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Author Arts, Wil
Title Value Contrasts and Consensus in Present-Day Europe : Painting Europe's Moral Landscapes
Imprint Leiden : BRILL, 2013
©2014
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (442 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series European Values Studies ; v.15
European Values Studies
Note Intro -- Contents -- Figures, Tables and Appendices -- Series Editors' Preface -- Editors' Preface -- Chapter One Cross-National Values in Europe Today: Facts and Explanations -- Introduction -- The contributions to this book -- Challenges for value researchers -- References -- Chapter Two Who is Afraid of the (Big Bad) European Union? European Integration and Fears About Job Losses -- Introduction -- Theory and hypotheses -- Socio-economic factors -- Institutional and political factors -- Community-related factors -- Data and measurements -- Results -- Country differences in regard to fears: Comparison of means -- Explaining differences: Multilevel analysis -- Conclusion and discussion -- References -- Chapter Three Shifting Loyalties? Globalization and National Identity in the Twenty-First Century -- Introduction -- The multidimensionality of national identity -- Individual-level explanations -- Country-level explanations -- Data and methodology -- Dependent variables -- Individual-level independent variables -- National-level independent variables -- Methodology -- Results -- Cross-national distribution -- Individual-level analysis -- National-level analysis -- Conclusion -- Appendix -- References -- Chapter Four Support for labour-market discrimination of migrants in Europe -- Introduction and questions -- General theories on support for discrimination -- From general theories to testable hypotheses -- Social positions -- Contextual conditions -- Individual perceptions and attitudes -- Data -- Descriptive results -- Results from multilevel analyses -- Conclusions and discussion -- References -- Chapter Five The Relative Deservingness of the Unemployed in the Eyes of the European Public -- Introduction -- Theory and hypotheses -- National-context characteristics -- Individual characteristics -- Operationalization and methods
The dependent variable -- Country-level variables -- Individual-level variables -- Methods -- Results -- Conclusion and discussion -- References -- Chapter Six Neighbours: Determinants of Whom Europeans Want to Keep at a Distance -- Introduction -- Social distance: A measure of social antipathy -- Individual determinants of social distance -- Social values -- Trust -- Political attitudes and orientations -- Background -- Socio-structural determinants of social distance -- Socio-economic performance -- Immigration flows -- Religious milieu -- Data and methods -- Dependent variables -- Independent variables -- Results -- Social distance towards racialized or ethnicized groups -- Individual and contextual predictors of social distance towards stigmatized groups -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter Seven Freedom or Equality -- Introduction -- The EVS question -- Two theoretical approaches -- Rokeach's two-value model -- Political philosophy -- Analytic strategy and hypotheses -- Choosing equality as the focal concept -- The 'neither' and 'don't know' categories -- Macro hypotheses -- Micro hypotheses -- Value explanations -- Descriptive analysis -- Multivariate analysis -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter Eight The Distribution of Social Capital Across Europe -- Introduction -- Theory and hypotheses -- Data, measures and methods -- Dependent variables -- Independent variables at the contextual level -- Independent variables at the individual level -- Second-order confirmatory factor analysis -- Multilevel analyses -- Findings -- Findings from the confirmatory factor analysis -- Descriptive findings -- Findings from multilevel analyses -- Conclusion and discussion -- References -- Chapter Nine Conventional and Unconventional Political Participation -- Introduction -- Political participation -- Defining participation -- Micro level: Who participates?
Macro level: In what context do people participate? -- Political institutions -- Societal modernization -- Data and methodology -- Dependent variables -- Individual-level independent variables -- Country-level variables -- Methodology -- Results -- Bivariate descriptives -- Individual-level determinants -- Country-level determinants -- Conclusions -- Appendix -- References -- Chapter Ten Religious Vitality and Church Attendance in Europe -- Introduction -- Theoretical ideas about religious change -- Church attendance, educational attainment and rationalization -- Church attendance and globalization -- Church attendance and individualization -- Church attendance and insecurity -- Church attendance and religious supply and regulation -- Data and measurements -- Individual characteristics -- Country characteristics -- Results -- Conclusion and discussion -- References -- Chapter Eleven Secularization in Europe: An Analysis of Inter-Generational Religious Change -- Introduction -- Recent change in Central and Eastern Europe -- Explaining religious change: Age, period and cohort effects -- Cross-sectional findings from EVS 2008 -- Explaining generational differences -- Discussion -- Chapter Twelve Modernization, Culture and Morality in Europe: Universalism, Contextualism or Relativism? -- Introduction -- Society and morality -- Determinants of morality perceptions and moral judgement behaviour -- Data and operationalizations -- Empirical results -- Conclusion -- References -- Chapter Thirteen Public Good Morality in Europe: An Impact of Communist Rule? -- Introduction -- Theory and hypotheses -- Communist rule -- The impact of values -- The interplay between communist rule and values -- Data and measurement -- Results -- Bivariate analyses -- Multilevel analyses -- East and West -- Conclusion and discussion -- References
Chapter Fourteen Attitudes Towards Gender Roles in Europe: Modernization and Social Institutions -- Introduction -- Gender equality: Modernity versus institutional factors -- Individual factors influencing support for gender equality -- Hypotheses -- Data and methods -- Dependent variables -- Independent variables -- Method -- Results -- Conclusions -- References -- Chapter Fifteen Work Values in Europe: Modernization, Globalization, Institutionalization and their Moderating Impact on the Occupational Class Effect -- Introduction -- Theory and hypotheses -- Societal characteristics: Modernization, globalization and institutionalization -- Individual characteristics: Occupational class -- Cross-level interactions: Modernization, globalization and institutionalization moderating the occupational class effect -- Data and measurements -- Data -- Dependent variables: Dimensions of work values -- Independent variables at the individual level -- Independent variables at the country level -- Descriptive information -- Results -- Conclusions and discussion -- References -- Chapter Sixteen Social Capital, Social Cohesion and Health: Is Country-Level Trust Asociated with Self-Asessed Health in Europe? -- Introduction -- Some explanations for an association between contextual social capital and health -- Review of the empirical evidence so far -- Data and methods -- Sample -- Variables -- Method -- Results -- Variations in aggregate health and trust across Europe -- Results of multilevel analysis -- Cross-country variation in the coefficient of individual trust -- Conclusion and discussion -- References -- Chapter Seventeen If Money Does Not Buy Happiness, What Does? A Multilevel Analysis on the Impact of Absolute and Relative Income, Social Values and Modernization on Subjective Well-Being in Europe -- Introduction and research questions
Theoretical framework -- Absolute and relative income impact on SWB -- Social and modernization values impact on SWB -- Modernization values and SWB -- The conceptual model -- Data and measures -- Data -- Measures -- Control variables -- Creating indices -- Methods and empirical model -- Descriptive results -- SWB and inequality -- SWB, social values and modernization -- Does money buy happiness? Estimating the impact of various income measures -- Multilevel analysis results -- Do social and modernization values matter? -- Is the effect of values on SWB mediated by objective modernization? -- Conclusions -- References -- About the authors -- Subject index -- Author index
In Value Contrasts and Consensus in Present-Day Europe, Wil Arts and Loek Halman have collected a considerable number of contributions that paint the moral landscape of Europe by empirically-theoretically analyzing value patterns
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Arts, Wil Value Contrasts and Consensus in Present-Day Europe : Painting Europe's Moral Landscapes Leiden : BRILL,c2013 9789004254619
Subject Social values -- Europe.;Values -- Europe.;Civil society -- Europe.;Work -- Europe
Electronic books
Alt Author Halman, Loek
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