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050  4 QD549 -- .K943 2014eb 
082 0  668.1 
100 1  Kronberg, Bengt 
245 10 Surface Chemistry of Surfactants and Polymers 
250    1st ed 
264  1 New York :|bJohn Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,|c2014 
264  4 |c©2015 
300    1 online resource (499 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Intro -- Surface Chemistry of Surfactants and Polymers -- 
       Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Acronyms -- Chapter 1 
       Types of Surfactants, their Synthesis, and Applications --
       Definition of a Surfactant -- Surfactants Adsorb at 
       Interfaces -- Surfactants Aggregate in Solution and at 
       Interfaces -- All Surfactants Contain at Least One Polar 
       Head Group and at Least One Hydrophobic Tail -- Surface 
       Active Compounds are Plentiful in Nature -- Surfactant Raw
       Materials may be Based on Petrochemicals or Oleochemicals 
       -- Surfactants are Classified by the Polar Head Group -- 
       Anionics -- Nonionics -- Cationics -- Zwitterionics -- 
       Hydrotropes and Solubilization -- Gemini Surfactants have 
       Special Features -- Synthesis -- Gemini Surfactants are 
       More Efficient -- Cleavable Surfactants are Attractive 
       from an Environmental Point of View -- Background -- 
       Alkali-Labile Surfactants -- Normal Ester Quats -- Betaine
       Esters -- Acid-Labile Surfactants -- Acetals -- Ortho 
       Esters -- Overview -- Self-Aggregation of a Surfactant may
       Increase or Decrease the Hydrolysis Rate of Surfactants 
       Containing a Labile Bond -- Increased Hydrolysis Rate-
       Micellar Catalysis -- Decreased Hydrolysis Rate-Micellar 
       Inhibition -- Use of Polymerizable Surfactants is a Way to
       Immobilize the Surfactant -- Mode of Surfactant 
       Polymerization -- Position of the Polymerizable Group -- 
       Applications of Polymerizable Surfactants -- Emulsion 
       Polymerization -- Alkyd Emulsions -- Surface Modification 
       -- Surfactant Self-Assemblies -- Special Surfactants Give 
       Extreme Surface Tension Reduction -- Bibliography -- 
       Chapter 2 Environmental and Health Aspects of Surfactants 
       -- Environmental Concern is a Strong Driving Force for 
       Surfactant Development -- The Polar Head Group -- Polyol 
       Surfactants -- Amino Acid-Based Surfactants -- The 
       Hydrocarbon Tail -- Biodegradability 
505 8  The Rate of Biodegradation Depends on the Surfactant 
       Structure -- Aquatic Toxicity -- Bioaccumulation -- Other 
       Regulatory Concerns -- Dermatological Aspects of 
       Surfactants -- REACH -- Bibliography -- Chapter 3 Two 
       Fundamental Forces in Surface and Colloid Chemistry -- 
       Counterion Binding Affects Self-Assembly and Adsorption of
       Surfactants and Polymers -- Micelle Formation and 
       Interaction of Micelles -- Adsorption of Surfactants at 
       Nonpolar Surfaces -- Polymer Systems -- Colloidal 
       Stability -- The Hydrophobic Effect is due to the High 
       Energy Density of Water -- Ordering of the Water Leads to 
       an Enthalpy-Entropy Compensation -- The Solubility of 
       Hydrocarbons Increases due to Water Structuring -- 
       Bibliography -- Chapter 4 Surfactant Self-Assembly: 
       General Aspects and Spherical Micelles -- Amphiphilic 
       Molecules Self-Assemble -- Surfactants Start to Form 
       Micelles at the CMC -- CMC Depends on Chemical Structure -
       - Temperature and Cosolutes Affect CMC -- The Solubility 
       of Surfactants may be Strongly Temperature Dependent -- 
       Driving Forces of Micelle Formation and Thermodynamic 
       Models -- Hydrophobic Interactions -- Phase Separation 
       Model -- Mass Action Law Model -- The Association Process 
       and Counterion Binding can be Monitored by NMR 
       Spectroscopy -- Hydrophobic Compounds can be Solubilized 
       in Micelles -- Micelle Size and Structure -- A Geometrical
       Consideration of Chain Packing Is Useful -- Kinetics of 
       Micelle Formation -- Surfactants may Form Aggregates in 
       Solvents Other than Water -- General Comments on 
       Amphiphile Self-Assembly -- Bibliography -- Chapter 5 
       Introduction to Phase Diagrams -- The Phase Rule Regulates
       the Number of Phases -- Binodal and Spinodal-Metastable 
       and Unstable -- The Gibbs Triangle -- Phase Behavior and 
       the Gibbs Triangle -- Examples of How to Read Phase 
       Diagrams -- Temperature is an Important Parameter 
505 8  Four Components can be Represented by Pseudo-Phase 
       Diagrams -- Complexes Formed from Species of Opposite 
       Charge Represent Complicated Phase Diagrams -- 
       Bibliography -- Chapter 6 Surfactant Self-Assembly: Beyond
       the Spherical Micelle -- Micelle Type and Size Vary with 
       Concentration -- Micellar Growth is Different for 
       Different Systems -- The Shape of the Micelles Affects the
       Rheology of Solutions of Gemini Surfactants -- Surfactant 
       Phases are Built up by Discrete or Infinite Self-
       Assemblies -- Micellar Solutions can Reach Saturation -- 
       Structures of Liquid Crystalline Phases -- Micellar Cubic 
       Phase -- Hexagonal Phase -- Lamellar Phase -- Bicontinuous
       Cubic Phases -- Reversed Structures -- How to Determine 
       Phase Diagrams -- Binary Surfactant-Water Phase Diagrams 
       can be Very Different -- Three-Component Phase Diagrams 
       are Complex but have a Direct Bearing on Applications -- 
       Surfactant Geometry and Packing Determine Aggregate 
       Structure: The Packing Parameter is a useful Concept -- 
       Polar Lipids Show the same Phase Behavior as other 
       Amphiphiles -- Liquid Crystalline Phases may form in 
       Solvents other than Water -- Bibliography -- Chapter 7 
       Surfactants and Polymers Containing Oxyethylene Groups 
       Show a Complex Behavior -- Polyoxyethylene Chains make up 
       the Hydrophilic Part of Many Surfactants and Polymers -- 
       CMC and Micellar Size of Oxyethylene-Based Surfactants 
       are Strongly Temperature Dependent -- Phase Diagrams are 
       Very Different at Different Temperatures -- The L3 or 
       "Sponge" Phase -- Sequence of Self-Assembly Structures as 
       a Function of Temperature -- The Critical Packing 
       Parameter and the Spontaneous Curvature Concepts are 
       Useful Tools -- Clouding is a Characteristic Feature of 
       Polyoxyethylene-Based Surfactants and many Nonionic 
       Polymers -- Clouding is Strongly Dependent on Cosolutes 
505 8  Physicochemical Properties of Block Copolymers Containing 
       Polyoxyethylene Segments Resemble those of Polyoxyethylene
       -Based Surfactants -- Temperature Anomalies of Oxyethylene
       -Based Surfactants and Polymers are Ubiquitous -- 
       Temperature Anomalies are Present in Solvents Other than 
       Water and for Other Polymers -- Bibliography -- Chapter 8 
       Surfactant Adsorption at Solid Surfaces -- Surfactant 
       Adsorption at Hydrophobic Surfaces -- Nonionic Surfactants
       at Hydrophobic Surfaces -- Ionic Surfactants at 
       Hydrophobic Surfaces -- Surfactant Adsorption at 
       Hydrophilic Surfaces -- Nonionic Surfactants at 
       Hydrophilic Surfaces -- Ionic Surfactants at Hydrophilic 
       Surfaces -- Surfactant Self-Assemblies at Surfaces Have 
       Various Shapes -- Strong Interaction with the Surface Can 
       Give Epitaxial Effects -- Adsolublization is the 
       Solubilization of Substrates in the Surface Aggregates -- 
       Analysis of Surfactant Adsorption Isotherms -- Model 
       Surfaces and Methods to Determine Adsorption -- Dispersed 
       Systems -- Macroscopic Surfaces -- Bibliography -- Chapter
       9 Polymers in Solution -- Polymer Properties are Governed 
       by the Choice of Monomers -- Molecular Weight is an 
       Important Parameter -- Dissolving a Polymer can be a 
       Problem -- The Solubility Parameter is Used to Find the 
       Right Solvent -- Polyelectrolytes are Polymers with 
       Charges -- Polymer Size and Shape are Important 
       Characteristics -- There are Various Classes of Water-
       Soluble Polymers -- Polymers are Used as Thickeners -- 
       Polymers in Solution Differ from Ordinary Mixtures -- 
       There is a Bridge to Colloidal Systems -- Phase 
       Equilibrium Considerations -- Mixtures of Two Polymers in 
       Water -- Bibliography -- Chapter 10 Surface Active 
       Polymers -- Surface Active Polymers can be Designed in 
       Different Ways -- Polymers with a Hydrophilic Backbone and
       Hydrophobic Side Chains 
505 8  Polymers with a Hydrophobic Backbone and Hydrophilic Side 
       Chains -- Polymers with Alternating Hydrophilic and 
       Hydrophobic Blocks -- Polymeric Surfactants have 
       Attractive Properties -- Bibliography -- Chapter 11 
       Adsorption of Polymers at Solid Surfaces -- The Adsorbed 
       Amount Depends on Polymer Molecular Weight -- Solubility 
       has a Profound Influence on the Adsorption -- Adsorption 
       of Polyelectrolytes -- Case I: Polyelectrolyte and the 
       Surface Have Opposite Charge -- Case II: Polyelectrolyte 
       and the Surface have the Same Charge -- Polymer Adsorption
       is Practically Irreversible -- Polymers can be Desorbed --
       The Kinetics of Polymer Adsorption is Limited by 
       Rearrangement -- Measurement of Polymer Adsorption -- 
       Bibliography -- Chapter 12 Surface and Interfacial Tension
       -- The Surface Tension of Droplets Increases their 
       Pressure -- Surface Tension is Related to Adsorption -- 
       The Surface Tension of Surfactant Solutions -- Nonionic 
       Surfactants -- Ionic Surfactants -- Dynamic Surface 
       Tension -- Impurities in Surfactant Samples can Play a 
       Major Role -- Hydrophobic Impurities -- Hydrophilic 
       Impurities -- Surface Tension of Polymer Solutions -- 
       Interfacial Tension -- Measurement of Surface Tension -- 
       Equilibrium Surface Tension -- Dynamic Surface Tension -- 
       Bibliography -- Chapter 13 Mixed Surfactant Systems -- The
       Behavior of Surfactant Mixtures Depends on the Relative 
       Surface Activities and on Interactions -- The CMC of an 
       Ideal Mixture has a Simple Relationship to the Individual 
       CMC Values -- Systems of Surfactants with Similar Head 
       Groups Require No Net Interaction -- Many Other Surfactant
       Systems Require a Net Interaction -- Mixtures of Anionic 
       and Nonionic Surfactants -- Mixtures of Anionic and 
       Cationic Surfactants -- Effect of the β Parameter for 
       Different Ratios between the CMCs 
505 8  The Concept of Mixed Micelles can also be Applied to 
       Amphiphiles not Forming Micelles 
520    This book gives the reader an introduction to the field of
       surfactants in solution as well as polymers in solution. 
       Starting with an introduction to surfactants the book then
       discusses their environmental and health aspects. Chapter 
       3 looks at fundamental forces in surface and colloid 
       chemistry. Chapter 4 covers self-assembly and 5 phase 
       diagrams. Chapter 6 reviews advanced self-assembly while 
       chapter 7 looks at complex behaviour. Chapters 8 to 10 
       cover polymer adsorption at solid surfaces, polymers in 
       solution and surface active polymers, respectively. 
       Chapters 11 and 12 discuss adsorption and surface and 
       interfacial tension, while Chapters 13- 16 deal with mixed
       surfactant systems. Chapter 17, 18 and 19 address 
       microemulsions, colloidal stability and the rheology of 
       polymer and surfactant solutions. Wetting and wetting 
       agents, hydrophobization and hydrophobizing agents, solid 
       dispersions, surfactant assemblies, foaming, emulsions and
       emulsifiers and microemulsions for soil and oil removal 
       complete the coverage in chapters 20-25 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
650  0 Surface chemistry.;Surface active agents.;Polymer 
       solutions.;Suspensions (Chemistry) 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Holmberg, Krister 
700 1  Lindman, Bjorn 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aKronberg, Bengt|tSurface Chemistry of 
       Surfactants and Polymers|dNew York : John Wiley & Sons, 
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