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Author Zyberi, Gentian
Title An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect
Imprint New York : Cambridge University Press, 2013
©2013
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (574 pages)
text txt rdacontent
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Note Cover -- Contents -- Notes on Contributors -- Preface -- Acknowledgements -- Part I Theoretical and practical perspectives -- 1 The coining and evolution of responsibility to protect: the protection responsibilities of the State -- The coining and evolution of RtoP -- The primary responsibility to protect under pillar one -- Protection obligations of States under international law -- The obligation to protect populations from genocide -- The obligation to respect and ensure respect for humanitarian law: preventing war crimes -- The prohibition on crimes against humanity -- The obligation to prevent ethnic cleansing -- State obligations to protect under pillars two and three -- Variable responsibilities under RtoP -- 2 Non-State actors -- Introduction -- Non-governmental organisations -- R2P as seen by NGOs -- Scope -- Positive features -- Problematic aspects -- R2P as implemented by NGOs -- NGO roles envisaged by States and core R2P documents -- Specific actions undertaken by NGOs -- R2P as borne by NGOs? -- The International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) -- Armed groups -- Concluding remarks -- 3 Peacekeeping operations -- Introduction -- Responsibility to react through peacekeeping -- Democratic Republic of Congo - October 2005 to the present -- The international response in Darfur, Sudan -- The Central African Republic and Chad -- Rebuilding shattered societies -- Afghanistan -- Haiti -- Implementing the responsibility to protect: Côte d'Ivoire and Libya -- Conclusion -- Part II The United Nations system -- 4 The Security Council -- Introduction -- The responsibility to protect in relation to the UN collective security system -- The responsibility to protect and humanitarian intervention: incompatible concepts or 'two sides of the same coin'? -- Some recent trends in the (non-)application of R2P in the Security Council
Some general conclusions -- 5 The General Assembly -- Introduction -- The Uniting for Peace Resolution -- The legality of Uniting for Peace-based R2P action -- GA recommendation of forcible action and sanctions to address R2P situations -- General Assembly steps towards the implementation of R2P -- The proper role for the General Assembly in implementing R2P -- The role of the General Assembly with regard to early warning and assessment -- The GA on the role of the regional and sub-regional organisations in implementing the responsibility to protect -- Interim evaluation -- Concluding observations -- 6 The Secretary-General -- The possibilities of an impossible mandate -- Addressing mass atrocities after 1945 -- Developing the responsibility to protect -- RtoP's troubled childhood -- Consolidation and implementation -- International assistance to States and structural prevention -- Early warning and assessment -- Timely and decisive response -- Regional and sub-regional organisations -- From promise to practice -- 7 The Human Rights Council -- Introduction -- What does the responsibility to protect add to international law? -- Scattered Human Rights Commission/Council references to the responsibility to protect -- Using the responsibility to protect to spearhead investigations into serious violations of human rights and humanitarian law -- Darfur -- Israeli Occupied Palestinian Territories -- Côte d'Ivoire -- Libya -- Syria -- Discernible shift from rhetoric to action in Human Rights Council practice on the responsibility to protect -- Prospects for the Human Rights Council's future role in operationalising the responsibility to protect -- Recommendations for operationalising the 'responsibility to protect' -- 8 The International Law Commission -- Introduction -- R2P and the protection of persons in the event of disasters
'Collective countermeasures' in the regime on State responsibility -- Conclusion -- Part III Regional and security organisations -- 9 The European Union -- Introduction -- The EU's stated commitment to RtoP -- The EU's capacities for RtoP -- The EU's implementation of RtoP -- Conclusion -- 10 The African Union -- Introduction -- The normative commitment of the African Union to the responsibility to protect -- The African Union institutional dimension of the responsibility to protect -- The African Union Assembly -- The African Peace and Security Architecture -- From Darfur to Libya: diplomatic intervention, interim measures and the AU's comparative advantage -- An incremental approach to deploying an intervention force: the Darfur case -- The politics of naming: the case of Libya -- A delicate balancing act: applying RtoP to a crisis situation while respecting sovereignty -- Conclusion -- 11 The Association of Southeast Asian Nations -- Introduction -- ASEAN and RtoP: an overview -- ASEAN frameworks for human rights and civilian protection -- ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights -- ASEAN Political Security Community -- ASEAN Regional Forum -- ASEAN and the 'practice' of RtoP -- Cyclone Nargis in Burma/Myanmar -- East Timor -- Maguindanao massacre -- Conclusion -- 12 The Organization of American States -- Introduction -- Human rights in the Organization of American States -- Sovereignty -- The security and democracy agenda in the Organization of American States -- Different views among OAS members -- Alternative and new approaches -- Non-indifference -- Responsibility while protecting -- Conclusions and the way forward -- 13 The Arab League -- Introduction -- The Arab League: origin, objectives, structure and limitations -- The Libyan crisis: background and regional and international response
The role of the Arab League in supporting Security Council Resolution 1973 -- Support for the no-fly zone over Libya and democratic transition -- From Libya to Syria: can RtoP survive? -- The role of the Arab League in Syria -- The Arab League's sanctions on Syria -- The Arab League's Protocol for Syria -- The future of RtoP in Syria -- Concluding remarks -- 14 The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe -- Introduction -- Setting the stage for discussion of the CSCE/OSCE-RtoP nexus: the 3 Pillar Framework (3PF) -- The CSCE/OSCE: a major institutional representation of Pillar 3 -- The CSCE: basic institutional structure -- Human rights: the human dimension -- Ending the Cold War: the Paris Summit -- The Conflict Prevention Centre (CPC) -- Mandatory OSCE rapporteur missions and consensus-minus-one decision-making -- The pièce de résistance of the CSCE/OSCE: the High Commissioner on National Minorities (HCNM) -- The Code of Conduct on Politico-Military Aspects of Security -- The platform for cooperative security and the Rapid Expert Assistance and Co-operation Teams (REACT) -- The Russian challenge: reforming the OSCE -- The CSCE/OSCE-RtoP nexus: interim observations -- The new European peace and security system (NEPSS) -- The wisdom of CSCE/OSCE practitioners as predictors of things to come -- The 1993 CSCE survey -- The 1997 OSCE survey -- The 1999 OSCE survey -- The 2004 OSCE survey -- Comparisons across the four surveys -- Conclusion -- 15 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization -- Introduction -- NATO structure and function -- NATO strategy and policy -- The mode of military action -- Best practices in NATO operations -- Training -- Rules of engagement -- Claims -- Planning and staff processes -- Conclusion -- Part IV International courts and tribunals -- 16 The International Court of Justice -- Introduction
The ICJ's jurisdiction and the law of international responsibility -- The ICJ and the responsibility to protect -- The legal foundations of the responsibility to protect -- The duties of the State under the 1948 Genocide Convention -- The duty to prevent genocide -- The duty to ensure accountability for mass atrocity crimes -- Reparations for the violation of responsibility to protect obligations -- Concluding remarks -- 17 The United Nations Criminal Tribunals for Yugoslavia and Rwanda -- Introduction -- Deterrence and the Tribunals -- The basis for a framework to analyse international criminal tribunals' contribution to deterrence -- Deterrence at an international level: situations of violent conflict and rational actors -- Certainty of apprehension and swiftness of punishment -- Aspects of punishment and legal norms and their potential to deter -- Knowledge and consistency of rule enforcement and credible threat of prosecution -- Legitimacy -- Interim conclusion -- Preventing the commission of international crimes: the proactive dimension of the ICTY and ICTR through the use of substantive and procedural criminal law -- Proactive international criminal law: starting the debate? -- Preventive international criminal law and the ICTY and ICTR -- Conclusion -- 18 The International Criminal Court -- Introduction -- The ICC's legal framework and the responsibility to protect -- The ICC prosecutorial policy and the responsibility to protect -- The UN Security Council and the International Criminal Court: implications for the responsibility to protect -- The International Criminal Court and prevention -- Conclusions -- Part V Regional human rights protection mechanisms -- 19 The European system of human rights -- Introduction -- The Council of Europe: its origin and role -- Extent of Council of Europe's responsibility to protect
The application of the European Convention on Human Rights to States exercising the responsibility to protect
An institutional perspective on realizing the responsibility to protect populations from genocide, war crimes, ethnic cleansing and crimes against humanity
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Zyberi, Gentian An Institutional Approach to the Responsibility to Protect New York : Cambridge University Press,c2013 9781107036444
Subject Responsibility to protect (International law);International obligations
Electronic books
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