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Author Matras, Yaron
Title Typology and Dialectology of Romani
Imprint Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company, 1997
©1997
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (255 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Current Issues in Linguistic Theory
Current Issues in Linguistic Theory
Note THE TYPOLOGY AND DIALECTOLOGY OF ROMANI -- Editorial page -- Title page -- Copyright page -- Table of contents -- INTRODUCTION -- 1. Romani linguistics: a very brief history -- 2. Core typological features and the unity of Romani -- 3. Dialectal diversity in Romani -- 4. This volume -- Endnotes -- Appendix: Dialects and varieties of Romani mentioned in the present volume -- References -- LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS -- ATHEMATIC MORPHOLOGY IN ROMANI: THE BORROWING OF A BORROWING PATTERN -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Athematic items: The borrowing pattern -- 1.1 Vlax: Gurbet, Yugoslavia -- 1.2 Borrowed items in Welsh Romani -- 1.3 Borrowed items in Terzi Mahalla Romani -- 1.4 Borrowed items in Roman (Burgenland Romani) -- 1.5 Adaption of Turkish elements in the Sepečides dialect of Izmir, Turkey -- 1.6 Summary -- 2. Adaption of foreign elements into Greek -- 2.1 Turkish borrowings in Silli Greek -- 2.2 Turkish borrowings in Cappadocian Greek -- 2.3 Turkish borrowings in Pharása Greek -- 2.4 Turkish loans in Cypriot Greek -- 2.5 Greek in the Anglophone diaspora and in Greece -- 2.6 Adaption of loanwords into the Greek standard language -- 2.7 Adaption of loanwords in the Greek vernacular -- 2.8 Adaption of Turkish nouns in Greek dialects -- 2.9 Summary: Borrowings into Greek -- 3. The parallels between borrowings into Greek and Romani -- 3.1 Nouns -- 3.2 Adjectives -- 3.3 Verbs -- 3.4 More on adjectives -- 4. Discussion -- 5. Conclusion -- Endnotes -- References -- TOWARDS A MORPHOLOGY-BASED TYPOLOGY OF ROMANI -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Prague School typology -- 2. The typology of Romani -- 3. The word -- 4. Word structure and its analysis -- 4.1 Analysis -- 5. Verbal inflection -- 5.1 Analytic expression -- 5.2 Synthetic expression -- 5.3 Variants -- 6. Nominal inflection -- 6.1 Instrumental -- 6.2 Possessive -- 6.3 Adjectives -- 6.4 Diminutives
7. The structure of paradigms and word classification -- 8. Morphonology and phonology -- 9. Word-formation -- 10. Syntax -- 10.1 Agreement -- 10.2 Word order -- 10.3 Numeral constructions -- 10.4 Clauses -- 11. Comparison: Varieties of Romani -- 11.1 Analyticity -- 11.2 Agglutination -- 11.3 Inflectivity -- 12. Comparison: Indo-Aryan languages -- 12.1 Verbs -- 12.1 Nouns -- 12.3 Adjectives -- 12.4 Syntax -- 13. Conclusion -- References -- THE TYPOLOGY OF CASE RELATIONS AND CASE LAYER DISTRIBUTION IN ROMANI -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Case layers: the overt marking of case relations -- 1.1 Layer I -- 1.2 Layer II -- 13 Layer III -- 1.4 The position of Romani case layers in Indo-Iranian -- 1.5 Types of grammaticalization patterns in Layer III -- 1.6 Incorporation: a semantic opposition in Layer III -- 2. The Distribution Hierarchy -- 3. The Stability Hierarchy -- 4. Dialect variation -- 5. Conclusion -- References -- OBJECT DOUBLING IN ROMANI AND THE BALKAN LANGUAGES -- 0. Introduction -- 1. The situation in the Balkan languages -- 2. Object doubling in Romani according to Miklosich (1880) -- 3. Contemporary treatments of object doubling in Romani -- 4. Object doubling outside the Balkan Sprachbund -- 5. Conclusion -- Endnotes -- References -- SUPPLETIVE FORMS OF THE ROMANI COPULA: 'OVEL/A VEL' -- 0. Introduction -- 1. The present stem -- 2. The past stem -- 3. The replacement of ov- and ul- -- 4. 'to have' and 'to obtain' in Romani -- 5. Conclusion -- Endnotes -- References -- CAUSATIVES IN SLOVAK AND HUNGARIAN ROMANI -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Historical origins of the causativizing suffix -av -- 2. The suffix -av in Slovak Romani -- 3. Morphophonemic properties of the suffix -av -- 4. Causative derived from transitive verbs -- 5. Semantic changes in the suffix -av -- 6. Morphosyntactic restrictions on the deverbative suffix -av -- 7. Conclusion
References -- THE ROMANI DIALECT OF THE RH -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Lexicon -- 2. Phonetics -- 2,1 The vowel system -- 2.1.1 é> ə (e > ə) -- 2.1.2 já (ja) > é (e) -- 2.1.3 e (i) > O -- 2.1.4 en > an -- 2.2 The system of consonants -- 3. Morphosyntax: case expressions -- 3.1 Postpositions -- 3.2 Accusative of inanimate direct objects -- 3.3 Prepositions -- 4. Conclusion -- Endnotes -- References -- THE DIALECT OF THE BASKET-WEAVERS (SEPEČIDES) OF IZMIR -- 0. Introduction -- 1. The basket makers of Izmir -- 2. Phonological features of Sepeəčides Roman -- 2.1 Vowels -- 2.2 Consonants -- 2.3 Sepeəčides Romani in Volos, Greece -- 3. Morphological features -- 3.1 Non-Vlach characteristics -- 3.2 Nominal Inflection -- 3.2.1 Turkish influences on nominal morphology -- 3.3 Verb inflection -- 3.3.1 Turkish influence on verb morphology -- 4. Derivational processes -- 4.1 Causatives -- 4.2 Inchoative intransitives -- 4.3 Double phrases -- 4.4 Genitive adjectives -- 5. Conclusion -- Endnotes -- References -- LINGUISTIC FORM AND CONTENT IN THE ROMANI-LANGUAGE PRESS OF THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA -- 0. Introduction -- 1. Orthography and phonology -- 1.1 Orthography -- 1.2 Schwa -- 1.3 The palatal quality of velars/dentals -- 1.4 Jotation in feminine substantives -- 1.5 The opposition i/j -- 1.6 The opposition h/x -- 1.7 r / ř (rr,R, etc.) -- 1.8 Clear, dark, and palatal /l/ -- 1.9 Aspiration -- 1.10 Intervocalic -s- in grammatical affixes -- 1.11 The combination n+s at morpheme boundaries -- 1.12 Combinations of preposition + definite article & obl. 3 sg. pronouns -- 2. Morphology -- 2.1 Nominative third person pronouns -- 2.2 The nominative plural definite article -- 2.3 The genitive marker -- 2.4 Possessive pronouns -- 2.5 Aorist person markers -- 2.6 Imperfect/Pluperfect -- 2.7 Long versus short present tense forms -- 2.8 Adjective comparison and agreement
2.9 Derivation of abstract nouns -- 3. Syntax and lexicon -- 3.1 Modal constructions -- 3.2 'be' and 'have' -- 3.3 Negation -- 3.4 Vocabulary -- 4. Conclusion -- Endnotes -- References -- GEORGE BORROWS ROMANI -- 0. Introduction -- 1. George Borrow and the Romani language -- 2. Borrow's knowledge of Romani -- 3. The creation of Roma and Romani -- 4. Borrow as Romani scholar -- 5. Conclusion -- Endnotes -- References -- INDEX OF NAMES -- INDEX OF SUBJECTS -- LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS AND EDITORS
Contributions to this collection focus on the unity and diversity of the language of the Roma (Gypsies), the only Indic language spoken exclusively in Europe. Properties discussed include the distinct inflectional and derivational patterns applied to Asian and European lexical layers, the distribution of inflectional, agglutinative, and analytic formation among syntactic categories, regularities in the ongoing shift from inflectional to analytic case formation, suppletion, aspects of syntactic convergence, and patterns of morphological transitivization and de-transitivization (causatives and passives). These phenomena are considered in the light of contemporary discussions on language universals, with reference to a variety of different approaches including Prague School Typology, Functional Sentence Perspective, Functional Grammar, functional-pragmatic typology, and general grammaticalization theory.Chapters partly adopt a comparative approach covering all major dialects of the language, and are partly devoted to single-dialect corpuses. Special attention is given to the Czech/Slovak and Hungarian varieties, to previously undescribed dialects from Bulgaria and Turkey, to codified varieties in Macedonia, and to the variety of dialects discussed in the popular works of the Victorian author George Borrow. An extensive Introduction outlines the principal morphosyntactic features of the language and provides a classification of Romani dialects, including an overview of those mentioned in the volume
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Matras, Yaron Typology and Dialectology of Romani Amsterdam : John Benjamins Publishing Company,c1997 9789027236616
Subject Romani language -- Grammar.;Romani language -- Dialects
Electronic books
Alt Author Bakker, Peter
Kyuchukov, Hristo
Bakker, Peter
Matras, Yaron
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