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Author Ott, J. Bevan
Title Chemical Thermodynamics : Principles and Applications
Imprint San Diego : Elsevier Science & Technology, 2000
©2000
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (689 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Front Cover -- Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Preface to the Two-Volume Series -- Preface to the First Volume -- Chapter 1. Introduction -- 1.1 Thermodynamics - A Pre-eminent Example of an Exact Science -- 1.2 The Language of Thermodynamics -- 1.3 Thermodynamic Variables -- 1.4 The Mathematics of Thermodynamics -- 1.5 Derivation of Thermodynamic Equations using the Properties of the Exact Differential -- 1.6 Calculation of Changes in the Thermodynamic Variable -- 1.7 Use of Units -- References -- Chapter 2. The First and Second Laws of Thermodynamics -- 2.1 The First Law of Thermodynamics -- 2.2 The Second Law of Thermodynamics -- 2.3 Implications of the Laws -- References -- Chapter 3. Thermodynamic Relationships and Applications -- 3.1 The Gibbs Equations -- 3.2 Partial Differential Relationships -- 3.3 Applications of the Differential Relationships -- 3.4 Relationship Between Free Energy and Work -- References -- Chapter 4. The Third Law and Absolute Entropy Measurements -- 4.1 Verification of the Third Law -- 4.2 Exceptions to the Third Law -- 4.3 Implications and Applications of the Third Law -- 4.4 Production of Low Temperatures and the Inaccessibility of Absolute -- 4.5 Thermodynamic Functions -- References -- Chapter 5. The Chemical Potential and Equilibrium -- 5.1 Composition as a Variable -- 5.2 The Chemical Potential -- 5.3 Partial Molar Properties -- 5.4 The Gibbs-Duhem Equation -- 5.5 Determination of Partial Molar Properties -- 5.6 Criteria for Equilibrium -- References -- Chapter 6. Fugacity, Activity, and Standard States -- 6.1 Fugacity -- 6.2 The Activity -- 6.3 Standard States -- 6.4 Activities of Electrolyte Solutions -- 6.5 Determination of Activity -- References -- Chapter 7. The Thermodynamic Properties of Solutions
7.1 Change in the Thermodynamic Properties of Nonelectrolyte Solutions due to the Mixing Process -- 7.2 Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of Strong Electrolyte Solutes: The Debye - Hückel Theory -- 7.3 Relative Partial Molar and Apparent Relative Partial Molar Thermal Properties -- 7.4 The Osmotic Pressure -- References -- Chapter 8. The Equilibrium Condition Applied to Phase Equilibria -- 8.1 Phase Equilibria for Pure Substances -- 8.2 Phase Equilibria for Mixtures -- References -- Chapter 9. The Equilibrium Condition Applied to Chemical Processes -- 9.1 The Equilibrium Constant -- 9.2 Enthalpies and Gibbs Free Energies of Formation -- 9.3 Examples of Chemical Equilibrium Calculations -- 9.4 Electrochemical Cells -- References -- Chapter 10. Statistical Thermodynamics -- 10.1 Energy Levels of an Ideal Gas Molecule -- 10.2 Distribution of Energy Among Energy Levels -- 10.3 The Boltzmann Distribution Law -- 10.4 The Partition Function -- 10.5 Relationship Between the Partition Function and the Thermodynamic Properties -- 10.6 Evaluation of the Partition Function for the Ideal Gas -- 10.7 Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of the Ideal Gas -- 10.8 Calculation of the Thermodynamic Properties of Solids -- References -- Appendix 1. Mathematics for Thermodynamics -- A l.1 Operations with Derivatives and Integrals -- A 1.2 Total Differentials and Relationships Between Partial Derivatives -- A1.3 Intensive and Extensive Variables -- A 1.4 State Functions and Exact Differentials -- Inexact Differentials and Line Integrals -- Al.5 Pfaffian Differentials -- A1.6 Euler's Theorem -- A1.7 Graphical Integrations -- A.8 Stirling's Approximation -- Appendix 2. The International Temperature Scale of 19901 -- A2.1 Fixed Points -- A2.2 Choice of Thermometer -- A2.3 The Deviation Function -- A2.4 Measurement of Temperatures Above 1234.93 K
A2.5 Correction of Existing Data to ITS-90 -- Appendix 3. Equations of State for Gases -- A3.1 The Ideal Gas -- A3.2 The Virial Equation -- A3.3 The Virial Equation Explicit in Pressure -- A3.4 Other Equations of State -- A3.5 Cubic Equations of State -- Appendix 4. Calculations from Statistical Thermodynamics -- Table A4.1 Thermodynamic Functions of an Ideal Gas -- Table A4.2 Moments of Inertia and Rotational Constants of Some Common Molecules -- Table A4.3 Fundamental Vibrational Frequencies of Some Common Molecules -- Table A4.4 Electronic Energy Levels of some Common Molecules or Atoms With Unpaired Electrons -- Table A4.5 Anharmonic Oscillator and Nonrigid Rotator Corrections -- Table A4.6 Contributions to the Thermodynamic Properties Due to Internal Rotation -- Table A4.7 The Debye Thermodynamic Functions Expressed in Terms of 0o/T -- Index
Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications presents a thorough development of the principles of thermodynamics--an old science to which the authors include the most modern applications, along with those of importance in developing the science and those of historical interest. The text is written in an informal but rigorous style, including ancedotes about some of the great thermodynamicists (with some of whom the authors have had a personal relationship), and focuses on "real" systems in the discussion and figures, in contrast to the generic examples that are often used in other textbooks. The book provides a basic review of thermodynamic principles, equations, and applications of broad interest. It covers the development of thermodynamics as one of the pre-eminent examples of an exact science. A discussion of the standard state that emphasizes its significance and usefulness is also included, as well as a more rigorous and indepth treatment of thermodynamics and discussions of a wider variety of applications than are found in more broadly based physical chemistry undergraduate textbooks. Combined with its companion book, Chemical Thermodynamics: Advanced Applications, the practicing scientist will have a complete reference set detailing chemical thermodynamics. Key Features * Outlines the development of the principles of thermodynamics, including the most modern applications along with those of importance in developing the science and those of historical interest * Provides a basic review of thermodynamic principles, equations, and applications of broad interest * Treats thermodynamics as one of the preeminent examples of an exact science * Provides a more rigorous and indepth treatment of thermodynamics and discussion of a wider variety of applications than are found in more broadly based physical chemistry undergraduate textbooks *
Includes examples in the text and exercises and problems at the end of each chapter to assist the student in learning the subject * Provides a complete set of references to all sources of data and to supplementary reading sources
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Ott, J. Bevan Chemical Thermodynamics: Principles and Applications San Diego : Elsevier Science & Technology,c2000 9780125309905
Subject Thermodynamics.;Chemistry, Physical and theoretical
Electronic books
Alt Author Boerio-Goates, Juliana
Boerio-Goates, Juliana
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