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Author Keren-Paz, Tsachi, Professor
Title Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice
Imprint Abingdon : Taylor & Francis Group, 2007
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (224 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Contents -- Acknowledgements -- 1 INTRODUCTION -- 2 THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK -- Introduction -- I. Distributive Justice -- A. The Participants -- B. The Thing Distributed -- C. Criteria for Distribution -- II. Egalitarianism -- A. Concepts of Equality -- B. 'Progressive', 'Disadvantage' and 'Equality Effect' Defined -- C. The Level at which Egalitarian Considerations Work -- III. Tort Law -- A. Instrumentalism, Pluralism, Contextualism -- B. A Sketch of Tort Law and its Goals -- IV. Pulling the Threads Together -- A. Egalitarian Tort Law in the Context of the Declining Welfare State -- B. The Limits of the Argument -- 3 NORMATIVE DEFENCE -- Introduction -- I. Illegitimacy -- A. The Argument -- B. The Inevitability of the Distributive Effects of Legal Rules and the Political Nature of the Judiciary -- C. Public Choice -- D. Ability to Amend -- E. Substantive versus Procedural Justice -- II. Randomness -- A. Redistribution by Tort Law is not Particularly Random -- B. Random Redistribution is Fairer than the Status Quo -- III. Excessive Cost -- A. In General -- B. Efficiency -- IV. Ineffectiveness -- A. Comparative Institutional Inquiry: Will Judicial Egalitarian Commitment Bring About More Egalitarian Results? -- B. Limited Ability to Achieve Distributive Results by Legal Rules -- Conclusion -- 4 APPLICATORY FRAMEWORK -- Introduction -- I. The Regressive Nature of Existing Tort Law -- A. The Principle of Restitutio Ad Integrum -- B. Scope of Responsibility -- II. Levels of Operation -- A. Tort Law and Alternative Compensation Schemes -- B. Choice of Regime -- C. Desirability of Specific Torts and Doctrines -- III. Multiplicity of Participants and Entitlements -- A. Factual and Conceptual Problems -- B. Identifying those Affected by the Rule -- C. Conflicting Dimensions of Distribution: Material and Symbolic Goods
IV. Direction of Distributive Result -- A. Expanding Liability -- B. Limiting Liability -- C. Unclear Recommendation -- V. Balancing Egalitarianism with Other Policy Considerations -- A. Relevance -- B. Autonomous Nature: Egalitarianism is Broader than Anti-Discrimination -- C. Lack of Conclusiveness -- D. Egalitarian Consideration Should Not Serve Merely as a Veto -- E. Weight -- F. Conclusion -- 5 STANDARD OF CARE -- Introduction -- I. Insights from Other Approaches -- A. Corrective Justice -- B. Efficiency -- C. Loss-Spreading -- D. Fairness -- II. Normative Defence -- A. The Intuition -- B. Justifications -- III. Standard or Duty? -- IV. Reformulating the Standard of Care -- A. The Role of Egalitarianism in Standard of Care Analysis -- B. Comparing Disutility: The Difficulties and Guidelines for Courts -- V. How Does It Work? -- A. Active Risk Creation -- B. Failure to Prevent Risk Created by Third Parties -- VI. Incongruity with Existing Tort Law -- A. Standard of Care -- B. Considering Needs and Equality in Tort Law and Private Law -- Conclusion -- 6 DUTY OF CARE -- Introduction -- I. The Effects of Egalitarianism on Duty of Care -- II. Possible Solutions to the Problem of Maternal Prenatal Duty -- III. The Egalitarian Case Against Unconditional Duty -- A. The Arguments -- B. Egalitarian Framework -- C. Newborns with Disability as Disadvantaged Plaintiffs? -- D. General Duty? -- IV. Conditional Duty -- A. The Unity of Interests Among Pregnant Women and their Children -- B. The Tension Between the Practical and Symbolic Results of the Rule -- C. The Ways Premiums are Collected: Questions of Inter- and Intra-group Justice -- D. Intra-group Justice: Class and Race -- E. The Symbolic Aspect of Liability -- F. Supplementary Comments with Respect to the Suggested Rule -- G. The Analytical Aspect: Insurance, Standard, and Duty of Care
H. The Pragmatic Aspect: Much Ado About Nothing? -- 7 DISCRIMINATION AS NEGLIGENCE -- Introduction -- I. Negligence and Alternative Responses to Discrimination -- II. The Institutional Inquiry -- A. Advantages -- B. Disadvantages -- III. The Conceptual and Normative Inquiries -- A. Implications of the Choice between Duty and Standard for Denying Liability -- B. Standard -- C. Duty -- D. Damages -- 8 CONCLUSION -- Table of Cases -- Table of Legislation -- Bibliography -- Index -- A -- C -- D -- E -- F -- G -- H -- I -- J -- K -- L -- M -- N -- O -- P -- R -- S -- T -- W
This book argues, from a normative perspective, for the incorporation of an egalitarian sensitivity into tort law, and more generally, into private law. It shows how an egalitarian sensitivity can reformulate tort doctrine, with an emphasis on the tort of negligence
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Keren-Paz, Tsachi, Professor Torts, Egalitarianism and Distributive Justice Abingdon : Taylor & Francis Group,c2007 9780754646532
Subject Torts.;Negligence.;Distributive justice.;Law -- Methodology
Electronic books
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