery System Barriers - Lack of Integration of Services and Policies to Promote Hiring and Retention -- Discussion -- Nature of the Knowledge Base on Barriers in Evidence Literature -- Addressing Macro and Meso Level Areas for Change -- Potential Limitations and Strengths of the Review -- Conclusions and Implications for Examining Macro Level Barriers -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Part IV: Individual Environmental Experience -- 'I Can Reinvent Myself Out Here': Experiences of Nature Inclusion and Mental Well-Being -- Background -- Theoretical Approach -- Methods -- Participants
Qualitative Thematic Analysis -- Findings: Themes -- Sensory Activation -- Re-Imagined Social Relations -- Reinvented Self -- Summary, Strengths and Limitations -- Future Directions -- References -- Encounters with Inaccessibility: The Contexts Women with Spinal Cord Injury Face when Seeking Gynecological Health Care -- Introduction -- Disparities in Health Care Access -- Considering Physical and Social Environmental Contexts -- Method -- Design and Procedures -- Participants -- Data Collection and Measures -- Data Analysis -- Results -- Social Environments Can Reinforce the Inaccessibility of Physical Environments -- Social Environments Sometimes Lessen the Inaccessibility of Physical Environments -- Navigating Inaccessible Environments -- Discussion and Conclusions -- Notes -- References -- An Examination of Systems-Level Barriers to Employment for Persons with Vision Loss -- Methods -- Findings -- Facing and Negotiating Barriers -- Informational Barriers -- Attitudinal Barriers -- Policy and Programmatic Barriers -- Technological Barriers -- Community and Mobility Barriers -- The Cyclical Process of Seeking and Keeping Employment -- Settling for Less -- Discussion -- Summary and Conclusion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- About the Authors and Editors
This volume presents papers which address both individual and societal levels of environment in relation to disability and shed new light on the processes involved with creating or modifying these environmental supports or barriers
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Altman, Barbara Environmental Contexts and Disability Bingley : Emerald Publishing Limited,c2014 9781784412630
Subject Public health.;Environmental health
Electronic books
Alt Author Barnartt, Sharon N
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