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035    (MiAaPQ)EBC1365168 
035    (Au-PeEL)EBL1365168 
035    (CaPaEBR)ebr10744756 
035    (OCoLC)835118500 
040    MiAaPQ|beng|erda|epn|cMiAaPQ|dMiAaPQ 
050  4 UA26.A2 -- L67 2013eb 
082 0  355.7068/1 
100 1  Lostumbo, Michael J 
245 10 Overseas Basing of U.S. Military Forces :|bAn Assessment 
       of Relative Costs and Strategic Benefits 
264  1 Santa Monica :|bRAND Corporation, The,|c2013 
264  4 |c©2013 
300    1 online resource (495 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Preface -- Contents --
       Figures -- Tables -- Summary -- Acknowledgments -- 
       Abbreviations -- CHAPTER ONE: Introduction -- Purpose -- 
       Approach -- Brief History of the U.S. Global Posture -- 
       The Current U.S. Global Posture -- European Command -- 
       Central Command -- Pacific Command -- Africa Command -- 
       Southern Command -- How This Report Is Organized -- 
       CHAPTER TWO: Strategic Considerations: Benefits of 
       Overseas Posture to Contingency Response -- Force Types 
       and Implications for Deployment and Presence -- Force 
       Requirements and Deployment Considerations for Major 
       Combat Operations -- En Route Infrastructure and 
       Capabilities -- Deployment by Air and Sea -- Small-Scale 
       Contingency Deployment Analysis -- Notional Scenarios for 
       Analysis -- Force Packages -- Deployment Modeling Results 
       -- Direct Operational Support -- Operational Support 
       Considerations -- Assessing the Ability to Provide 
       Operational Support to Contingencies -- Implications for 
       Posture -- CHAPTER THREE: Strategic Considerations: 
       Benefits of Overseas Posture for Deterrence and Assurance 
       -- The Role of Foreign Posture in Deterring Potential Foes
       -- Deterrence Ideas and Practice -- The Adversary Gets a 
       Vote -- Assuring Allies -- Aligning Interests -- 
       Implications for Posture -- CHAPTER FOUR: Strategic 
       Considerations: Benefits of Overseas Posture for Security 
       Cooperation -- Does Overseas Basing Provide Cost 
       Advantages for Security Cooperation? -- Does Overseas 
       Basing Improve Partner Willingness to Deploy Forces? -- 
       Does Overseas Basing Provide Benefits for Partner 
       Capability Development? -- Does Overseas Basing Provide 
       Training Advantages for U.S. Forces? -- How Do Rotational 
       Forces Change U.S. Military Strategies for Security 
       Cooperation? -- Implications for Posture -- CHAPTER FIVE: 
       Risks to Investing in Facilities Overseas -- Political 
       Risks to Access 
505 8  Risks to Peacetime Access: Where Are U.S. Bases at Risk? -
       - Contingency Access -- Changing Operational Risks to 
       Posture -- Assessing Violent Extremist Risks to Posture --
       Implications for Posture -- CHAPTER SIX: Installation 
       Conditions -- Data on Installation Conditions -- Findings 
       on Installation Conditions -- Implications of Findings on 
       Installation Quality for Postures -- CHAPTER SEVEN: Host-
       Nation Support and U.S. Payments to Other Countries -- 
       Terminology and Data Sources -- Definitions of Host-Nation
       Support, U.S. Payments, and Related Concepts -- Sources of
       Data on Host-Nation Support and U.S. Payments -- Lessons 
       from Historical Data -- Analysis of Contemporary Data on 
       Host-Nation Support and U.S. Payments -- Host Nations' 
       Contributions to the United States -- U.S. Payments to 
       Other Countries -- Treatment of Bilateral Flows in Posture
       Analysis -- NATO Security Investment Program Contributions
       -- Host-Nation Support Data Collection in the Future -- 
       Implications of Findings on Host-Nation Support and U.S. 
       Payments for Postures -- CHAPTER EIGHT: Relative Costs of 
       Overseas Basing and Rotational Presence -- Introduction to
       Cost Analysis -- Definitions of Terms -- Approach to 
       Overall Cost Analysis: Constructing Cost Models -- 
       Approach to Individual Cost Models -- Limitations of This 
       Analysis -- Preview of Cost Analysis Findings -- Recurring
       Permanent Presence Cost Analysis -- Training Costs -- 
       Allowances and PCS Costs -- Installation-Related Costs -- 
       Regional Logistics Costs -- Summary of Recurring Fixed 
       Costs -- Summary of Incremental Overseas Variable Costs --
       Rotational Cost Analysis -- Components of Rotational 
       Presence -- Example Rotational Deployment Cost 
       Calculations -- Unit Rotation Costs -- Investment Cost 
       Methodology -- Data Sources -- Personnel-Related Movement 
       and Separation -- Base-Related Closure Costs -- New 
505 8  Example Investment Cost Calculations -- Implications for 
       Posture -- CHAPTER NINE: Illustrative Postures -- 
       Parameters of All Illustrative Postures -- Elements of 
       Current U.S. Posture That Are Held Constant -- 
       Illustrative Cost-Reduction Posture -- Notional Cost-
       Reduction Posture Changes -- Illustrative Global 
       Responsiveness and Engagement Posture -- Notional Global 
       Responsiveness and Engagement Posture Changes -- 
       Illustrative Major Contingency Posture -- Notional Major 
       Contingency Posture Changes -- Summary of Posture Changes 
       -- CHAPTER TEN: Analysis of Illustrative Postures -- Recap
       of the Common Features of the Illustrative Postures -- 
       Deployment Responsiveness -- Cost-Reduction Posture -- 
       Global Responsiveness and Engagement Posture -- Major 
       Contingency Posture -- Availability of Basing for Direct 
       Operational Support -- Deterrence and Assurance -- 
       Security Cooperation -- Effect on Training to Improve 
       Partner Capabilities -- Improving U.S. Force Capabilities 
       -- The Value of Rotational Forces for Security Cooperation
       -- Risks to U.S. Installations -- Political and 
       Operational Access Risk Comparison -- Risks from Adversary
       Actions -- Cost Comparisons of Illustrative Postures -- 
       Effects on Annual Costs -- Investment Costs to Transition 
       to Posture Options -- Comparing Marine Corps CRP Cost 
       Changes to the Long-Term Plan -- Implications for 
       Determining Actual Postures -- CHAPTER ELEVEN: Conclusions
       -- Minimum Essential Posture Needs -- Changes Advisable to
       Consider Depending on Strategic Judgments -- Regional 
       Considerations -- Europe -- The Pacific -- Middle East -- 
       Value Perceptions and Priorities Are Critical to Posture 
       Decisions -- APPENDIXES -- A. Cost Analysis Appendix -- B.
       Detailed Cost Analysis Results -- C. Security Cooperation 
       Cost Differential Between Forward-Based and U.S.-Based 
       Forces -- D. U.S. Military Overseas Prepositioned 
505 8  E. Deployment Analysis Scenario APOD and APOE Details -- 
       F. USFJ-Related Costs Borne by Japan -- G. Analysis of 
       Missile Threat to Bases for the Postures -- H. Detailed 
       Estimates of Host Nation Contributions from Japan, South 
       Korea, and Germany -- I. Summary Tables of Illustrative 
       Postures -- References 
520    This independent assessment is a comprehensive study of 
       the strategic benefits, risks, and costs of U.S. military 
       presence overseas. The report provides policymakers a way 
       to evaluate the range of strategic benefits and costs that
       follow from revising the U.S. overseas military presence 
       by characterizing how this presence contributes to 
       assurance, deterrence, responsiveness, and security 
       cooperation goals 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
650  0 Sound -- Recording and reproducing -- Digital 
       techniques.;Computer sound processing 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  McNerney, Michael J 
700 1  Peltz, Eric 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aLostumbo, Michael J.|tOverseas Basing of
       U.S. Military Forces : An Assessment of Relative Costs and
       Strategic Benefits|dSanta Monica : RAND Corporation, The,
856 40 |uhttps://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sinciatw/
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